Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 2
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Ogden, Richard 2012. Making Sense of Outliers. Phonetica, Vol. 69, Issue. 1-2, p. 48.


    Hoey, Elliott M. 2014. Sighing in Interaction: Somatic, Semiotic, and Social. Research on Language and Social Interaction, Vol. 47, Issue. 2, p. 175.


    ×
  • Journal of the International Phonetic Association, Volume 41, Issue 2
  • August 2011, pp. 207-229

On clicks in English talk-in-interaction

  • Melissa Wright (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0025100311000144
  • Published online: 12 July 2011
Abstract

This paper analyses clicks in naturally-occurring English conversation. It demonstrates that regardless of any paralinguistic functions clicks may undertake, their occurrence is orderly and systematic, and intimately tied to the interactional structure of talk. Specifically, clicks are shown to function alongside the phonetic parameters of pitch, articulatory segmental features and voice quality (and the sequential and lexical organisation of talk) to demarcate the onset of new and disjunctive sequences. The methodology employed combines (i) the sequential analysis techniques of Conversation Analysis with (ii) parametric impressionistic and instrumental phonetic investigations. A key feature of this methodology is the study of naturally-occurring conversation rather than intuited or laboratory speech data. The findings in this paper challenge the traditional view that clicks function only paralinguistically in English. They also highlight the fruitfulness of implementing phonetic investigations alongside interactional analyses since such an approach enables previously unobserved patterns in the phonetics-interaction interface to be identified.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Herbert H. Clark & Jean E. Fox Tree . 2002. Using ‘uh’ and ‘um’ in spontaneous speaking. Cognition 84, 73111.

Elizabeth Couper-Kuhlen . 1993. English speech rhythm: Form and function in everyday verbal interaction. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Elizabeth Couper-Kuhlen & Cecilia E. Ford (eds.). 2004. Sound patterns in interaction. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.


Laura Dilley , Stefanie Shattuck-Hufnagel & Mari Ostendorf . 1996. Glottalization of word-initial vowels as a function of prosodic structure. Journal of Phonetics 24, 423444.

Paul Drew & Elizabeth Holt . 1998. Figures of speech: Figurative expressions and the management of topic transition in conversation. Language in Society 27, 495522.


Jean E. Fox Tree & Josef C. Schrock . 2002. Basic meanings of ‘you know’ and ‘I mean’. Journal of Pragmatics 34, 727747.

Peter French & John Local . 1983. Turn-competitive incomings. Journal of Pragmatics 7, 701715.

Julia Hirschberg & Janet Pierrehumbert . 1986. Intonational structuring of discourse. 24th Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, New York, 136144.

Gail Jefferson . 2002. Is “no” an acknowledgment token? Comparing American and British uses of (+)/(−) tokens. Journal of Pragmatics 34, 13451383.


Ilse Lehiste . 1975. The phonetic structure of paragraphs. In Antonie Cohen & Sieb Nooteboom (eds.), Structure and process in speech perception, 195206. Berlin: Springer.

John Local & John Kelly . 1986. Projection and ‘silences’: Notes on phonetic and conversational structure. Human Studies 9, 185204.



Richard Ogden . 2006. Phonetics and social action in agreements and disagreements. Journal of Pragmatics 38, 17521775.

John J. Ohala 1995. A probable case of clicks influencing the sound patterns of some languages. Phonetica 52, 160170.

Harvey Sacks , Emanuel A. Schegloff & Gail Jefferson . 1974. A simplest systematics for the organization of turn-taking for conversation. Language 50 (4), 696735.

Emanuel A. Schegloff 1968. Sequencing in conversational openings. American Anthropologist 70, 10751095.



Margret Selting . 1996. On the interplay of syntax and prosody in the constitution of TCUs and turns in conversation. Pragmatics 6 (3), 357388.

Margret Selting . 2000. The construction of units in conversational talk. Language in Society 29, 477517.

Margret Selting & Elizabeth Couper-Kuhlen (eds.). 2001. Studies in interactional linguistics. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.



Marc Swerts . 1998. Filled pauses as markers of discourse structure. Journal of Pragmatics 30 (4), 485496.

Gareth Walker . 2007. On the design and use of pivots in everyday conversation. Journal of Pragmatics 39 (12), 22172243.

Nigel Ward . 2006. Non-lexical conversational sounds in American English. Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (1), 129182.

Melissa Wright . 2011. The phonetics-interaction interface in the initiation of closings in everyday English telephone calls. Journal of Pragmatics 43, 10801099.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the International Phonetic Association
  • ISSN: 0025-1003
  • EISSN: 1475-3502
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-international-phonetic-association
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×