Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 120
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    de Winter, Joost and Kuipers, Jorrit 2017. Advances in Human Aspects of Transportation.

    Agarwal, Smriti Stamatakis, Emmanuel A. Geva, Sharon and Warburton, Elizabeth A. 2016. Dominant hemisphere functional networks compensate for structural connectivity loss to preserve phonological retrieval with aging. Brain and Behavior, p. e00495.

    Archer, Jo A. Lee, Annie Qiu, Anqi and Chen, Shen-Hsing Annabel 2016. A Comprehensive Analysis of Connectivity and Aging Over the Adult Life Span. Brain Connectivity, Vol. 6, Issue. 2, p. 169.

    Baglietto-Vargas, David Shi, Jessica Yaeger, Devin M. Ager, Rahasson and LaFerla, Frank M. 2016. Diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease crosstalk. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, Vol. 64, p. 272.

    Bailey, Whitney A. and Gordon, Sarah R. 2016. Family Caregiving Amidst Age-Associated Cognitive Changes: Implications for Practice and Future Generations. Family Relations, Vol. 65, Issue. 1, p. 225.

    Bikson, Marom Grossman, Pnina Thomas, Chris Zannou, Adantchede Louis Jiang, Jimmy Adnan, Tatheer Mourdoukoutas, Antonios P. Kronberg, Greg Truong, Dennis Boggio, Paulo Brunoni, André R. Charvet, Leigh Fregni, Felipe Fritsch, Brita Gillick, Bernadette Hamilton, Roy H. Hampstead, Benjamin M. Jankord, Ryan Kirton, Adam Knotkova, Helena Liebetanz, David Liu, Anli Loo, Colleen Nitsche, Michael A. Reis, Janine Richardson, Jessica D. Rotenberg, Alexander Turkeltaub, Peter E. and Woods, Adam J. 2016. Safety of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation: Evidence Based Update 2016. Brain Stimulation,

    Boggero, Ian A. Eisenlohr-Moul, Tory and Segerstrom, Suzanne C. 2016. Task-switching ability protects against the adverse effects of pain on health: A longitudinal study of older adults. British Journal of Health Psychology, Vol. 21, Issue. 2, p. 434.

    Buczylowska, Dorota and Petermann, Franz 2016. Age-Related Differences and Heterogeneity in Executive Functions: Analysis of NAB Executive Functions Module Scores. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, Vol. 31, Issue. 3, p. 254.

    Castanho, Teresa Costa Portugal-Nunes, Carlos Moreira, Pedro Silva Amorim, Liliana Palha, Joana Almeida Sousa, Nuno and Correia Santos, Nadine 2016. Applicability of the Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (Modified) in a community sample with low education level: association with an extensive neuropsychological battery. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Vol. 31, Issue. 2, p. 128.

    Damoiseaux, Jessica S. Viviano, Raymond P. Yuan, Peng and Raz, Naftali 2016. Differential effect of age on posterior and anterior hippocampal functional connectivity. NeuroImage, Vol. 133, p. 468.

    Davids, Roeliena C. D. Groen, Yvonne Berg, Ina J. Tucha, Oliver M. and van Balkom, Ingrid D. C. 2016. Executive Functions in Older Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Objective Performance and Subjective Complaints. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, Vol. 46, Issue. 9, p. 2859.

    de Chastelaine, Marianne Mattson, Julia T. Wang, Tracy H. Donley, Brian E. and Rugg, Michael D. 2016. The neural correlates of recollection and retrieval monitoring: Relationships with age and recollection performance. NeuroImage, Vol. 138, p. 164.

    Doerwald, Friederike Scheibe, Susanne Zacher, Hannes and Van Yperen, Nico W. 2016. Emotional Competencies Across Adulthood: State of Knowledge and Implications for the Work Context. Work, Aging and Retirement, Vol. 2, Issue. 2, p. 159.

    Downey, Luke A. Hayley, Amie C. Porath-Waller, Amy J. Boorman, Martin and Stough, Con 2016. The Standardized Field Sobriety Tests (SFST) and measures of cognitive functioning. Accident Analysis & Prevention, Vol. 86, p. 90.

    Glass, Brian D. and Osman, Magda 2016. Positive explorers: modeling dynamic control in normal aging. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, p. 1.

    Hinault, Thomas Lemaire, Patrick and Touron, Dayna 2016. Aging effects in sequential modulations of poorer-strategy effects during execution of memory strategies. Memory, p. 1.

    Hinault, Thomas Lemaire, Patrick and Phillips, Natalie 2016. Aging and sequential modulations of poorer strategy effects: An EEG study in arithmetic problem solving. Brain Research, Vol. 1630, p. 144.

    Iskandar, Sam Murphy, Kelly J. Baird, Anne D. West, Robert Armilio, Maria Craik, Fergus I. M. and Stuss, Donald T. 2016. Interacting effects of age and time of day on verbal fluency performance and intraindividual variability. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, Vol. 23, Issue. 1, p. 1.

    Kempf, Cindy Schwarz, Lauren R. Desai, Abhilash K. and Perkinson, Margaret A. 2016. Occupational Therapy with Aging Adults.

    Kensinger, Elizabeth A. and Gutchess, Angela H. 2016. Cognitive Aging in a Social and Affective Context: Advances Over the Past 50 Years. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, p. gbw056.

  • Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, Volume 16, Issue 5
  • September 2010, pp. 754-760

Selective review of cognitive aging

  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 August 2010

Research concerned with relations between adult age and cognitive functioning is briefly reviewed. The coverage is necessarily selective, and is organized in terms of five major questions. These are what abilities are related to age, how many distinct influences are contributing to the relations between age and cognitive functioning, do the differences between people increase with advancing age, what is responsible for the discrepancies between cross-sectional and longitudinal age comparisons of cognitive functioning, and what methods can be used to identify causes of age-related influences on cognition. Although definitive answers are not yet possible, quite a bit of information relevant to the questions is now available. Moreover, the existing information has implications for the design, analysis, and interpretation of cognitive and neuropsychological research concerned with aging. (JINS, 2010, 16, 754–760.)

Corresponding author
*Correspondence and reprint requests to: Timothy A. Salthouse, Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4400. E-mail:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

E. Borella , B. Carretti , & R. De Beni (2008). Working memory and inhibition across the adult life-span. Acta Psychologica, 128, 3344.

J.M. Bugg , N.A. Zook , E.L. DeLosh , D.B. Davalos , & H.P. Davis (2006). Age differences in fluid intelligence: Contributions of general slowing and frontal decline. Brain and Cognition, 62, 916.

R.B. Cattell (1943). The measurement of adult intelligence. Psychological Bulletin, 40, 153193.

C.R. Clark , R.H. Paul , L.M. Williams , M. Arns , K. Fallahpour , C. Handmer , . (2006). Standardized assessment of cognitive functioning during development and aging using an automated touchscreen battery. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 21, 449467.

R.A. Dixon , & L. Backman (Eds.). (2004). New frontiers in cognitive aging. New York: Oxford University Press.

G.A. Dore , M.F. Elias , M.A. Robbins , P.K. Elias , & S.L. Brennan (2007). Cognitive performance and age: Norms from the Maine-Syracuse study. Experimental Aging Research, 33, 205271.

E.L. Glisky , M.R. Polster , & B.C. Routhieaux (1995). Double dissociation between item and source memory. Neuropsychology, 9, 229235.

D. Head , K.M. Rodrigue , K.M. Kennedy , & N. Raz (2008). Neuroanatomical and cognitive mediators of age-related differences in episodic memory. Neuropsychology, 22, 491507.

U. Lindenberger , & P. Ghisletta (2009). Cognitive and sensory declines in old age: Gauging the evidence for a common cause. Psychology and Aging, 24, 116.

M. Ronnlund , & L.-G. Nilsson (2006). Adult life-span patterns in WAIS-R Block Design performance; Cross-sectional versus longitudinal age gradients and relations to demographic factors. Intelligence, 34, 6378.

M. Ronnlund , L. Nyberg , L. Backman , & L.-G. Nilsson (2005). Stability, growth, and decline in adult life span development of declarative memory: Cross-sectional and longitudinal data from a population-based study. Psychology and Aging, 20, 318.

T.A. Salthouse (2005). Relations between cognitive abilities and measures of executive functioning. Neuropsychology, 19, 532545.

T.A. Salthouse (2009b). When does age-related cognitive decline begin? Neurobiology of Aging, 30, 507514.

T.A. Salthouse (2010b). Is flanker-based inhibition related to age? Identifying specific influences of individual differences on neurocognitive variables. Brain and Cognition, 73, 5161.

T.A. Salthouse , T.M. Atkinson , & D.E. Berish (2003). Executive functioning as a potential mediator of age-related cognitive decline in normal adults. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 132, 566594.

T.A. Salthouse , D.E. Berish , & K.L. Siedlecki (2004). Construct validity and age sensitivity of prospective memory. Memory & Cognition, 32, 11331148.

T.A. Salthouse , & H.P. Davis (2006). Organization of cognitive abilities and neuropsychological variables across the lifespan. Developmental Review, 26, 3154.

T.A. Salthouse , N. Fristoe , & S.H. Rhee (1996). How localized are age-related effects on neuropsychological measures? Neuropsychology, 10, 272285.

T.A. Salthouse , & E.J. Meinz (1995). Aging, inhibition, working memory, and speed. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 50B, P297P306.

T.A. Salthouse , J.E. Pink , & E.M. Tucker-Drob (2008). Contextual analysis of fluid intelligence. Intelligence, 36, 464486.

T.A. Salthouse , & K.L. Siedlecki (2007). Efficiency of route selection as a function of adult age. Brain and Cognition, 63, 279287.

T.A. Salthouse , K.L. Siedlecki , & L.E. Krueger (2006). An individual differences analysis of memory control. Journal of Memory and Language, 55, 102125.

K.L. Siedlecki , T.A. Salthouse , & D.E. Berish (2005). Is there anything special about the aging of source memory? Psychology and Aging, 20, 1932.

K.W. Schaie (2005). Developmental influences on adult intelligence: The Seattle Longitudinal Study. New York: Oxford University Press.

D. Schretlen , G.D. Pearlson , J.C. Anthony , E.H. Aylward , A.M. Augustine , A. Davis , . (2000). Elucidating the contributions of processing speed, executive ability, and frontal lobe volume to normal age-related differences in fluid intelligence. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 6, 5261.

W. Van der Elst , M.P.J. Van Boxtel , G.J.P. Van Breukelen , & J. Jolles (2006). The Stroop Color-Word Test: Influence of age, sex, and education; normative data for a large sample across the adult age range. Assessment, 13, 6279.

R.S. Wilson , L.A. Beckett , L.L. Barnes , J.A. Schneider , J. Bach , D.A. Evans , . (2002). Individual differences in rates of change in cognitive abilities in older persons. Psychology and Aging, 17, 179193.

R.M. Baron , & D.A. Kenny (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 11731182.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society
  • ISSN: 1355-6177
  • EISSN: 1469-7661
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-international-neuropsychological-society
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *