Ash Sharon, & Myhill John. (1986). Linguistic correlates of inter-ethnic contact. In Sankoff D. (ed.), Diversity and diachrony. Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 33–44.
Ashman K. M., Bird C. M., & Zepf S. E. (1994). Detecting bimodality in astronomical datasets. The Astronomical Journal 108:2348–2361.
Baranowski Maciej. (2007). Phonological variation and change in the dialect of Charleston, South Carolina. Publication of the American Dialect Society 92. Durham: Duke University Press.
Baugh John. (1983). Black Street Speech: Its history, structure and survival. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Blake Renée, & Shousterman Cara. (2010). Diachrony and AAE: St. Louis, hip-hop, and sound change outside of the mainstream. Journal of English Linguistics 38:230ff.
Boberg Charles, & Strassel Stephanie M. (2000). Short-a in Cincinnati: A change in progress. Journal of English Linguistics 28:108–126.
Cofer Thomas. (1972). Linguistic variability in a Philadelphia speech community. Phd dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.
Cukor-Avila Patricia, & Bailey Guy. (1996). The spread of the urban AAVE: A case study. In Arnold J., Blake R., & Davidson B. (eds.), Sociolinguistic variation: Data, theory and analysis. . Stanford: CSLI Publications.
Dinkin Aaron. (2009). Boundary communities in the dialectology of New York state. PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.
Evans Betsy E., Ito Rika, Jones Jamila, & Preston Dennis R. (2006). How to get to be one kind of Midwesterner: Accommodation to the Northern Cities Chain Shift. In Murray T. & Simon B. L. (eds.), Language variation and change in the American Midland. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 179–197.
Fasold R. W. (1972). Tense marking in Black English. Washington, DC Center for Applied Linguistics.
Ferguson Charles A. (1975). “Short a” in Philadelphia English. In Smith M. Estellie (ed.), Studies in linguistics in honor of George L. Trager. The Hague: Mouton. 259–274.
Fruehwald Josef. (2013). The phonological influence on phonetic change. PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.
Gooden Shelome, & Eberhardt Maeve. (2007). Local identity and ethnicity in Pittsburgh AA. University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics 13:81–94.
Graff David, Labov William, & Harris Wendell. (1986). Testing listeners' reactions to phonological markers. In Sankoff D. (ed.), Diversity and diachrony. Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 45–58.
Henderson Anita. (1996). The short-a pattern of Philadelphia among African American speakers. Penn Working Papers in Linguistics 3:127–140.
Hershberg Theodore, Burstein Alan N., Ericksen Eugene P., Greenberg Stephanie, & Yancey William L. (1981). A tale of three cities: Black, immigrants and opportunity in Philadelphia, 1850–1880, 1930, 1970. In Hershberg T. (ed.), Philadelphia: Work, space, family and group experience in the nineteenth century. New York: Oxford University Press. 461–495.
Jones Jamila. (2003). African Americans and the Northern Cities Vowel Shift: Language contact and accommodation. Unpublished dissertation, Michigan State University.
Labov William. (1989). The exact description of the speech community: Short-a in Philadelphia. In Fasold R. & Schiffrin D. (eds.), Language change and variation. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press. 1–57.
Labov William. (2001). Principles of linguistic change. Vol. 2: Social factors. Oxford: Blackwell.
Labov William. (2007). Transmission and diffusion. Language 83:344–387.
Labov William. (2012). What is to be learned? Review of Cognitive Linguistics 10:265–293.
Labov William. (2013). Dialect diversity in America: The politics of language change. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.
Labov William. (Submitted). The regularity of regular sound change. Submitted to Language.
Labov William, Ash Sharon, & Boberg Charles. (2006). Atlas of North American English: Phonology and sound change. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Labov William, Cohen P., Robins C., & Lewis J. (1968). A study of the non-standard English of Negro and Puerto Rican speakers in New York City. Cooperative Research Report 3288. 2 vols. Available at: http://www.eric.ed.gov. Vol. I: ERIC ED 028423; Vol. II: ERIC ED 028424.
Labov William, & Harris Wendell A. (1986). De facto segregation of black and white vernaculars. In Sankoff D. (ed.), Diversity and diachrony. Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 1–24.
Labov William, Rosenfelder Ingrid, & Fruehwald Josef. (2013). 100 years of sound change in Philadelphia: Linear incrementation, reversal and re-analysis. Language 89:30–66.
Massey Douglas S., & Denton Nancy A. (1993). American apartheid: Segregation and the making of the underclass. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Mitchell-Kernan Claudia. (1969). Language behavior in a black urban community. Monographs of the Language-Behavior Research Laboratory 2. Berkeley: University of California.
Myhill John. (1988). Postvocalic /r/ as an index of integration into the BEV speech community. American Speech 63:203–213.
Purnell Thomas. (2010). The vowel phonology of urban SE Wisconsin. In Yaeger-Dror M. & Thomas E. (eds.), African American English Speakers and Their Participation in Local Sound Changes: A Comparative Study (special issue of American Speech, Publications of the American Dialect Society PADS #94). Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press. 191–217.
Rickford John R., Ball Arnetha, Blake Renée, Jackson Raina, & Martin Nomi. (1991). Rappin on the copula coffin: Theoretical and methodological issues in the analysis of copula variation in African-American Vernacular English. Language Variation and Change 3:103–132.
Wolfram Walt. (1969). A sociolinguistic description of Detroit Negro speech. Arlington: Center for Applied Linguistics.