Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Unique thallium mineralization in the fumaroles of Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. I. Markhininite, TlBi(SO4)2

  • Oleg I. Siidra (a1), Lidiya P. Vergasova (a2), Sergey V. Krivovichev (a1) (a3), Yuri L. Kretser (a4), Anatoly N. Zaitsev (a5) and Stanislav K. Filatov (a1)...
Abstract

Markhininite, ideally TlBi(SO4)2, was found in a fumarole of the 1st cinder cone of the North Breach of the Great Fissure Tolbachik volcano eruption (1975–1976), Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. Markhininite occurs as white pseudohexagonal plates associated with shcherbinaite, pauflerite, bobjonesite, karpovite, evdokimovite and microcrystalline Mg, Al, Fe and Na sulfates. Markhininite is triclinic, P1̄ , a = 7.378(3), b = 10.657(3), c = 10.657(3) Å , α = 61.31(3), β = 70.964(7), γ = 70.964(7)º, V = 680.2(4) Å3, Z = 4 (from single-crystal diffraction data). The eight strongest lines of the X-ray powder diffraction pattern are (I/d/hkl): 68/4.264/111, 100/3.441/113, 35/3.350/222, 24/3.125/122, 23/3.054/202, 45/2.717/022, 20/2.217/331, 34/2.114/204. Chemical composition determined by electron microprobe analysis is (wt.%): Tl2O 35.41, Bi2O3 38.91, SO3 25.19, total 99.51. The empirical formula based on 8 O a.p.f.u. is Tl1.04Bi1.05S1.97O8. The simplified formula is TlBi(SO4)2, which requires Tl2O 35.08, Bi2O3 38.48, SO3 26.44, total 100.00 wt.%. The crystal structure was solved by direct methods and refined to R1 = 0.055 on the basis of 1425 independent observed reflections. The structure contains four Tl+ and two Bi3+ sites in holodirected symmetrical coordination. BiO8 tetragonal antiprisms and SO4 tetrahedra in markhininite share common O atoms to produce [Bi(SO4)2] layers of the yavapaiite type. The layers are parallel to (111) and linked together through interlayer Tl+ cations. The mineral is named in honour of Professor Yevgeniy Konstantinovich Markhinin (b. 1926), Institute of Volcanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Kamchatka peninsula, Russia, in recognition of his contributions to volcanology. Markhininite is the first oxysalt compound that contains both Tl and Bi in an ordered crystal structure.

Copyright
Corresponding author
* E-mail: o.siidra@spbu.ru
References
Hide All
Alkemper, J. and Fuess, H. (1998) The crystal structures o f NaMgPO 4, Na2 C a M g (PO4) 2 a n d Na18Ca13Mg5(PO4)18: new examples for glaserite related structures. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 213, 282–287.
Baker, R.G.A., Rehkämper, M., Hinkley, T.K., Nielsen, S.G. and Toutain, J.P. (2009) Investigation of thallium fluxes from subaerial volcanism – implications for the present and past mass balance of thallium in the oceans. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73, 6340–6359.
Balić-Žunić, T. and Vickovic, I. (1996) IVTON - program for the calculation of geometrical aspects of crystal structures and some crystal chemical applications. Journal of Applied Crystallography, 29, 305–306.
Balić-Žunić, T., Moelo, Y., Loncar, Z. and Micheelsen, H. (1994) Dorallcharite, Tl0.8K0.2Fe3(SO4)2(OH)6, a new member of the jarosite-alunite family. European Journal of Mineralogy, 6, 255–263.
Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E. and Jakobsson, S.P. (2009) Eldfellite, NaFe(SO4)2, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 73, 51–57.
Brown, I.D. and Faggiani, R. (1980) The structure of thallium(I) tetraacetatothallate(III): when is the lone pair of electrons on TlI stereoactive? Acta Crystallographica, B36, 1802–1806.
Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. and Gramaccioli, C.M. (2008) Hephaistosite, TlPb2Cl5 a new mineral species from La Fossa crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. The Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 701–708.
CNMNC (2013) IMA list of minerals. http://pubsites.uws.edu.au/ima-cnmnc/ [Accessed on 15/07/2013].
Daiyan, C., Guanxin, W., Zhenxi, Z. and Yuming, C. (2001) A new mineral – lanmuchangite. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 21, 271–277.
Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M. and Campostrini, I. (2009) Steropesite, Tl3BiCl6, a new thallium bismuth chloride from La Fossa crater, Vulcano, Aeolian islands, Italy. The Canadian Mineralogist, 47, 373–380.
Fedotov, S.A. (editor) (1984) Large Tolbachik Fissure Eruption. Kamchatka 1975–1976. Nauka, Moscow.
Fedotov, S.A. and Markhinin, Y.K. (editors) (2011) The Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption: Geological and Geophysical Data 1975–1976. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Filatov, S.K., Vergasova, L.P., Siidra, O.I., Krivovichev, S.V. and Kretser, Y.L. (2013) Markhininite, IMA 2012-040. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 2; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 1–12.
IMA No. 2012-045. Giester, G. (1995) Crystal structure of KMn3+(SeO4)2 – a triclinic distorted member of the yavapaiite family. Mineralogy and Petrology, 53, 165–171.
Graeber, E.J. and Rosenzweig, A. (1971) The crystal structures of yavapaiite, KFe(SO4)2, and goldichite, KFe(SO4)2(H2O)4. American Mineralogist, 56, 1917–1933.
Hawthorne, F.C. (2012) A bond-topological approach to theoretical mineralogy: crystal structure, chemical composition and chemical reactions. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 39, 841–874.
Hawthorne, F.C., Krivovichev, S.V. and Burns, P.C. (2000) The crystal chemistry of sulfate minerals. Pp. 1–112. in: Sulfate Minerals: Crystallography, Geochemistry, and Environmental Significance (Alpers, C.N., Jambor, J.L. and Nordstrom, D.K., editors). Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 40. Mineralogical Society of America and the Geochemical Society, Washington, DC.
Johan, Z. and Mantienne, J. (2000) Thallium-rich mineralization at Jas Roux, Hautes-Alpes, France: a complex epithermal, sediment-hosted, ore-forming system. Journal of the Czech Geological Society, 45, 63–77.
Karup-Møller, S. and Makovicky, E. (2011) Mineral X, a new thalcusite homologue from the Ilímaussaq complex, South Greenland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, 59, 13–22.
Kellerhals, T., Tobler, L., Brütsch, S., Sigl, M., Wacker, L., Gäggeler, H.W. and Schwikowski, M. (2010) Thallium as tracer for preindustrial volcanic eruptions in the ice core record from Illimani, Bolivia. Environmental Science & Technology, 44, 888–893.
Kolitsch, U., Maczka, J. and Hanuza, J. (2003) NaAl(MoO4)2: a rare structure type among layered yavapaiite-related AM(XO4)2 compounds. Acta Crystallographica, E59, i10–i13.
Kovalenker, V.A., Laputina, I.P., Evstigneeva, T.L. and Izoitko, V.M. (1976) Thalcusite Cu3-xTl2Fe1+xS4 new sulphide of thallium from coppernickel ores of the Talnakh deposit. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 105, 202–206.
Krivovichev, S.V. (2009) Structural Crystallography of Inorganic Oxysalts. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
Krivovichev, S.V., Vergasova, L.P., Filatov, S.K., Rybin, D.S., Britvin, S.N. and Ananiev, V.V. (2013a) Hatertite, Na2(Ca, Na)(Fe3+, Cu)2(AsO4)3, a new alluaudite-group mineral from Tolbachik fumaroles, Kamchatka peninsula, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25, 683–691.
Krivovichev, S.V., Mentré, O., Siidra, O.I., Colmont, M. and Filatov, S.K. (2013b) Anion-centered tetrahedra in inorganic compounds. Chemical Reviews, 113, 6459–6535.
Li, Y.-H. and Schoonmaker, J.E. (2003) Chemical composition and mineralogy of marine sediments. Pp. 1–35. in: Treatise on Geochemistry, Vol. 7. Sediments, Diagenesis, and Sedimentary Rocks (F.T. Mackenzie, editor). Elsevier-Pergamon, Oxford, UK.
Makovicky, E. and Balić-Žunić, T. (1998) New measure of distortion for coordination polyhedra. Acta Crystallographica, B54, 766–773.
Markhinin, E.K. (1967) The Role of Volcanism in Formation of the Earth’s Crust. Nauka, Moscow.
Murashko, M.N., Pekov, I.V., Krivovichev, S.V., Chernyatyeva, A.P., Yapaskurt, V.O., Zadov, A.E. and Zelensky, M.E. (2013) Steklite, KAl(SO4)2: a finding at the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia, validating its status as a mineral species and crystal structure. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55, 594–600.
Naboko, S.I. and Glavatskikh, S.F. (1984) Post-eruption process. Pp. 309–340. in: Large Tolbachik Fissure Eruption. Kamchatka 1975–1976. (S.A. Fedotov, editor). Nauka, Moscow.
