Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Articulatory reflexes of the three-way contrast in labial stops and kinematic evidence for domain-initial strengthening in Korean

  • Taehong Cho (a1), Minjung Son (a2) and Sahyang Kim (a3)
Abstract

This study examines articulatory characteristics of the three-way contrast in labial stops /p p h p*/ (lenis, aspirated, fortis, respectively) in Korean in phrase-initial and phrase-medial prosodic positions with a two-fold goal. First, it investigates supralaryngeal articulatory reflexes of the stops and explores articulatory invariance of these stops across prosodic positions. Second, it investigates Korean stops in kinematic terms from the perspective of domain-initial strengthening, and explores the nature of prosodically-conditioned speech production from a dynamical perspective. Results showed that the articulatory reflex of the three-way contrast was invariantly observed across prosodic positions with lip constriction degree (/p/p h/p*/), while lip constriction duration showed a binary distinction (/p/p h p*/). Kinematically, there was only very weak articulatory evidence for the contrast across prosodic positions: The V-to-C lip closing movement tended to be faster for /p h/ than for /p/, and the C-to-V lip opening movement tended to be larger for /p h p*/ than for /p/. As for domain-initial strengthening, the consonantal lip closing gesture was characterized by a larger, longer and slower articulation, whereas the vocalic lip opening gesture (after the release) was larger and faster, but not longer. Kinematic relations indicated that the lip closing movement is most likely controlled by a rate of the clock (possibly modulated by a temporal modulation gesture, or π-gesture) comparable to boundary effects in English, but the boundary-induced lip opening movement was better accounted for by a change in target (possibly modulated by a spatial modulation gesture, or μ-gesture) which was comparable to prominence rather than boundary effects in English. The cross-linguistic difference was interpreted as coming from different prosodic systems between Korean and English, presumably instantiated in dynamical terms of how the temporal and the spatial modulation gestures are phased with constriction gestures in relation to boundary marking versus prominence marking.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Mary E. Beckman 1996. The parsing of prosody. Language and Cognitive Processes 11, 1767.

Mary E. Beckman , Fangfang Li , Eun Jong Kong & Jan Edwards . 2014. Aligning the timelines of phonological acquisition and change. Laboratory Phonology 5 (1), 151193.

Jana Brunner , Susanne Fuchs & Pascal Perrier . 2011. Supralaryngeal control in Korean velar stops. Journal of Phonetics 39, 178195.

Dani Byrd . 2000. Articulatory vowel lengthening and coordination at phrasal junctures. Phonetica 57, 316.

Dani Byrd , Jelena Krivokapić & Sungbok Lee . 2006. How far, how long: On the temporal scope of prosodic boundary effects. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 120, 15891599.

Taehong Cho . 2005. Prosodic strengthening and featural enhancement: Evidence from acoustic and articulatory realizations of /a, i/ in English. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 117, 38673878.

Taehong Cho . 2008. Prosodic strengthening in transboundary V-to-V lingual movement in American English. Phonetica 65, 4561.

Taehong Cho & Patricia A. Keating . 2001. Articulatory and acoustic studies of domain-initial strengthening in Korean. Journal of Phonetics 29, 155190.

Taehong Cho & Patricia A. Keating . 2009. Effects of initial position versus prominence in English. Journal of Phonetics 37, 466485.

Taehong Cho , Yoonjeong Lee & Sahyang Kim . 2011. Communicatively-driven versus prosodically-driven hyper-articulation in Korean. Journal of Phonetics 39, 344361.

Taehong Cho , Yoonjeong Lee & Sahyang Kim . 2014. Prosodic strengthening on the /s/-stop cluster and the phonetic implementation of an allophonic rule in English. Journal of Phonetics 46, 128146.

Taehong Cho & James M. McQueen . 2005. Prosodic influences on consonant production in Dutch: Effects of prosodic boundaries, phrasal accent and lexical stress. Journal of Phonetics 33, 121157.

Taehong Cho , Yeomin Yoon & Sahyang Kim . 2014. Effects of prosodic boundary and syllable structure on the temporal realization of CV gestures in Korean. Journal of Phonetics 44, 96109.

Bruce Connell & Amalia Arvaniti (eds .). 1995. Phonology and phonetic evidence: Papers in Laboratory Phonology IV. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sarah Dart . 1987. An aerodynamic study of Korean stop consonants: Measurements and modeling. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 81, 138147.

Jan Edwards , Mary E. Beckman & Janet Fletcher . 1991. The articulatory kinematics of final lengthening. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 89, 369382.

Cécile Fougeron & Patricia A. Keating . 1997. Articulatory strengthening at edges of prosodic domains. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 101, 37283740.

Jonathan Harrington , Janet Fletcher & Corinne Roberts . 1995. Coarticulation and the accented/unaccented distinction: Evidence from jaw movement data. Journal of Phonetics 23, 305322.

Sun-Ah Jun . 1998. The accentual phrase in the Korean prosodic hierarchy. Phonology 15, 189226.

Patricia A. Keating 1984. Phonetic and phonological representation of stop consonant voicing. Language 60, 286319.

J. A. Scott Kelso , Eric Vatikiotis-Bateson , Elliot L. Saltzman & Bruce Kay . 1985. A qualitative dynamic analysis of reiterant speech production: Phase portraits, kinematics, and dynamic modeling. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 77, 266280.

Hyunsoon Kim , Shinji Maeda & Kiyoshi Honda . 2010. Invariant articulatory bases of the features [tense] and [spread glottis] in Korean plosives: New stroboscopic cine-MRI data. Journal of Phonetics 38, 90108.

Jelena Krivokapić & Dani Byrd . 2012. Prosodic boundary strength: An articulatory and perceptual study. Journal of Phonetics 40, 430442.

Leigh Lisker & Arthur S. Abramson . 1964. A cross-language study of voicing in initial stops: Acoustical measurements. Word 20, 384422.

Anders Löfqvist & Vincent L. Gracco . 1997. Lip and jaw kinematics in bilabial stop consonant production. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research 40, 877893.

Doris Mücke , Martine Grice & Taehong Cho . 2014. More than a magic moment – paving the way for dynamics of articulation and prosodic structure. Journal of Phonetics 44, 17.

W. L. Nelson 1983. Physical principles for economies of skilled movements. Biological Cybernetics 46, 135147.

Elliot L. Saltzman & Kevin G. Munhall . 1989. A dynamical approach to gestural patterning in speech production. Ecological Psychology 1, 333382.

Minjung Son , Sahyang Kim & Taehong Cho . 2012. Supralaryngeal articulatory signatures of three-way contrastive labial stops in Korean. Journal of Phonetics 40, 92108.

Marija Tabain . 2003. Effects of prosodic boundary on /aC/ sequences: Articulatory results. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 113, 28342849.

Betty Tuller , Shuyong Shao & J. A. Scott Kelso . 1990. An evaluation of an alternating magnetic field device for monitoring tongue movements. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 88, 674679.

John R. Westbury 1994. On coordinate systems and the representation of articulatory movements. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 95, 22712273.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the International Phonetic Association
  • ISSN: 0025-1003
  • EISSN: 1475-3502
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-international-phonetic-association
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 6
Total number of PDF views: 92 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 196 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 19th August 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.