Skip to main content

The settlement behaviour of the larvae of Sabellaria alveolata (L.)

  • Douglas P. Wilson (a1)

Using larvae reared from artificial fertilizations in the laboratory, often for several months, many experiments have been made on factors promoting settlement of Sabellaria alveolata (L.). When at last able to metamorphose after many weeks of pelagic development, the larvae of this species crawl actively over any solid surfaces with which they happen to make contact, seeking indicative characters distinctive of their normal adult environment. If these are not found at once the larvae are able to postpone metamorphosis for weeks if necessary, remaining in a developmental state able both to swim and to crawl. If delayed too long in reaching a favourable environment some may metamorphose in the absence of normal environmental stimuli, others often become incapable of metamorphosing normally and do so abnormally, or they may die without metamorphosing.

Hide All
Cole, H. A. & Knight-Jones, E. W., 1949. The setting behaviour of larvae of the European flat oyster Ostrea edulis L., and its influence on methods of cultivation and spat collection. Fish. Invest., Ser. 2, Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 139.
Crisp, D. J., 1955. The behaviour of barnacle cyprids in relation to water movement over a surface. J. exp. Biol., Vol. 32, pp. 569–90.
Crisp, D. J., 1961. Territorial behaviour in barnacle settlement. J. exp. Biol., Vol. 38, pp. 429–46.
Crisp, D. J. & Barnes, H., 1954. The orientation and distribution of barnacles at settlement with particular reference to surface contour. J. Anim. Ecol., Vol. 23, pp. 142–62.
Crisp, D. J. & Meadows, P. S., 1962. The chemical basis of gregariousness in cirripedes. Proc. Roy. Soc. B, Vol. 156, pp. 500–20.
Crisp, D. J. & Meadows, P. S., 1963. Adsorbed layers: the stimulus to settlement in barnacles. Proc. Roy. Soc. B, Vol. 158, pp. 364–87.
Crisp, D. J. & Ryland, J. S., 1960. Influence of filming and of surface texture on the settlement of marine organisms. Nature, Lond., Vol. 185, p. 119.
Crisp, D. J. & Williams, G. B., 1960. Effect of extracts from fucoids in promoting settlement of epiphytic polyzoa. Nature, Lond., Vol. 188, pp. 1206–7.
Duerden, J. E., 1902. Aggregated colonies in madreporarian corals. Am. Nat., Vol. 36, pp. 461–71.
Edmondson, C. H., 1929. Growth of Hawaiian corals. Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus., No. 58, pp. 138.
Gee, J. M., 1965. Chemical stimulation of settlement in larvae of Spirorbis rupestris (Serpulidae). Animal Behaviour, Vol. 13, pp. 181–6.
Gee, J. M. & Knight-Jones, E. W., 1962. The morphology and larval behaviour of a new species of Spirorbis (Serpulidae). J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., Vol. 42, pp. 641–54.
Gray, J. S., 1966. The attractive factor of intertidal sands to Protodrilus symbioticus. J. mar. biol. Ass. U. K., Vol. 46, pp. 627–45.
Knight-Jones, E. W., 1951. Gregariousness and some other aspects of the setting behaviour of Spirorbis. J. mar. biol. Ass. U. K. Vol. 30, pp. 201–22.
Knight-Jones, E. W., 1953a. Decreased discrimination during setting after prolonged planktonic life in larvae of Spirorbis borealis (Serpulidae). J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., Vol. 32, pp. 337–45.
Knight-Jones, E. W., 1953b. Laboratory experiments on gregariousness during setting in Balanus balanoides and other barnacles. J. exp. Biol., Vol. 30, pp. 584–98.
Knight-Jones, E. W., 1955. The gregarious setting reaction of barnacles as a measure of systematic affinity. Nature, Lond., Vol. 174, p. 266.
Knight-Jones, E. W. & Crisp, D. J., 1953. Gregariousness in barnacles in relation to the fouling of ships and to anti-fouling research. Nature, Lond., Vol. 171, p. 1109.
Knight-Jones, E. W. & Moyse, J., 1961. Intraspecific competition in sedentary marine animals. Symp. Soc. exp. Biol., No. 15, Mechanisms in Biological Competition, pp. 7295.
Knight-Jones, E. W. & Stevenson, J. P., 1950. Gregariousness during settlement in the barnacle Elminius modestus Darwin. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., Vol. 29, pp. 281–97.
Matthews, A., 1916. The development of Alcyonium digitatum with some notes on the early colony formation. Q. Jl microsc. Sci., Vol. 62, pp. 4394
