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First observations of hermaphroditism in the patellid limpet Patella piperata Gould, 1846

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 June 2019

Ricardo Sousa
Affiliation:
Observatório Oceânico da Madeira, Agência Regional para o Desenvolvimento da Investigação Tecnologia e Inovação (OOM/ARDITI) – Edifício Madeira Tecnopolo, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal Direção de Serviços de Investigação (DSI) – Direção Regional das Pescas, Estrada da Pontinha, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal
Paulo Henriques
Affiliation:
Faculdade da Ciências da Vida, Universidade da Madeira, Campus da Penteada, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal
Joana Vasconcelos
Affiliation:
Secretaria Regional de Educação, Edifício do Governo Regional, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal Departamento de Ecología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción, Casilla 297, Concepción, Chile Centro de Ciências do Mar e do Ambiente (MARE), Quinta do Lorde Marina, Sítio da Piedade Caniçal, Madeira, Portugal
Graça Faria
Affiliation:
Direção de Serviços de Investigação (DSI) – Direção Regional das Pescas, Estrada da Pontinha, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal
Rodrigo Riera
Affiliation:
Departamento de Ecología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción, Casilla 297, Concepción, Chile
Ana Rita Pinto
Affiliation:
Direção de Serviços de Investigação (DSI) – Direção Regional das Pescas, Estrada da Pontinha, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal
João Delgado
Affiliation:
Direção de Serviços de Investigação (DSI) – Direção Regional das Pescas, Estrada da Pontinha, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal
Stephen J. Hawkins
Affiliation:
Ocean and Earth Science, University of Southampton, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, Southampton S014 3ZH, UK The Marine Biological Association of the UK, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL1 2PB, UK
Corresponding

Abstract

Hermaphroditism is thought to be an advantageous strategy common in marine molluscs that exhibit simultaneous, sequential or alternating hermaphroditism. Several species of patellid limpets have previously been shown to be protandrous hermaphrodites. The present study aimed to confirm whether this phenomenon occurs in Patella piperata. Transitional forms of simultaneous protandrous hermaphroditism were found in intermediate size classes of P. piperata, in Madeira (North-eastern Atlantic). Sequential hermaphroditism was confirmed after histological analysis. The overall sex-ratio was biased towards females but approached similar proportions in the larger size classes. Analysis of size at sex change showed that at a shell length of 36 mm 50% of the population probably have changed sex. The results reported confirm the occurrence of sequential hermaphroditism. These findings are of utmost importance to the understanding of the reproductive biology of this species with direct effect on management and conservation of this traditionally harvested limpet.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2019 

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First observations of hermaphroditism in the patellid limpet Patella piperata Gould, 1846
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