Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

An Interpretation of the Taxonomic Relationship Between the Limpets Patella Rustica and P. Piperata

  • H.B.S.M. Côrte-Real (a1), S.J. Hawkins (a1) and J.P. Thorpe (a1)

The taxonomic relationship between the limpets Patella rustica (Mollusca: Archaeogastropoda) and P. piperata is unclear with controversy as to whether P. piperata should be given specific status. The problems stem from its similar morphology but different biogeographic range from P. rustica. Individuals from seven populations of P. rustica and three of P. piperata were analysed for a combination of morphological and genetical characters. Morphological analyses of shell shape and radular morphology revealed differences between species for radular length, higher in P. rustica than in P. piperata, and the shape of the pluricuspid teeth of the radula with a well-developed internal cusp in P. piperata but not in P. rustica. Electrophoretic results based on 11 allozyme loci, however, did not distinguish the two species clearly. The overall genetic identity value between the two was 0·861, a value which lies within the range for conspecific populations of other patellids. It is proposed that P. piperata on the basis of the genetic data obtained, may represent a subspecies of P. rustica that is in the process of diverging due to its geographic isolation.

Hide All
Atchley W.R., Nordheim E.V., Gunsett F.C. & Crump P.L., 1982. Geometric and probabilistic aspects of statistical distance functions. Systematic Zoology, 31, 445460.
Avise J.C., 1974. The systematic value of electrophoresis data. Systematic Zoology, 23, 465481.
Ayala F.J., 1983. Enzymes as taxonomic characters. In Protein polymorphism: adaptive and taxonomic significance (ed. G.S. Oxford and D. Rollinson), pp. 326. London: Academic Press.
Badino G. & Sella G., 1980. Phosphoglucose isomerase variability in sympatric populations of Mediterranean species of Patella (Gastropoda, Prosobanchiata). Marine Ecology Progress Series, 2, 315320.
Ballantine W.J., 1961. The population dynamics of Patella vulgata and other limpets. PhD thesis, Queen Mary College, University of London.
Beaumont A.R. & Beveridge C.M., 1984. Electrophoretic survey of genetic variation in Pecten maximns, Chlamys opercularis, C. varia and C. distorta from the Irish Sea. Marine Biology, 81, 299306.
Berger E.M., 1973. Gene-enzyme variation in three sympatric species of Littorina. Biological Bulletin. Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, 145, 8390.
Berger E.M., 1983. Population genetics of marine gastropods and bivalves. In The Mollusca. Vol. 6. Ecology (ed. W.D. Russell-Hunter), pp. 563596. London: Academic Press.
Berggren W.A. & Hollister C.D., 1974. Paleogeography, paleobiogeography and the history of circulation in the Atlantic Ocean. Special Publications of the Society of Economic Paleontology and Mineralogy, 20, 126186.
Bucquoy E., Dautzenberg P.H. & Dollfus G.F., 1886. Les mollusques marins du Rousillon. Paris.
Buroker N.E., 1984. Gene flow in mainland and insular populations of Crassostrea (Mollusca). Biological Bulletin. Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, 166, 550557.
Buroker N.E., Hershberger W.K. & Chew K.K., 1979. Population genetics of the family Ostreidae. II. Interspecific studies of the genera Crassostrea and Saccostrea. Marine Biology, 54, 171184.
Christiaens J., 1968. Validite du nom Patella piperata Gould. Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Paris, 40, 366373.
Christiaens J., 1973. Revision du genre Patella (Mollusca, Gastropoda). Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Paris, 182, 13051392.
Colognola R., Mastrurzo P., Russo G.F., Scardi M., Vinci D. & Fresi E., 1986. Biometric and genetic analysis of the marine rissoid Rissoa auriscalpium (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia) and its ecological implications. Marine Ecology, 7, 265285.
Côrte-Real H.B.S.M., Hawkins S.J. & Thorpe J.P., 1992. Genetic confirmation that intertidal and subtidal morphs oi Patella ulyssiponensis aspera Röding (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Patellidae) are conspecific. Arquipelago, 10, 5566.
Côrte-Real H.B.S.M., Hawkins S.J. & Thorpe J.P., 1996. Population differentiation and the taxonomic status of the exploited limpet Patella candei in the Macaronesian islands (Azores, Madeira, Canaries). Marine Biology, 125, 141152.
Crisp D.J. & Fischer-Piette E., 1959. Repartition des principales espèces intercotidales de la côte Atlantique francaise en 1954–1955. Annales de l'lnstitut d'Océanographie du Monaco, 36, 275388.
Davies P.S., 1969. Effect of environment on metabolic activity and morphology of Mediterranean and British species of Patella. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli I, 37, 641656.
Day A.J. & Bayne B.L., 1988. Allozyme variation in populations of the dog-whelk Nucella lapillus (Prosobranchia: Muricacea) from the south west peninsula of England. Marine Biology, 99, 93100.
Dodd J.M., 1957. Artificial fertilization, larval development and metamorphosis in Patella vulgata L. and Patella caendea L. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli I, 29,172186.
Evans R.G., 1958. The genus Patella on the west coast of France. Journal de Conchyliologie, 98, 126151.
Fischer-Piette E., 1935. Systematique et biogeographie. Les patelles d'Europe et d'Afrique du Nord. Journal de Conchyliologie, 79, 566.
Fischer-Piette E. & Gaillard J., 1959. Les patelles au long des cotes Atlantiques Iberiques et Nord-Morocaines. Journal de Conchyliologie, 99, 135200.
Fujino K., Sasaki K. & Wilkins N.P., 1980. Genetic studies on the Pacific abalone. III. Differences in electrophoretic patterns between Haliotis discus Reeve and H. discus hannai Ino. Bulletin of the Japanese Society of Scientific Fisheries, 46, 543548.
Gaffney P.M., 1980. On the number of Patella species in south-west England. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 60, 565574.
Gosling E.M., 1984. The systematic status of Mytilusgalloprovincialis in western Europe: a review. Malacologia, 25, 551568.
Hawkins S.J., Côrte-Real H.B.S.M., Martins H.R., Santos R.S. & Frias Martins A.M., 1990. A note on the identity of Patella in the Azores. Agoreana, 167173. [Supplement.]
Hedgecock D. & Okazaki N.B., 1984. Genetic diversity within and between populations of American oysters (Crassostrea). Malacologia, 25, 535549.
Janson K., 1987. Allozyme and shell variation in two marine snails (Littorina, Prosobranchia) with different dispersal abilities. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society of London, 30, 245256.
Janson K. & Ward R.D., 1985. The taxonomic status of Littorina tenebrosa Montagu as assessed by morphological and genetical analyses. Journal of Conchology, 32, 915.
Johnson M.S. & Black R., 1982. Chaotic genetic patchiness in an intertidal limpet Siphonaria sp. Marine Biology, 70, 157164.
Jones H.D., Hawkins S.J., Watson D.C., Jack E.M. & Kyriakides M.A., 1984. The radular formula of Patella species. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 50, 123124.
Lessios H.A., 1992. Testing electrophoretic data for agreement with Hardy-Weinberg expectations. Marine Biology, 112, 517523.
Nei M., 1972. Genetic distance between populations. American Naturalist, 106, 283292.
Nei M., 1987. Genetic distance and molecular phylogeny. In Population genetics and fishery management (ed. N. Ryman and F. Utter), pp. 193223. Seattle: Washington Sea Grant Program.
Nei M. & Roychoudhury A.K., 1974. Sampling variances of heterozygosity and genetic distance. Genetics, 76, 379390.
Nobre A., 1937. Moluscos testaceos marinhos do arquipelago da Madeira. Memorias e Estudos do Museu Zoologico da Universidade de Coimbra, 98, 1101.
Nolan C.P., 1991. Size, shape and shell morphology of the Antarctic limpet Nucella concinna at Signy Island, South Orkney Islands. Journal ofMolluscan Studies, 57, 225238.
Pallary P., 1900. Coquilles marines du littoral du departement d'Oran. Journal de Conchyliologie, 48, 211434.
Pilsbry H., 1891. Patellidae, structure and systematics. In Manual of conchology (ed. G.W. Tyron), pp. 1195. Philadelphia: National Academy of Science.
Powell A., 1973. The patellid limpets of the world. Indo-Pacific Mollusca, 3, 75206.
