Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Manipulation of Cerastoderma edule burrowing ability by Meiogymnophallus minutus metacercariae?

  • Jan Fermer (a1), Sarah C. Culloty (a1) (a2), Thomas C. Kelly (a1) and Ruth M. O'Riordan (a1)

Abstract

Metacercariae of various digenean trematodes are assumed to impair the burrowing capacity of cockles Cerastoderma edule. To reveal if metacercarial infections of the gymnophallid Meiogymnophallus minutus have effects on burrowing and shell closure, a laboratory experiment using cockles with slight and extremely heavy infections was performed at water temperatures of 15, 20, and 25°C. Gaping of the cockle shell valves or other behavioural abnormalities, which have previously been ascribed to M. minutus infections, were not observed. Neither response time nor burrowing time differed significantly between slightly and heavily infected cockles at any of the temperatures tested, suggesting that the effects of the digenean trematode on its second intermediate host are not necessarily as pronounced as proposed by earlier publications, not even when additional environmental stress in the form of high water temperatures is present. Our findings question the hypothesis that M. minutus manipulates the behaviour of C. edule, in order to increase the probability of successful transmission to the avian final host.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence should be addressed to: J. Fermer, Department of Zoology, Ecology and Plant Science, University College Cork, Distillery Fields, North Mall, Cork, Ireland email: j.fermer@mars.ucc.ie

