Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 19
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Alfaro-Saiz, E. Alonso-Redondo, R. Rodríguez, A. Ruiz de Gopegui, J. A. García, L. and García-González, M. 2016. A combined approach of methods for determining the regional assessment of the disjunct plantPrimula pedemontanain Spain. Plant Biosystems - An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, p. 1.

    Fois, Mauro Cuena-Lombraña, Alba Fenu, Giuseppe Cogoni, Donatella and Bacchetta, Gianluigi 2016. The reliability of conservation status assessments at regional level: Past, present and future perspectives on Gentiana lutea L. ssp. lutea in Sardinia. Journal for Nature Conservation, Vol. 33, p. 1.

    Kabiel, Hanan F. Hegazy, Ahmad K. Lovett-Doust, Lesley Al-Rowaily, Saud L. and Borki, Abd El-Nasser El 2016. Demography of the threatened endemic shrub, Arbutus pavarii, in the Al-Akhdar mountainous landscape of Libya. Journal of Forestry Research,

    Rossi, Graziano Orsenigo, Simone Montagnani, Chiara Fenu, Giuseppe Gargano, Domenico Peruzzi, Lorenzo Wagensommer, Robert P. Foggi, Bruno Bacchetta, Gianluigi Domina, Gianniantonio Conti, Fabio Bartolucci, Fabrizio Gennai, Matilde Ravera, Sonia Cogoni, Annalena Magrini, Sara Gentili, Rodolfo Castello, Miris Blasi, Carlo and Abeli, Thomas 2016. Is legal protection sufficient to ensure plant conservation? The Italian Red List of policy species as a case study. Oryx, Vol. 50, Issue. 03, p. 431.

    Fenu, G. Cogoni, D. Pinna, M.S. and Bacchetta, G. 2015. Threatened Sardinian vascular flora: A synthesis of 10 years of monitoring activities. Plant Biosystems - An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, Vol. 149, Issue. 3, p. 473.

    Fenu, