Skip to main content Accessibility help

Re-description of some enigmatic genera of Syllidae (Phyllodocida: Polychaeta)

  • María Teresa Aguado (a1) and Guillermo San Martín (a1)

Several type series of unusual and poorly known genera of Syllidae have been examined. New diagnoses for the following genera and re-descriptions of their type species are provided: Anguillosyllis, Clavisyllis, Lamellisyllis and Nuchalosyllis; Brachysyllis, previously synonymized with Dioplosyllis, is herein considered to be a valid taxon. The species Brachysyllis infuscata is also re-described. Three genera are considered to be non-valid taxa: Braniella, synonymous with Anguillosyllis; Alluaudella, synonymous with Odontosyllis; and Exogonella, synonymous with Parexogone. Their type species herein are re-described and assigned to their corresponding valid genus. Finally, Exogonoides is considered nomina dubia since its relationships with other syllids could not be established. Keys to species of Anguillosyllis and Brachysyllis are also included.

Corresponding author
Correspondoence should be addressed to: María Teresa Aguado Departamento de Biología (Zoología) Facultad de Ciencias Universidad Autónoma de Madrid Canto Blanco 28049 Madrid Spain email:
Hide All
Augener, H. (1922) Litorale Polychaeten von Juan Fernández. In Skottsberg, C. (ed.) The natural history of Juan Fernández and Easter Island. Vol. 3. Zoology. Part 2. Uppsala: Almqvist & Wiksells, pp. 161218.
Böggemann, M. and Purschke, G. (2005) Abyssal benthic Syllidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) from the Angola Basin. Organism, Diversity and Evolution 5, 221226.
Böggemann, M. and Westheide, W. (2004) Interstitial Syllidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) from Mahé (Seychelles). Journal of Natural History 38, 403446.
Claparède, E. (1863) Beobachtungen über Anatomie und Entwicklungsgeschichte wirbelloser Thiere an der Küste von Normandie angestellt. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.
Day, J.H. (1960) The polychaete fauna of South Africa. Part 5. Errant species dredged off Cape coasts. Trustees of the South African Museum 45, 260373.
Day, J.H. (1963) The polychaete fauna of South Africa. Part 8. New species and records from grab samples and dredgings. Trustees of the British Museum 10, 383443.
Day, J.H. (1967) A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Vol. 29. London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History).
Ehlers, E. (1901a) Die Anneliden der Sammlung Plate. Zoologisches Jahrbücher Jena 2, 251272.
Ehlers, E. (1901b) Die Polychäeten des magellanischen und chilenischens Strandes. Ein faunisticher Versuch. Fetschrift zur Feier des Hunderfünfzigjähringen Bestehens des königlichen Gesellschäft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen (Abh. Math.-Phys). Berlin, 232 pp.
Fauchald, K. (1977) The Polychaete worms. Definitions and keys to the orders, families, and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series 28, 1188.
Gidholm, L. (1962) Sur quelques polychètes syllidiens des sables de la région de Roscoff avec description de deux nouvelles espèces. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 3, 249260.
Glasby, C.J. (2000) Family Syllidae. In Beesley, P.L. et al. (eds) Polychaetes and allies: the southern synthesis. Fauna of Australia. Vol. 4. Polychaeta, Myzostomida, Pogonophora, Echiura, Sipuncula, Melbourne: CSIRO Publishing, pp. 161167.
Gravier, Ch. (1905) Sur un nouveau Syllidien, Alluaudella nov. gen., madagascariensis nov. sp. Comptes Rendues International Congres de Zoologie de Berne 6, 372376.
Hartman, O. (1961) Polychaetous annelids from California. Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions Vol. 25. Los Angeles, California: University of Southern California Press.
Hartman, O. (1965) Deep water benthic polychaetous annelids off New England to Bermuda and other North Atlantic areas. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper 28, 1378.
Hartman, O. (1967) Polychaetous annelids collected by the USNS Eltanin and Staten Island Cruises. Chiefly from Antarctic seas. Allan Hancock Monographs in Marine Biology 2, 1387.
