Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Community attitudes toward individuals with traumatic brain injury

  • T. McLELLAN (a1), A. BISHOP (a1) and A. McKINLAY (a1)
Abstract
Abstract

Explicit and implicit attitudes toward people who have sustained traumatic brain injury (TBI) were investigated to determine if negative attitudes exist and if the terminology used (brain vs. head injury) exacerbated predicted negativity. Participants (n = 103) rated Tony (brain/head injury) and Peter (limb-injury) on 10 characteristics using a 7-point scale. Familiarity with brain injury was also measured. Implicit Association Tests (IAT) assessed potential negative bias. Tony (M = 36.84) was judged more negatively than Peter (M = 31.69). The term “brain” versus “head” injury resulted in more negative evaluations (Ms = 38.72 vs. 34.78). Participants familiar with TBI were more positive toward Tony than those unfamiliar (Ms = 34.98 vs. 39.80). Only those unfamiliar with TBI demonstrated implicit negative bias. Negative attitudes toward TBI are expressed explicitly with individuals openly endorsing less desirable characteristics. When people have more knowledge about or experience with brain injury, they are less likely to endorse negative stereotypes. (JINS, 2010, 16, 705–710.)

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Correspondence and reprint requests to: Audrey McKinlay, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch, New Zealand. E-mail: audrey.mckinlay@canterbury.ac.nz
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

M.C. Angermeyer , H. Matschinger , & P.W. Corrigan (2004). Familiarity with mental illness and social distance from people with schizophrenia and major depression: Testing a model using data from a representative population survey. Schizophrenia Research, 69, 175182.

T. Babinkian , & R.F. Asarnow (2009). Neurocognitive outcomes and recovery after pediatric TBI: Meta-analytic review of the literature. Neuropsychology, 23, 283296.

G.R. Bessenoff , & J.W. Sherman (2000). Automatic and controlled components of prejudice toward fat people: Evaluation versus stereotype activation. Social Cognition, 18, 329353.

P.W. Corrigan , A.B. Edwards , A. Green , S.L. Diwan , & D.L. Penn (2001). Prejudice, social distance, and familiarity with mental illness. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 27, 219225.

J. Fogel , J.A. Fauerbach , R.C. Ziegelstein , & D.E. Bush (2004). Quality of life in physical health domains predicts adherence among myocardial infarction patients even after adjusting for depressive symptoms. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 56, 7582.

A.G. Greenwald , D.E. McGhee , & J.L. Schwartz (1998). Measuring individual differences in implicit cognition: The implicit association test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 14641480.

A.G. Greenwald , B.A. Nosek , & M.R. Banaji (2003). Understanding and using the Implicit Association Test: I. An improved scoring algorithm. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 197216.

A.G. Greenwald , T.A. Poehlman , E.L. Uhlmann , & M.R. Banaji (2009). Understanding and using the Implicit Association Test: III. Meta-analysis of predictive validity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97, 1741.

E. Hessen , K. Nestvold , & V. Anderson (2007). Neuropsychological function 23 years after mild traumatic brain injury: A comparison of outcome after paediatric and adult head injuries. Brain Injury, 21, 963979.

K. Hux , C.D. Schram , & T. Goeken (2006). Misconceptions about brain injury: A survey replication study. Brain Injury, 20, 547553.

M.A. Linden , & I.R. Crothers (2006). Violent, caring, unpredictable: Public views on survivors of brain injury. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 21, 763770.

B.G. Link , & J.C. Phelan (2006). Stigma and its public health implications. Lancet, 367, 528529.

A.I.R. Maas , N. Stocchetti , & R. Bullock (2008). Moderate and severe traumatic brain injury in adults. The Lancet, 7, 728737.

A. McKinlay , J.C. Dalrymple-Alford , L.J. Horwood , & D.M. Fergusson (2002). Long term psychosocial outcomes after mild head injury in early childhood. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, & Psychiatry, 73, 281288.

A. McKinlay , R.C. Grace , L.J. Horwood , D.M. Fergusson , & M.R. MacFarlane (2009). Adolescent psychiatric symptoms following preschool childhood mild traumatic brain injury: Evidence from a birth cohort Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 24, 221227.

A. McKinlay , R.C. Grace , L.J. Horwood , D.M. Fergusson , E.M. Ridder , & M.R. MacFarlane (2008). Prevalence of traumatic brain injury among children, adolescents and young adults: Prospective evidence from a birth cohort. Brain Injury, 22, 175181.

R.J. Rydell , A.R. McConnell , L.M. Strain , H.M. Claypool , & K. Hugenberg (2007). Implicit and explicit attitudes respond differently to increasing amounts of counterattitudinal information. European Journal of Social Psychology, 37, 867878.

B.A. Teachman , J.G. Wilson , & I. Komarovskaya (2006). Implicit and explicit stigma of mental illness in diagnosed and healthy samples. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 25, 7595.

L. Wolkenstein , & T.D. Meyer (2009). What factors influence attitudes towards people with current depression and current mania? International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 55, 124140.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society
  • ISSN: 1355-6177
  • EISSN: 1469-7661
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-international-neuropsychological-society
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 17
Total number of PDF views: 50 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 216 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 22nd September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.