References

Hide All
Blanchet, H., Raymond, N., de Montaudouin, X., Capdepuy, M. and Bachelet, G. (2003) Effects of digenean trematodes and heterotrophic bacteria on mortality and burying capability of the common cockle Cerastoderma edule (L.). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 293, 89105.
Bowers, E.A., Bartoli, P. and James, B.L. (1990) A demonstration of allopatric sibling species within the Gymnophallidae (Digenea). Systematic Parasitology 17, 143152.
Bowers, E.A., Bartoli, P., Russell-Pinto, F. and James, B.L. (1996) The metacercariae of sibling species of Meiogymnophallus, including M. rebecqui comb. nov. (Digenea: Gymnophallidae), and their effects on closely related Cerastoderma host species (Mollusca: Bivalvia). Parasitology Research 82, 505510.
Combes, C. (1980) Les mécanismes de recrutement chez les métazoaires parasites et leur interprétation en termes de stratégies démographiques. Vie et Milieu 30, 5563.
Curtis, L.A. (1993) Parasite transmission in the intertidal zone: vertical migrations, infective stages, and snail trails. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 173, 197209.
Desclaux, C., de Montaudouin, X. and Bachelet, G. (2002) Cockle emergence at the sediment surface: ‘favourization’ mechanism by digenean parasites? Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 52, 137149.
Fermer, J., Culloty, S.C., Kelly, T.C. and O'Riordan, R.M. (2009) Intrapopulational distribution of Meiogymnophallus minutus (Digenea, Gymnophallidae) infections in its first and second intermediate host. Parasitology Research 105, 12311238.
Gam, M., Bazaїri, H., Jensen, K.T. and de Montaudouin, X. (2008) Metazoan parasites in an intermediate host population near its southern border: the common cockle (Cerastoderma edule) and its trematodes in a Moroccan coastal lagoon (Merja Zerga). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 88, 357364.
Gam, M., de Montaudouin, X. and Bazaїri, H. (2009) Do trematode parasites affect cockle (Cerastoderma edule) secondary production and elimination? Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 89, 13951402.
Goater, C.P. (1993) Population biology of Meiogymnophallus minutus (Trematoda: Gymnophallidae) in cockles from the Exe Estuary. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 73, 163177.
Hulscher, J.B. (1973) Burying-depth and trematode infection in Macoma balthica. Netherlands Journal of Sea Research 6, 141156.
Huxham, M., Raffaelli, D. and Pike, A.W. (1995) The effect of larval trematodes on the growth and borrowing behaviour of Hydrobia ulvae (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia) in the Ython estuary, north-east Scotland. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 185, 117.
Jensen, K.T. and Mouritsen, K.N. (1992) Mass mortality in two common soft-bottom invertebrates, Hydrobia ulvae and Corophium volutator—the possible role of trematodes. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 46, 329339.
Jensen, K.T., Castro, N.F. and Bachelet, G. (1999) Infectivity of Himasthla spp. (Trematoda) in cockle (Cerastoderma edule) spat. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 79, 265271.
Jonsson, P.R. and André, C. (1992) Mass mortality of the bivalve Cerastoderma edule on the Swedish west coast caused by infestation with the digenean trematode Cercaria cerastodermae I. Ophelia 36, 151157.
Lauckner, G. (1984) Impact of trematode parasitism on the fauna of a North Sea tidal flat. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 37, 185199.
McCarthy, H.O., Fitzpatrick, S. and Irwin, S.W.B. (2000) A transmissible trematode affects the direction and rhythm of movement in a marine gastropod. Animal Behaviour 59, 11611166.
McCarthy, H.O., Fitzpatrick, S. and Irwin, S.W.B. (2004) Parasite alteration of host shape: a quantitative approach to gigantism helps elucidate evolutionary advantages. Parasitology 128, 714.
Mouritsen, K.N. (1997) Crawling behaviour in the bivalve Macoma balthica: the parasite-manipulation hypothesis revisited. Oikos 79, 513520.
Mouritsen, K.N. (2002) The parasite-induced surfacing behaviour in the cockle Austrovenus stutchburyi: a test of an alternative hypothesis and identification of potential mechanisms. Parasitology 124, 521528.
Mouritsen, K.N. and Poulin, R. (2002) Parasitism, community structure and biodiversity in intertidal ecosystems. Parasitology 124, S101S117.
Poulin, R. (1995) ‘Adaptive’ changes in the behaviour of parasitized animals: a critical review. International Journal for Parasitology 25, 13711383.
Poulin, R. and Thomas, F. (1999) Phenotypic variability induced by parasites: extent and evolutionary implications. Parasitology Today 15, 2832.
Probst, S. and Kube, J. (1999) Histopathological effects of larval trematode infections in mudsnails and their impact on host growth: what causes gigantism in Hydrobia ventrosa (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia)? Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 238, 4968.
Richardson, C.A., Ibarrola, I. and Ingham, R.J. (1993) Emergence pattern and spatial distribution of the common cockle Cerastoderma edule. Marine Ecology Progress Series 99, 7181.
Swennen, C. (1969) Crawling-tracks of trematode infected Macoma balthica (L.). Netherlands Journal of Sea Research 4, 376379.
Thieltges, D.W. (2006a) Parasite induced summer mortality in the cockle Cerastoderma edule by the trematode Gymnophallus choledochus. Hydrobiologia 559, 455461.
Thieltges, D.W. (2006b) Effect of infection by the metacercarial trematode Renicola roscovita on growth in intertidal blue mussel Mytilus edulis. Marine Ecology Progress Series 319, 129134.
Thomas, F. and Poulin, R. (1998) Manipulation of a mollusc by a trophically transmitted parasite: convergent evolution or phylogenetic inheritance? Parasitology 116, 431436.
Wegeberg, A.M. and Jensen, K.T. (1999) Reduced survivorship of Himosthla (Trematoda, Digenea)-infected cockles (Cerastoderma edule) exposed to oxygen depletion. Journal of Sea Research 42, 325331.
Wegeberg, A.M. and Jensen, K.T. (2003) In situ growth of juvenile cockles, Cerastoderma edule, experimentally infected with larval trematodes (Himasthla interrupta). Journal of Sea Research 50, 3743.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Manipulation of Cerastoderma edule burrowing ability by Meiogymnophallus minutus metacercariae?

  • Jan Fermer (a1), Sarah C. Culloty (a1) (a2), Thomas C. Kelly (a1) and Ruth M. O'Riordan (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.