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From Fisin to Pijin: Creolization in process in the Solomon Islands

  • Christine Jourdan (a1) and Roger Keesing (a2)
Abstract
ABSTRACT

In a combination of ethnohistorical records and longitudinal data gathered over a period of 30 years, the development of Solomon Islands Pijin is documented and analyzed in light of the current debate surrounding creolization theory. Using a pragmatic definition of a Creole (Jourdan 1991), the authors argue that pidgins can be very elaborate codes even before they become the mother tongue of children, and that this elaboration is the result of the linguistic creativity of adults. It is further shown that, in sociolinguistic niches where adults and children use the pidgin as their main language, the impact of the latter on the evolution of the language is of a different nature. (Creolization theory, pidgin languages, substrate influences, urbanization, Solomon Islands Pijin)

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Philip Baker (1990) Pacific reorientations Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 5 253–69

Philip Baker (1991) Causes and effects Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 6 267–78

Derek Bickerton (1976) Pidgin and Creole studies Annual Review of Anthropology 5 169–93

Derek Bickerton (1992) On the Thomason-Kaufman critique of the bioprogram Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 7 101–05

christine Jourdan (1991) Pidgins and Creoles The blurring of categories Annual Review of Anthropology 20 187209

christine Jourdan (1994) Créohsation, urbanisation et identité aux iles Salomon Journal de la Society des océamstes 99 177–86

Roger Keesing (1988b) Solomon Pidgin pronouns A further look English World-Wide 9 271–92

Roger Keesing (1991) The expansion of Melanesian Pidgin Further early evidence from the Solomons Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 6 215–30

Marc Picard (1991) La fréquence d'emploi et le changement phonétique irrégulier en québécois Revue Québx00E9;coise de Linguisttque 20 157–69

Suzanne Romaine (1989) English and Tok Pisin in Papua New Guinea World Englishes 8 524

Gillian Sankoff , & Penny Brown (1976) The origin of syntax in discourse A case of Tok Pisin relatives Language 52 631–66

John Singler (1986) Short note Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 1 141–45

John Singler (1992) Nativization and pidgin/creole genesis A reply to Bickerton Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 7 319–33

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Language in Society
  • ISSN: 0047-4045
  • EISSN: 1469-8013
  • URL: /core/journals/language-in-society
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