Meadows, P. S. & Anderson, J. G., 1966. Micro-organisms attached to marine and freshwater sand grains. Nature, Lond., Vol. 212, pp. 1059–60.
Meadows, P. S. & Anderson, J. G., 1968. Micro-organisms attached to marine sand grains. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., Vol. 48, pp. 161–75.
Meadows, P. S. & Williams, G. B., 1963. Settlement of Spirorbis borealis Daudin larvae on surfaces bearing films of micro-organisms. Nature, Lond., Vol. 198, pp. 610–1.
Nelson, T. C., 1924. The attachment of oyster larvae. Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole, Vol. 46, pp. 143–51.
Pyefinch, K. A., 1948. Notes on the biology of cirripedes. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., Vol. 27, pp. 464503.
Ryland, J. S., 1959. Experiments on the selection of algal substrates by polyzoan larvae. J. exp. Biol. Vol. 36, pp. 613–31.
Scheltema, R. S., 1961. Metamorphosis of the veliger larvae of Nassarius obsoletus (Gastropoda) in response to bottom sediment. Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole, Vol. 120, pp. 92109.
Silva, P. H. D. H. De, 1962. Experiments on choice of substrata by Spirorbis larvae (Serpulidae). J. exp. Biol., Vol. 39, pp. 483–90.
Thompson, T. E., 1958. The natural history, embryology, larval biology and postlarval development of Adalaria proximo (Alder and Hancock) (Gastropoda Ophisthobranchia). Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc., Ser. B, Vol. 242, pp. 158.
Thompson, T. E., 1962. Studies on the ontogeny of Tritonia hombergi Cuvier (Gastropoda Opisthobranchia). Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc., Ser. B, Vol. 245, pp. 171218.
Thompson, T. E., 1964. Grazing and the life cycles of British nudibranchs. Brit. Ecol. Soc. Symp. No. 4: Grazing in Terrestrial and Marine Environments, pp. 275–97. Oxford: Blackwell.
Thorson, G., 1946. Reproduction and larval development of Danish marine bottom invertebrates, with special reference to the planktonic larvae in the Sound (Øresund). Meddr Kommn. Danm. Fisk.-og Havunders. Ser. Plankton, Bd. 4, No. 1, pp. 1523.
Thorson, G., 1950. Reproductive and larval ecology of marine bottom invertebrates. Biol. Rev., Vol. 25, pp. 145.
Visscher, J. P., 1928. Reactions of the cyprid larvae of barnacles at the time of attachment. Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole, Vol. 54, pp. 327–35.
Vovelle, J., 1965. Le tube de Sabellaria alveolata (L.) annélide polychète Hermellidae et son ciment. Étude écologique, expérimentale, histologique et histochemique. Arch. Zool. exp. gén., T. 106, pp. 1187.
Walton Smith, F. G., 1946. Effect of water currents upon the attachment and growth of barnacles. Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole, Vol. 90, pp. 5170.
Williams, G. B., 1964. The effect of extracts of Fucus serratus in promoting the settlement of larvae of Spirorbis borealis (Polychaeta). J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., Vol. 44, pp. 397414.
Wilson, D. P., 1929. The larvae of the British sabellarians. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., Vol. 15, pp. 221–69.
Wilson, D. P., 1932. On the mitraria larva of Owenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc., Ser. B, Vol. 221, pp. 231334.
Wilson, D. P., 1952. The influence of the nature of the substratum on the metamorphosis of the larvae of marine animals, especially the larvae of Ophelia bicornis Savigny. Ann. Inst. océanogr. Monaco, T. 27, pp. 49156.
Wilson, D. P., 1953. The settlement of Ophelia bicornis Savigny larvae. The 1952 experiments. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., Vol. 32, pp. 209–33.
Wilson, D. P., 1955. The role of micro-organisms in the settlement of Ophelia bicornis Savigny. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., Vol. 34, pp. 531–43.
Wilson, D. P., 1958. Some problems in larval ecology related to the localized distribution of bottom animals. Pp. 87–103 in Perspective in Marine Biology. University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles.
Wilson, D. P., 1968. Some aspects of the development of eggs and larvae of Sabellaria alveolata (L.) J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., Vol. 48, pp. 367–85.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed