Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Volume 89, Issue 8
  • December 2009, pp. 1689-1702

A revision of the genus Strongylodesma Lévi (Porifera: Demospongiae: Latrunculiidae) with descriptions of four new species

  • Toufiek Samaai (a1), Mark J. Gibbons (a2) and Michelle Kelly (a3)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0025315409000101
  • Published online: 05 June 2009
Abstract

The sponge genus Strongylodesma is reviewed and redefined, and now accommodates eight closely related species. The type species of Strongylodesma Lévi is redescribed and an additional two new species are described from the Indo-Pacific: S. novaecaledoniae sp. nov. and S. tongaensis sp. nov. Several specimens previously identified as species of Batzella (Poecilosclerida: Chondropsidae) have been re-assigned to Strongylodesma, as the new species S. purpureus sp. nov. and S. nigra sp. nov. With the description here of new species from the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Atlantic, the biogeographical distribution of Strongylodesma now appears to be generally tropical with a subtropical South African component, whereas previously it was only known from South Africa. Although species of Strongylodesma have not previously been recorded from the intermediate locations (Western Indian Ocean, South-east Asia, central west Pacific, and New Zealand), re-evaluation here will facilitate more readily the recognition of taxa in these intermediate regions, if they exist, in the future. The species are not widespread, except perhaps along the south-east coast of South Africa, and where they occur they are not abundant. Species occur over a wide depth range, from the intertidal in Tsitsikamma, South Africa, to 140 m in the Caribbean.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondance should be addressed to: T. Samaai, Marine and Coastal Management, Ecosystem Utilisation and Conservation, Private Bag X 2, Roggebaai 8012, Cape Town, South Africa email: tsamaai@deat.gov.za
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

E.M. Antunes , D.R. Beukes , M. Kelly , T. Samaai , L.M. Barrows , K.M. Marshall , C Sincich . and M.T. Davies-Coleman (2004) Pyrroloiminoquinones from four South African latrunculid sponges. Journal of Natural Products 67, 12681276.

E.M. Antunes , B.R. Copp , M. Davies-Coleman and T. Samaai (2005) Pyrroloiminoquinone and related metabolites from Marine sponges. Natural Products Report 22, 6272.

J.R. Carney , P.J. Scheuer and M. Kelly-Borges (1993) Makaluvamine G, a cytotoxic pigment from an Indonesian sponge Histodermella sp. Tetrahedron 49, 84838486.

J. Cheng , Y. Ohizuma , M.R. Walchli , H. Nakamura , Y. Hirata , T. Sasaki and J. Kobayashi (1988) Prianosins B, C and D, novel sulfur-containing alkaloids with potent antineoplastic activity from the Okinawan sponge Prianos melanosv. Journal of Organic Chemistry 53, 46214624.

X. Fu , P.L. Ng , F.J. Schmitz , M.B. Hossain , D. Van der Helm and M. Kelly-Borges (1996) Makaluvic acids A and B: novel alkaloids from the marine sponge Zyzzya fuliginosus. Journal of Natural Products 59, 11041105.

S.P. Gunasekera , P.J. McCarthy , R.S. Longley , S.A. Pomponi , A.E. Wright , E. Lobkovsky and J. Clardy (1999) Discorhadbin P, a new enzyme inhibitor from a deep-water Caribbean sponge of the genus Batzella. Journal of Natural Products 62, 173175.

S.P. Gunasekera , I.A. Zuleta , R.E. Longley , A.E. Wright and S.A. Pomponi (2003) Discorhabdins S, T, and U, new cytotoxic pyrroloiminoquinones from a deep-water Caribbean sponge of the genus Batzella. Journal of Natural Products 66, 16151617.

J.N.A. Hooper and C. Lévi (1993) Axinellida (Porifera: Demospongiae) from the New Caledonia Lagoon. Invertebrate Taxonomy 7, 1395–472.

R.A. Keyzers , T. Samaai and M.T. Davies-Coleman (2004) Novel pyrroloquinoline ribosides from the South African latrunculid sponge Strongylodesma aliwaliensis. Tetrahedron Letters 45, 94159418.

J. Kobayashi , J.F. Cheng , M. Isibashi , H. Nakamura , Y. Ohizuma , Y. Hirata , T. Sasaki , H. Lu and J. Clardy (1987) Prianosin A, a novel antileukemic alkaloid from the Okinawan sponge Prianos melanos. Tetrahedron Letters 28, 49394942.

J. Kobayashi , J.F. Cheng , S. Yamamura and M. Isibashi (1991) Revised structures of prianosins C and D, antineoplastic alkaloids from the Okinawan marine sponge Prianos melanos. Tetrahedron Letters 32, 12271228.

R.E. Lill , D.A. Major , J.W. Blunt and M.H.G. Munro (1995) Studies on the biosysnthesis of discorhabdin B in the New Zealand sponge Latrunculia sp. B. Journal of Natural Products 58, 306311.

N.B. Perry , J.W. Blunt and H.M.G. Munro (1988a) Cytotoxic pigments from New Zealand sponges of the genus Latrunculia: discorhabdins A, B and C. Tetrahedron 44, 17271734.

N.B. Perry , J.W. Blunt , H.M.G. Munro , T. Higa and R. Sakai (1988b) Discorhaddin D, an antitumour alkaloid from the sponges Latrunculia and Prianos sp. Journal of Organic Chemistry 53, 41274128.

S. Sakemi , H.H. Sun , C.W. Jefford and G. Bernardinell (1989) Batzellines A, B and C. Novel pyrroloquilonine alkaloids from the sponge Batzella sp. Tetrahedron Letters 30, 25172520.

D.B Stierle . and D.J. Faulkner (1991) Two new pyrroloquinoline alkaloids from the sponge Damiria spec. Journal of Natural Products 54, 11311133.

H.H. Sun , S. Sakemi , N. Burres and P. McCarthy (1990) Isobatzellins A, B, C and D. Cytotoxic and antifungal pyrroloquilonine alkaloids from the marine sponge Batzella sp. Journal of Organic Chemistry 55, 49644966.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: