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First Report of the Bacterium Thioploca in the Benguela Ecosystem off Namibia

  • V.A. Gallardo (a1), E. Klingelhoeffer (a2), W. Arntz (a3) and M. Graco (a1)

Thioploca are sulphur oxidizing-nitrate reducing gliding filamentous benthic bacteria belonging to the Beggiatoaceae. In this paper we report on the discovery of Thioploca resulting from a commercial fishery survey of Trachurus capensis (horse mackerel) and Merluccius capensis (hake) carried out off Namibia between 18°00·1′S and 25°00·8′S from 4–10 December 1996, on board the RV ‘Welwitschia’. The first positive finding of sheathed, presumably vacuolated, Thioploca in the Benguela Current ecosystem is now reported.

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W.E. Arntz , J. Tarazona , V.A. Gallardo , L.A. Flores & H. Salzwedel , 1991. Benthos communities in oxygen deficient shelf and upper slope areas of the Peruvian and Chilean Pacific coast, and changes caused by El Niño. Geological Society Special Publication, 58, 131154.

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H. Fossing et al., 1995. Concentration and transport of nitrate by the mat-forming sulphur bacterium Thioploca. Nature, London, 374, 713715.

M.J. Larkin & W.R. Strohl , 1983. Beggiatoa, Thiothrix, and Thioploca. Annual Review of Microbiology, 37, 341367.

S. Maier & V.A. Gallardo , 1984. Thioploca araucae sp. nov. and Thioploca chileae sp. nov. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 34, 414418.

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Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
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