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Reproductive morphology and mating behaviour in the hingebeak shrimp Rhynchocinetes durbanensis Gordon, 1936 (Decapoda: Caridea: Rhynchocinetidae) in India

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 July 2015

Sanjeevi Prakash
Affiliation:
Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Sciences, Annamalai University, Porto Novo-608 502, Tamil Nadu, India Centre for Climate Change Studies, Sathyabama University, Jeppiaar Nagar, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Chennai-600 119, Tamil Nadu, India
Thipramalai Thangappan Ajithkumar
Affiliation:
Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology, Faculty of Marine Sciences, Annamalai University, Porto Novo-608 502, Tamil Nadu, India National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources (ICAR), Canal Ring Road, Dilkusha Post, Lucknow-226 002, Uttar Pradesh, India
Raymond Bauer
Affiliation:
Department of Biology, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, Louisiana 70504-2451, USA
Martin Thiel
Affiliation:
Facultad de Ciencias del Mar, Universidad Católica del Norte, Larrondo 1281, Coquimbo, Chile Millennium Nucleus Ecology and Sustainable Management of Oceanic Island (ESMOI), Coquimbo, Chile Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Zonas Áridas (CEAZA), Coquimbo, Chile
Thanumalaya Subramoniam*
Affiliation:
Centre for Climate Change Studies, Sathyabama University, Jeppiaar Nagar, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Chennai-600 119, Tamil Nadu, India
*
Correspondence should be addressed to:T. Subramoniam, Centre for Climate Change Studies, Sathyabama University, Jeppiaar Nagar, Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Chennai-600 119, Tamil Nadu, India. email: tsbl71@hotmail.com

Abstract

The present study tests hypotheses about sexual dimorphism in body size and morphology versus differential mating behaviours of three male ontogenetic stages (typus, intermedius and robustus morphotypes) of the hingebeak shrimp Rhynchocinetes durbanensis Gordon using canonical discriminant analysis. There is strong sexual dimorphism in this species, in that robustus morphotypes are greater in size and with larger appendages (extended third maxillipeds and major [first] chelipeds) than females. As typus males grow bigger in size, their third maxillipeds and major chelipeds become proportionately larger than those of females, and the numbers of corneous spines on the terminal segment of the maxillipeds are reduced. Although there is no sexual dimorphism in body size between typus and intermedius males and females, the robustus males are often substantially larger than females. During mating and spermatophore transfer, all male morphotypes performed similar behaviours (touching, overlapping and holding), but only intermedius and robustus morphotypes appeared to fertilize the broods of the females successfully. Robustus males were faster in approaching as well as mating with receptive females than subordinate males. When mating with robustus males, females spawned more quickly than after mating with typus and intermedius males. Additionally, the time taken for spermatophore transfer by typus males was longer. Rejection by females during the initial approach by typus males often resulted in unsuccessful spermatophore attachment. Results of this study suggest a dominance hierarchy in R. durbanensis similar to certain other rhynchocinetid species in which females appear to prefer mating with the larger robustus males.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 2015 

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