A map of the Looe Estuary in south-east Cornwall is shown in Fig. 1. As it flows to the western branch of the estuary, the West Looe River passes through the Herodsfoot mining area which lies about 5 km above Sowden's Bridge. By Cornish standards, this was a productive area for lead and Dewey (1921) gives the output of Herodsfoot mine as 13470 tons of metal between 1848 and 1884 and more than 17 tons of silver between 1853 and 1884.
Anderlini, V., 1974. The distribution of heavy metals in the red abalone Haliotis rufescens, on the California coast. Archives of Environmental Contamination, 2, 253–265.
Boyden, C. R., 1974. Trace element content and body size in molluscs. Nature, London, 251, 311–314.
Boyden, C. R., 1975. Distribution of some trace metals in Poole Harbour, Dorset. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 6, 180–187.
Bryan, G. W., 1969. The absorption of zinc and other metals by the brown seaweed Laminaria digitata. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 49, 225–243.
Bryan, G. W., 1974. Adaptation of an estuarine polychaete to sediments containing high concentrations of heavy metals. In Pollution and Physiology of Marine Organisms (ed. Vernberg, F. J. and Vernberg, W. B.), pp. 123–135. New York and London: Academic Press.
Bryan, G. W., 1976. Some aspects of heavy metal tolerance in aquatic organisms. In Effects of Pollutants on Aquatic Organisms, vol. 2 (ed. Lockwood, A. P. M.), pp. 7–34. Society for Experimental Biology Seminar Series. Cambridge University Press.
Bryan, G. W. & Hummerstone, L. G., 1971. Adaptation of the polychaete Nereis diversicolor to estuarine sediments containing high concentrations of heavy metals. I. General observations and adaptation to copper. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 51, 845–863.
Bryan, G. W. & Hummerstone, L. G., 1973 a. Brown seaweed as an indicator of heavy metals in estuaries in south-west England. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 53, 705–720.
Bryan, G. W. & Hummerstone, L. G., 1973 b. Adaptation of the polychaete Nereis diversicolor to estuarine sediments containing high concentrations of zinc and cadmium. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 53, 839–857.
Bryan, G. W. & Hummerstone, L. G., 1973 c. Adaptation of the polychaete Nereis diversicolor to manganese in estuarine sediments. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 53, 859–872.
Dewey, H., 1921. Lead, silver-lead and zinc ores of Cornwall, Devon and Somerset. Economic Memoirs (Special Reports on Mineral Resources), Geological Survey of the United Kingdom, 21, 72.
Foster, P., 1976. Concentrations and concentration factors of heavy metals in brown algae. Environmental Pollution, 10, 45–53.
Fowler, S. W. & Oregioni, B., 1976. Trace metals in mussels from the N.W. Mediterranean. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 7, 26–29.
Fukai, R. & Murray, C. N., 1974. Environmental behaviour of radiocobalt, and radiosilver released from nuclear power stations into aquatic systems. Radioactivity in the Sea, No. 40, 217–242. Vienna: IAEA.
Goerke, H., 1971. De Ernährungsweise der Nereis - Arten (Polychaeta, Nereidae) der deutschen Küsten. Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Meersforschung in Bremerhaven, 13, 1–50.
Harley, M. B., 1953. The feeding habits of Nereis diversicolor (O. F. Müller). British Journal of Animal Behaviour, 1, 88.
Hughes, R. N., 1969. A study of feeding in Scrobicularia plana. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 49, 805–823.
Hughes, R. N., 1970. Population dynamics of the bivalve Scrobicularia plana (da Costa) on an intertidal mud-flat in North Wales. Journal of Animal Ecology, 39, 333–356.
Luoma, S. N. & Jenne, E. A., 1976. The availability of sediment-bound cobalt, silver and zinc to a deposit-feeding clam. In Biological Implications of Metals in the Environment (ed. Wilding, R. and Drucker, H.). ERDA Publication. (In the Press.)
Morris, A. W. & Bale, A. J., 1975. The accumulation of cadmium, copper, manganese and zinc by Fucus vesiculosus in the Bristol Channel. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science, 3, 153–163.
Murray, C. N. & Murray, L., 1973. Adsorption-desorption equilibria of some radionuclides in sediment-fresh-water and sediment-seawater systems. Radioactivity in the Sea, No. 36, 105–124. Vienna: IAEA.
Pentreath, R. J., 1973. The accumulation from water of65Zn, 54Mn, 58Co and 59Fe by the mussel Mytilus edulis. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 53, 127–143.
Preston, A., Jefferies, D. F., Dutton, J. W. R., Harvey, B. R. & Steele, A. K., 1972. British Isles coastal waters: the concentrations of selected heavy metals in sea water, suspended matter and biological indicators - a pilot survey. Environmental Pollution, 3, 69–82.
Riley, J. P. & Chester, R., 1971. Introduction to Marine Chemistry, xiv, 465 pp. New York and London: Academic Press.
Schulz-Baldes, M., 1974. Lead uptake from sea water and food, and lead loss in the common mussel Mytilus edulis. Marine Biology, 25, 177–193.
Thornton, I., Watling, H. & Darracott, A., 1975. Geochemical studies in several rivers and estuaries used for oyster rearing. Science of the Total Environment, 4, 325–345.
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