Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Temporal and spatial variability of zoobenthos recruitment in a north-east Atlantic marine reserve

  • Marta Ronowicz (a1), Piotr Kukliński (a1) (a2), Kate Lock (a3), Philip B. Newman (a3), Mark Burton (a3) and Jennifer Jones (a3)...
Abstract

Submerged artificial surface imitates newly available habitat for settlement of marine fauna. It also enables study of the timing of benthic larval settlement. Such knowledge is important if the model of possible recovery after disturbance in protected areas is to be assessed. During this study recruitment of sessile benthic invertebrate fauna at spatial and temporal scales was investigated using artificial panels submerged in the Skomer Marine Nature Reserve (Wales, UK). Panels were exchanged monthly between May 2009 and September 2011 (with the exclusion of winter time). Recruitment was highly variable with regard to time and distribution; abundance and number of recruiting species varied significantly between sites (about 2 km apart from each other), depths (6 and 12 m), position on panels (top or underside) and years without any obvious trends. The highest number of individuals and highest values of species richness were at Bernies Rocks, at the greater depth and on the underside surface of panels. Bryozoans were the dominant taxon on panels in each studied year and month. Most macrofaunal species noted on panels exhibit a colonial life strategy with short-lived, non-feeding larval stage. Although many species settle all year round, levels of settlement usually peak in summer months, showing a seasonal recruitment pattern (Bugula fulva, Spirobranchus triqueter, Chorizopora brongniarti and Escharoides coccinea). Some species had a pronounced settlement peak in spring (e.g. Electra pilosa and Balanus crenatus).

Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence should be addressed to: M. Ronowicz, Marine Ecology Department, Institute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Powstańców Warszawy 55, Sopot 81-712, Poland email: martigor1@o2.pl
References
Hide All
Anderson, M.J. and Underwood, A.J. (1994) Effects of substratum on the recruitment and development of an intertidal estuarine fouling assemblage. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 184, 217236.
Bell, J.J., Burton, M., Bullimore, B., Newman, P.B. and Lock, K. (2006) Morphological monitoring of subtidal sponge assemblages. Marine Ecology Progress Series 311, 7991.
Bergquist, P.R. and Sinclair, M.E. (1968) The morphology and behaviour of larvae of some intertidal sponges. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 2, 26437.
Boero, F. (1984) The ecology of marine hydroids and effects of environmental factors: a review. Marine Ecology 5, 93118.
Boyd, M.J. (1972) Fouling community structure and development in Bodega Harbor, California. PhD thesis. University of California, USA.
Bramanti, L., Magagnini, G. and Santangelo, G. (2003) Settlement and recruitment: the first stages in the life cycle of two epibenthic suspension feeders (Corallium rubrum and Anomia ephippium). Italian Journal of Zoology 70, 175178.
Breitburg, D.L. (1984) Residual effects of grazing: inhibition of competitor recruitment by encrusting coralline algae. Ecology 65, 11361143.
Bullimore, B. (1986) Skomer marine nature reserve subtidal monitoring project. Hydrobiologia 142, 340.
Burton, M., Lock, H., Gibbs, R. and Newman, P.B. (2008) Skomer Marine Nature Reserve Project Status Report 2007/08. CCW Regional Report CCW/WW/08/3, 95 pp.
Clarke, K.R. and Warwick, R.M. (2001) Change in marine communities: an approach to statistical analysis and interpretation. 2nd edition. Plymouth: Plymouth Marine Laboratory.
Cotter, E., O'Riordan, R.M. and Myers, A.A. (2003) Recruitment patterns of serpulids (Annelida: Polychaeta) in Bantry Bay, Ireland. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 83, 4148.
Crisp, D.J. (1974) Factors influencing the settlement of marine invertebrate larvae. In Grant, P.T. and Mackie, A.M. (eds) Chemoreception in marine organisms. London and New York: Academic Press, pp. 176265.
Dean, T.A. and Hurd, L.E. (1980) Development in an estuarine fouling community: the influence of earlier colonists on later arrivals. Oecologia 46, 295301.
Gaines, S. and Roughgarden, J. (1985) Larval settlement rate: a leading determinant of structure in an ecological community of the marine intertidal zone. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 82, 37073711.
Glasby, T.M. (1999) Effects of shading on subtidal epibiotic assemblages. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 234, 275290.
Hickman, A.E., Moore, C.M., Sharples, J., Lucas, M.I., Tilstone, G.H., Krivtsov, V. and Holligan, P.M. (2012) Primary production and nitrate uptake within the seasonal thermocline of a stratified shelf sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series 463, 3957.
Hoffmann, V., Pfaff, M.C. and Branch, G.M. (2012) Spatio-temporal patterns of larval supply and settlement of intertidal invertebrates. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 418–419, 8390.
Hunt, H.L. and Scheibling, R.E. (1998) Role of early post-settlement mortality in recruitment of benthic marine invertebrates. Marine Ecology Progress Series 167, 155169.
Hutchinson, N. and Williams, G.A. (2001) Spatio-temporal variation in recruitment on a seasonal, tropical rocky shore: the importance of local versus non-local processes. Marine Ecology Progress Series 215, 5768.
Jackson, J.B.C. (1986) Modes of dispersal of clonal benthic invertebrates: consequences for species' distributions and genetic structure of local populations. Bulletin of Marine Science 39, 588606.
Jonsson, P.R., André, C. and Lindegarth, M. (1991) Swimming behaviour of marine bivalve larvae in a flume boundary-layer flow: evidence for near-bottom confinement. Marine Ecology Progress Series 79, 6776.
Keough, M.J. (1983) Patterns of recruitment of sessile invertebrates in two subtidal habitats. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 66, 213245.
Keough, M.J. and Downes, B.J. (1982) Recruitment of marine invertebrates: the role of active larval choices and early mortality. Oecologia 54, 348352.
Keough, M.J. and Raimondi, P.T. (1996) Responses of settling invertebrate larvae to bioorganic films: effects of large-scale variation in films. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 207, 5978.
Knight-Jones, E.W. (1951) Gregariousness and some other aspects of the setting behaviour of Sipirorbis. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 30, 201222.
Levin, L.A. (1986) Effects of enrichment on reproduction in the opportunistic polychaete Streblospio benedicti (Webster): a mesocosm study. Biological Bulletin 171, 143160.
Lock, H., Burton, M. and Newman, P. (2003) Skomer Marine Nature Reserve Project Status Report. CCW West Area Report, no. 24, 46 pp.
Maldonado, M. and Bergquist, P.R. (2002) Phylum Porifera. In Young, C.M. (ed.) Atlas of marine invertebrate larvae. London: Academic Press, pp. 2150.
Maldonado, M. and Young, C.M. (1996) Effects of physical factors on larval behavior, settlement and recruitment of four tropical demosponges. Ecology 138, 169180.
Mariani, S. (2003) Recruitment in invertebrates with short-lived larvae: the case of the bryozoan Disporella hispida (Fleming). Helgoland Marine Research 57, 4753.
Maturo, F.J.S. (1959) Seasonal distribution and settling rates of estuarine Bryozoa. Ecology 40, 116127.
Maughan, B.C. (2001) The effects of sedimentation and light on recruitment and development of a temperate, subtidal, epifaunal community. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 256, 5971.
Mullineaux, L.S. and Butman, C.A. (1990) Recruitment of encrusting benthic invertebrates: a deep-water experiment on cross seamount. Limnology 35, 409423.
Osman, R.W. (1977) The establishment and development of a marine epifaunal community. Ecological Monographs 47, 3763.
Ólafsson, E.B., Peterson, C.H. and Ambrose, W.G. (1994) Does recruitment limitation structure populations and communities of macro-invertebrates in marine soft sediments: the relative significance of pre- and post-settlement processes. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review 32, 65109.
Pawlik, J.R. and Butman, C.A. (1993) Settlement of a marine tube worm as a function of current velocity: interacting effects of hydrodynamics and behaviour. Limnology and Oceanography 38, 17301740.
Pawlik, J.R., Butman, C.A. and Starczak, V.R. (1991) Hydrodynamic facilitation of gregarious settlement of a reef-building tube worm. Science 251, 421424.
Privitera, D., Noli, M., Falugi, C. and Chiantore, M. (2011) Benthic assemblages and temperature effects on Paracentrotus lividus and Arbacia lixula larvae and settlement. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 407, 611.
Rodriguez, S.R., Ojedal, F.P. and Inestrosa, N.C. (1993) Settlement of benthic marine invertebrates. Marine Ecology Progress Series 97, 193207.
Rouse, G.W. and Pleijel, F. (2001) Polychaetes. New York: Oxford University Press.
Ryland, J.S. (1970) Bryozoans. London: Hutchinson University Library.
Ryland, J.S. (1976) Physiology and ecology of marine bryozoans. Advances in Marine Biology 14, 285443.
Ryland, J.S. (1977) Taxes and tropisms of bryozoans. In Woollacott, R.M. and Zimmer, R.I. (eds) Biology of bryozoans. New York: Academic Press, pp. 411436.
Santangelo, G., Bramanti, L., Rossi, S., Tsounis, G., Vielmini, I., Lott, C. and Gili, J.M. (2012) Patterns of variation in recruitment and post-recruitment processes of the Mediterranean precious gorgonian coral Corallium rubrum. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 411, 713.
Scheltema, R.S. (1971) The dispersal of larvae of shallow water benthic invertebrate species over long distances by ocean currents. In Crisp, D.J. (ed.) Proceedings of 4th European Marine Biology Symposium. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 727.
Shin, P.S. (1981) The development of sessile epifaunal communities in Kylesalia, Kilkieran Bay (west coast of Ireland). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 54, 97111.
Sutherland, J.P. and Karlson, R.H. (1977) Development and stability of the fouling community at Beaufort, North Carolina. Ecological Monographs 47, 425446.
Todd, C.D. (1998) Larval supply and recruitment of benthic invertebrates: do larvae always disperse as much as we believe? Hydrobiologia 375/376, 121.
Thorson, G. (1950) Reproductive and larval ecology of marine bottom invertebrates. Biological Reviews 25, 145.
Turner, S.J. and Todd, C.D. (1993) The early development of epifaunal assemblages on artificial substrata at two intertidal sites on an exposed rocky shore in St. Andrews Bay, N.E. Scotland. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 166, 251272.
Underwood, A.J. and Anderson, M.J. (1994) Seasonal and temporal aspects of recruitment and succession in an intertidal estuarine fouling assemblage. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 74, 563584.
Ward, M.A. and Thorpe, J.P. (1989) Assessment of space utilisation in a subtidal temperate bryozoan community. Marine Biology 103, 215224.
Watson, D.I. and Barnes, D.K.A. (2004) Temporal and spatial components of variability in benthic recruitment, a 5-year temperate example. Marine Biology 145, 201214.
Young, C.M. (1990) Larval ecology on marine invertebrates: a sesquicentennial history. Ophelia 32, 148.
Zea, S. (1993) Recruitment of Demosponges (Porifera, Demospongiae) in rocky and coral reef habitats of Santa Marta, Colombian Carribean. Marine Ecology 14, 121.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed