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The Date and Content of P. Antinoopolis 12 (0232)

  • Michael J. Kruger (a1)

P. Antinoopolis 12 (Aland 0232), a miniature codex containing remnants of 2 John, was considered by C. H. Roberts to be our earliest copy of this short epistle (third century) and also evidence of an early Johannine corpus. However, upon closer examination, both of these claims appear to be problematic. This article will argue that P.Ant. 12 is most likely a fifth-century codex (not third) and that it was far too small to have carried the entire Johannine corpus. Although there is no combination of books that fits perfectly into this codex, the most plausible suggestion seems to be that P.Ant. 12 originally held the book of Hebrews and the Catholic Epistles.

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C. E. Hill , The Johannine Corpus in the Early Church (Oxford: Oxford University, 2004) 449–64

Kurt Aland et al., Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testaments (Berlin: W. de Gruyter, 2nd ed.1994) 38

M. J. Kruger , ‘P.Oxy. 840: Amulet or Miniature Codex?’, JTS 53 (2002) 8194

T. J. Kraus , ‘P.Oxy. V 840—Amulett oder Miniaturkodex? Grundsätzliche und ergänzende Anmerkungen zu zwei Termini’, ZAC 8 (2004) 485–97

Thomas J. Kraus , Ad fontes: Original Manuscripts and their Significance for Studying Early Christianity (Leiden: Brill, 2007) 4767

T. de Bruyn , ‘Papyri, Parchments, Ostraca, and Tablets Written with Biblical Texts in Greek and Used as Amulets: A Preliminary List’, Christian Manuscripts: Examples of Applied Method and Approach (ed. T. J. Kraus and T. Nicklas ; Leiden: Brill, 2010) 145–89

T. J. Kraus , ‘Reconstructing Fragmentary Manuscripts—Chances and Limitations’, Early Christian Manuscripts: Examples of Applied Method and Approach (ed. T. J. Kraus and T. Nicklas ; Leiden: Brill, 2010) 138

D. Trobisch , The First Edition of the New Testament (Oxford: Oxford University, 2000)

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New Testament Studies
  • ISSN: 0028-6885
  • EISSN: 1469-8145
  • URL: /core/journals/new-testament-studies
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