Richardson B.J., Baverstock P.R. & Adams M., 1986. Allozyme electrophoresis. A handbook for animal systematics and population studies. London: Academic Press.
Saavedra C., Zapata C., Guerra A. & Alvarez G., 1993. Allozyme variation in European populations of the oyster Ostrea edulis. Marine Biology, 115, 8595.
Sanjuan A., Zapata C. & Alvarez G., 1994. Mytilus galloprovincialis and M. edulis on the coasts of the Iberian Peninsula. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 113, 131146.
Scheltema R.S., 1978. On the relationship between dispersal veliger larvae and the evolution of marine prosobranch gastropods. In Marine organisms: genetics, ecology, and evolution (ed. B. Battaglia and J.A. Beardmore), pp. 303322. New York: Plenum Press. [NATO Conference Series: IV. Marine Science, V.2.]
Scheltema R.S., 1986. On dispersal and planktonic larvae of benthic invertebrates: an eclectic overview and summary of problems. Bulletin of Marine Science, 39, 290322.
Seed R., 1971. A physiological and biochemical approach to the taxonomy of Mytilus edulis L. and M. galloprovincialis Lmk. from SW England. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 12, 291322.
Selander R.K., 1970. Behaviour and genetic variation in natural populations. American Zoologist, 10, 5366.
Sella G., 1976. Biometrical relationships between mesolittoral and infralittoral Patella populations in the Mediterranean. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli I, 40, 123132.
Sella G., Robotti C.A. & Biglione V., 1993. Genetic divergence among three sympatric species of Mediterranean Patella (Archaeogastropoda). Marine Biology, 115, 401405.
Shea B.T., 1985. Bivariate and multivariate growth allometry: statistical and biological considerations. Journal of Zoology, 206, 367390.
Skibinski D.O.F., Cross T.F. & Ahmad M., 1980. Electrophoretic investigation of systematic relationships in the marine mussels Modiolus modiolus L., Mytilus edulis L., and Mytilus galloprovincialis Lmk. (Mytilidae; Mollusca). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society of London, 13, 6574.
Slatkin M., 1985. Gene flow in natural populations. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 16, 393430.
Sneath P.H.A. & Sokal R.R., 1973. Numerical taxonomy. San Fransisco: W.H. Freeman.
Snyder T.P. & Gooch J.L., 1973. Genetic differentiation in Littorina saxatilis (Gastropoda). Marine Biology, 22, 177182.
Swofford D.L. & Selander R.B., 1981. BIOSYS-1: a FORTRAN program for the comprehensive analysis of electrophoretic data in population genetics and systematics. Journal of Heredity, 72, 281283.
Thorpe J.P., 1979. Enzyme variation and taxonomy: the estimation of sampling errors in measurements of interspecific genetic similarity. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society of London, 11, 369386.
Thorpe J.P., 1982. The molecular clock hypothesis: biochemical evolution, genetic differentiation and systematics. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 13, 139168.
Thorpe J.P., 1983. Enzyme variation, genetic distance and evolutionary divergence in relation to levels of taxonomic separation. In Protein polymorphism: adaptive and taxonomic significance (ed. G.S. Oxford and D. Rollinson), pp. 131152. London: Academic Press.
Thorpe J.P. & Sole-Cava A.M., 1994. The use of allozyme electrophoresis in invertebrate systematics. Zoologica Scripta, 23, 318.
Thorson G., 1961. Length of pelagic larval life in marine bottom invertebrates as related to larval transport by ocean currents. In Oceanography (ed. M. Sears), pp. 455474. Washington, DC: AAAS.
Varvio S.-L., Koehn R.K. & Vainola R., 1988. Evolutionary genetics of the Mytilus edulis complex in the North Atlantic region. Marine Biology, 98, 5160.
Watson R.B., 1897. On the marine Mollusca of Madeira; with descriptions of thirty-five new species, and an index-list of all the known sea-dwelling species of that island. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 26, 233329.
Yang S.Y., Soule M. & Gorman G.C., 1974. Anolis lizards of the eastern Caribbean: a case study in evolution. I. Genetic relationships, phylogeny and colonization sequence of the Roquet group. Systematic Zoology, 23, 387399.
Zar J.H., 1984. Biostatistical analysis. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 4 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 86 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 20th October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.