Palme, H. and O’Neill, H.St.C. (2003) Cosmochemical estimates of mantle composition. Pp. 1–38. in: Treatise on Geochemistry, Vol. 2. The Mantle and Core (R.W. Carlson, editor). Elsevier-Pergamon, Oxford, UK.
Pekov, I.V., Zelenski, M.E., Zubkova, N.V., Ksenofontov, D.A., Kabalov, Y.K., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Zadov, A.E. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2012a) Krasheninnikovite, KNa2CaMg(SO4)3F, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. American Mineralogist, 97, 1788–1795.
Pekov, I.V., Zelenski, M.E., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Chukanov, N.V., Belakovskiy, D.I. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2012b) Calciolangbeinite, K2Ca2(SO4)3, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 673–682.
Pekov, I.V., Zelenski, M.E., Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S. and Murashko, M.N. (2013a) Starovaite, KCu5O(VO4)3, a new mineral from fumarole sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25, 91–96.
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Zelenski, M.E., Yapaskurt, V.O., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Fadeeva, O.A. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2013b) Yaroshevskite, Cu9O2(VO4)4Cl2, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 107–116.
Prytulak, J., Nielsen, S.G., Plank, T., Barker, M. and Elliott, T. (2013) Assessing the utility of thallium and thallium isotopes for tracing subduction zone inputs to the Mariana arc. Chemical Geology, 345, 139–149.
Roberts, A.C., Venance, K.E., Seward, T.M., Grice, J.D. and Paar, W.H. (2006) Lafossaite, a new mineral from the La Fossa Crater, Vulcano, Italy. Mineralogical Record, 37, 165–168.
Rudnick, R.L. and Gao, S. (2003) The composition of the continental crust. Pp. 1–64. in: Treatise on Geochemistry, Vol. 3. The Crust (R.L. Rudnick, editor). Elsevier-Pergamon, Oxford, UK.
Sarukhanyan, N.L., Iskhakova, L.D. and Trunov, V.K. (1983) Crystal structure of RbEu(SO4)2 . Kristallografiya, 28, 452–456.
Shimoni-Livny, L., Glusker, J.P. and Bock, C.W. (1998) Lone pair functionality in divalent lead compounds. Inorganic Chemistry, 37, 1853–1867.
Shuvalov, R.R., Vergasova, L.P., Semenova, T.F., Filatov, S.K., Krivovichev, S.V., Siidra, O.I. and Rudashevsky, N . S . (2013) P r e w i t t i t e , KPb1.5Cu6Zn(SeO3)2O2Cl10, a new mineral from Tolbachik Fumaroles, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia: description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist, 98, 463–469.
Siidra, O.I., Vergasova, L.P., Kretser, Y.L., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Filatov, S.K. and Krivovichev, S.V. (2014a) Unique thallium mineralization in the fumaroles of Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka P e n i n s u l a , R u s s i a . I I . K a r p o v i t e , Tl2VO(SO4)2(H2O). Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1699–1709.
Siidra, O.I., Vergasova, L.P., Kretser, Y.L., Polekhovsky, Y.S., Filatov, S.K. and Krivovichev, S.V. (2014b) Unique thallium mineralization in the fumaroles of Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Penins u l a , R u s s i a . I I I . Evdokimo v i t e , Tl4(VO)3(SO4)5(H2O)5. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1711–1724.
Speck, A.L. (2003) Single-crystal structure validation with the program PLATON. Journal of Applied Crystallography, 36, 7–13.
Starova, G.L., Vergasova, L.P., Filatov, S.K., Britvin, S.N. and Anan’ev, V.V. (2012) Lammerite-b, Cu3(AsO4)2, a new mineral from fumaroles of the Great Fissure Tolbachik eruption, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 54, 565–569.
Styszynski, J. (2010) Challenges and advances in computational chemistry and physics. Pp. 99–164. in: Relativistic Methods for Chemists Vol. 10 (Barysz, M. and Ishikawa, J., editors). Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
Zelenski, M.E., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Boldyreva, M.M., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. and Nekrasov, A.N. (2011) Pseudolyonsite, Cu3(VO4)2, a new mineral species from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 23, 475–481.
Zelenski, M.E., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Polekhovsky, Y.S. and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2012) Cupromolybdite, Cu3O(MoO4)2, a new fumarolic mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 749–757.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Mineralogical Magazine
  • ISSN: 0026-461X
  • EISSN: 1471-8022
  • URL: /core/journals/mineralogical-magazine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed