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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Coyne, Julia H. Borg, Jacquelyn M. DeLuca, John Glass, Leslie and Sumowski, James F. 2015. Retrieval Practice as an Effective Memory Strategy in Children and Adolescents With Traumatic Brain Injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 96, Issue. 4, p. 742.

    Pastötter, Bernhard and Bäuml, Karl-Heinz T. 2014. Retrieval practice enhances new learning: the forward effect of testing. Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 5,

    Sumowski, James F. Coyne, Julia Cohen, Amanda and DeLuca, John 2014. Retrieval Practice Improves Memory in Survivors of Severe Traumatic Brain Injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 95, Issue. 2, p. 397.

    Velikonja, Diana Tate, Robyn Ponsford, Jennie McIntyre, Amanda Janzen, Shannon and Bayley, Mark 2014. INCOG Recommendations for Management of Cognition Following Traumatic Brain Injury, Part V. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, Vol. 29, Issue. 4, p. 369.

    Glass, Arnold Lewis Ingate, Margaret and Sinha, Neha 2013. The Effect of a Final Exam on Long-Term Retention. The Journal of General Psychology, Vol. 140, Issue. 3, p. 224.

  • Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, Volume 16, Issue 6
  • November 2010, pp. 1147-1150

Retrieval practice: A simple strategy for improving memory after traumatic brain injury

  • JAMES F. SUMOWSKI (a1) (a2), HALI G. WOOD (a1), NANCY CHIARAVALLOTI (a1) (a2), GLENN R. WYLIE (a1) (a2), JEANNIE LENGENFELDER (a1) (a2) and JOHN DELUCA (a1) (a2) (a3)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 15 October 2010

Memory impairment is common following traumatic brain injury (TBI), but interventions to improve memory in persons with TBI have been ineffective. Retrieval practice is a robust memory strategy among healthy undergraduates, whereby practice retrieving information shortly after it is presented leads to better delayed recall than simple restudy. In a verbal paired associate paradigm, we investigated the effect of retrieval practice relative to massed and spaced restudy on delayed recall in 14 persons with chronic memory impairment following a TBI and 14 age-matched healthy controls. A significant learning condition (massed restudy, spaced restudy, retrieval practice) by group (TBI, healthy) interaction emerged, whereby only healthy controls benefited from spaced restudy (i.e., distributed learning) over massed restudy, but both groups greatly benefited from retrieval practice over massed and spaced restudy. That is, retrieval practice greatly improves memory in persons with TBI, even when other mnemonic strategies (e.g., distributed learning) are less effective. (JINS, 2010, 16, 1147–1150.)

Corresponding author
*Correspondence and reprint requests to: James F. Sumowski, PhD, Neuropsychology & Neuroscience Laboratory, Kessler Foundation Research Center, 300 Executive Drive, Suite 10, West Orange, New Jersey 07052. Email:
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Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society
  • ISSN: 1355-6177
  • EISSN: 1469-7661
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-international-neuropsychological-society
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