Hartman, O. and Fauchald, K. (1971) Deep-water benthic polychaetous annelids off New England to Bermuda and other North Atlantic Areas. Part II. Allan Hancock Monographs in Marine Biology 6, 1327.
Imajima, M. (1966) The Syllidae (polychaetous annelids) from Japan. (III). Eusyllinae. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory 14, 85116.
Imajima, M. and Hartman, O. (1964) The polychaetous annelids of Japan. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper 26, 1452.
Knox, G.A. (1957) Clavisyllis alternata, gen. et sp. nov., a new polychaete from New Zealand. Annual Magazine of Natural History, London (12) 10, 493496.
Kudenov, J. and Harris, L. (1995) Family Syllidae Grube, 1850. In Blake, J. et al. (eds) Taxonomic atlas of benthic fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel. Santa Barbara, California: Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, pp. 197.
Licher, F. (1999) Revision der Gattung Typosyllis Langerhans, 1879 (Polychaeta: Syllidae). Morphologie, Taxonomie und Phylogenie. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Natursforchenden Gesellschaft 551, 1336.
Mesnil, F. and Caullery, M. (1918) Sur l'organisation et la biologie d'un Syllidien Exogone (Parexogone) hebes Webster et Benedict, var. hibernica Southern, habitant un sable compacte. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de la France 42, 126132.
Mueller, G.J. and Fauchald, K. (1976) A new species of Dioplosyllis (Polychaeta: Syllidae) from California. Bulletin of the Southern Academy of Science 75, 1922.
Núñez, J. and San Martín, G. (1992) Presence of Dioplosyllis octodentata Perkins, 1981 (Polychaeta: Syllidae: Eusyllinae) at the coasts of the Canary Islands. Bocagiana 155, 16.
Nygren, A. (1999) Phylogeny and reproduction in Syllidae (Polychaeta). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 126, 365386.
Nygren, A. (2004) Revision of Autolytinae (Syllidae: Polychaeta). Zootaxa 680, 1314.
Nygren, A. and Sundberg, P. (2003) Phylogeny and evolution of reproductive modes in Autolytinae (Syllidae, Annelida). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 29, 235249.
Perkins, T.H. (1981) Syllidae (Polychaeta), principally from Florida, with descriptions of a new genus and twenty-one new species. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 93, 10801172.
Pleijel, F. (2001) Syllidae, Grube, 1850. In Rouse, G.W. and Pleijel, F. (eds) Polychaetes. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 102105.
Rullier, F. and Amoureux, L. (1979) Campagne de la Calypso au large des côtes Atlantiques de l'Amérique du Sud (1961–1962). I. 33. Annélides Polychètes. Annales de l'Institut Océanographique 55, 145206.
San Martín, G. (1991) Grubeosyllis and Exogone (Exogoninae, Syllidae, Polychaeta) from Cuba, the Gulf of Mexico, Florida and Puerto Rico, with a revision of Exogone. Bulletin of Marine Science 49, 715740.
San Martín, G. (2002) A new genus and species of Syllidae (Polychaeta) from Australia brooding eggs dorsally by means of compound notochaetae. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 115, 333340.
San Martín, G. (2003) Annelida, Polychaeta II: Syllidae. In Ramos, M.A. (ed.) Fauna Ibérica Vol. 21. Madrid, Spain: Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, pp. 1554.
San Martín, G. and López, E. (2003) A new genus of Syllidae (Polychaeta) from Western Australia. Hydrobiologia 496, 191197.
San Martín, G. (2005) Exogoninae (Polychaeta: Syllidae) from Australia with the description of a new genus and twenty-two new species. Records of the Australian Museum 57, 39152.
San Martín, G. and Hutchings, P. (2006) Eusyllinae (Polychaeta, Syllidae) from Australia with the description of a new genus and fifteen new species. Records of the Australian Museum 58, 257370.
San Martín, G., Aguado, M.T. and Murray, A. (2007) A new genus and species of Syllidae (Polychaeta) from Australia with unusual morphological characteristics and uncertain systematic position. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 120, 3948.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed