Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 8
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Suárez-Morales, E. and Violante-Huerta, M. 2016. The epiphytic copepod Metis holothuriae (Edwards, 1891) (Harpacticoida), a new epibiont of the Caribbean manatee. Crustaceana, Vol. 89, Issue. 5, p. 639.

    Kakui, Keiichi and Hiruta, Chizue 2014. Diverse pereopodal secretory systems implicated in thread production in an apseudomorph tanaidacean crustacean. Journal of Morphology, Vol. 275, Issue. 9, p. 1041.

    Rocha, Rosana M. Vieira, Leandro M. Migotto, Alvaro E. Amaral, Antonia Cecília Z. Ventura, Carlos Renato R. Serejo, Cristiana S. Pitombo, Fábio B. Santos, Kátia Christol Simone, Luiz R.L. Tavares, Marcos Lopes, Rubens M. Pinheiro, Ulisses and Marques, Antonio Carlos 2013. The need of more rigorous assessments of marine species introductions: A counter example from the Brazilian coast. Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 67, Issue. 1-2, p. 241.

    Winfield, Ignacio Abarca-Ávila, Mónica Ortiz, Manuel and Ángel Lozano-Aburto, Miguel 2013. Tanaidáceos (Peracarida: Tanaidacea) del Parque Nacional Sistema Arrecifal Veracruzano: listado faunístico y registros nuevos. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad, Vol. 84, Issue. 2, p. 471.

    Alvaro, Maria Chiara Błażewicz-Paszkowycz, Magdalena Davey, Niki and Schiaparelli, Stefano 2011. Skin-digging tanaids: the unusual parasitic behaviour of Exspina typica in Antarctic waters and worldwide deep basins. Antarctic Science, Vol. 23, Issue. 04, p. 343.

    Suárez-Morales, Eduardo Morales-Vela, Benjamín Padilla-Saldívar, Janneth and Silva-Briano, Marcelo 2010. The copepodBalaenophilus manatorum(Ortíz, Lalana and Torres, 1992) (Harpacticoida), an epibiont of the Caribbean manatee. Journal of Natural History, Vol. 44, Issue. 13-14, p. 847.

    Zakhama-Sraieb, Rym Karaa, Sami Bradai, Mohamed Nejmeddine Jribi, Imed and Charfi-Cheikhrouha, Faouzia 2010. Amphipod epibionts of the sea turtles Caretta caretta and Chelonia mydas from the Gulf of Gabès (central Mediterranean). Marine Biodiversity Records, Vol. 3,

    Colón-Llavina, Marlene M. Mignucci-Giannoni, Antonio A. Mattiucci, Simonetta Paoletti, Michela Nascetti, Giuseppe and Williams, Ernest H. 2009. Additional records of metazoan parasites from Caribbean marine mammals, including genetically identified anisakid nematodes. Parasitology Research, Vol. 105, Issue. 5, p. 1239.

  • Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Volume 88, Issue 3
  • May 2008, pp. 591-596

The tanaid Hexapleomera robusta (Crustacea: Peracarida) from the Caribbean manatee, with comments on other crustacean epibionts

  • Benjamín Morales-Vela (a1), Eduardo Suárez-Morales (a1), Janneth Padilla-Saldívar (a1) and Richard W. Heard (a2)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 May 2008

The tanaidaceans are among the most conspicuous and ecologically relevant benthic microcrustaceans in the marine realm but there are only a few records of species of tanaids associated with other marine organisms. During a long-term survey on the biology and distribution of the Caribbean manatee Trichechus manatus manatus Linnaeus in Mexican waters, parasites and epibionts were collected from 47 individuals that were captured for tagging in two bay systems. Well-established epibiotic communities of the tanaidacean Hexapleomera robusta (Moore) were found on eight of these animals; this tanaid crustacean formed patches of tubes adhered to the skin surface. Patches were distributed in different parts of the body surface but mainly along the backbone depression, the caudal zone, and on the lateral margins; in some instances they were related to clusters of barnacles. Highly significant differences of infestation rates were revealed between Chetumal Bay and Ascensión Bay, the latter representing better conditions (high salinity and hydrodynamism) for tanaid invasion and settlement on the manatee. It is speculated that the tanaid is a commensal; no visible damage was found in the host and its presence was not related to skin lesions. The tanaid probably captures suspended particles as the manatee feeds. This is the first confirmed record of a symbiotic association involving a tanaid and the Caribbean manatee. The tanaid species recorded (H. robusta) and the harpacticoid copepod Balaenophilus manatorum (Ortíz, Lalana & Torres), have both been recorded also as epibionts of sea turtles. The tanaid has been known from sea turtles for some time, but the copepod was first recorded from a manatee and was subsequently found on sea turtles a few years later.

Corresponding author
Correspondence should be addressed to: Eduardo Suárez-Morales El Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR) Unidad Chetumal A.P. 424 Chetumal, Quintana Roo 77000Mexico email:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

C.A. Beck and D.J. Forrester (1998) Helminths of the Florida manatee Trichechus manatus latirostris, with a discussion and summary of the parasites of sirenians. Journal of Parasitology 74, 628637.

L.F. Gardiner (1975) A fresh- and brackish-water tanaidacean, Tanais stanfordi Richardson, 1901, from a hypersaline lake in the Galapagos Archipelago, with a report on West Indian specimens. Crustaceana 29, 127140.

M.-S. Kitsos and A. Koukoras (2003) Effects of a tidal current of graded intensity on the midlittoral hard substratum peracaridan fauna in the Aegean Sea. Crustaceana 76, 295306.

E.A. Lazo-Wasem , T. Pinou , A. Peña De Niz , M. Salgado and E. Schenker (2007) New records of the marine turtle epibiont Balaenophilus umigamecolus (Copepoda: Harpacticoida: Balaenophilidae): new host records and possible implications for marine turtle health. Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University 48, 153156.

A.A. Mignucci-Gianonni , E.P. Hoberg , D. Siegel-Causey and E.H. Williams Jr. (1998) Metazoan parasites and other symbionts of cetaceans in the Caribbean. Journal of Parasitology 84, 939946.

K. Ogawa , K. Matsuzaki and H. Misaki (1997) A new species of Balaenophilus (Copepoda: Harpacticoida), an ectoparasite of a sea turtle in Japan. Zoological Science 14, 691700.

E. Suárez-Morales (2007) On the taxonomic status of Balaenophilus umimegacolus Ogawa, Matsuzaki and Misaki, 1997 (Copepoda: Harpacticoida), a symbiont of manatees and sea turtles. Crustaceana 80, 11451150.

J.D. Zardus and M.G. Hadfield (2004) Larval development and complemental males in Chelonibia testudinaria, a barnacle commensal with sea turtles. Journal of Crustacean Biology 24, 409421.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
  • ISSN: 0025-3154
  • EISSN: 1469-7769
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-marine-biological-association-of-the-united-kingdom
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *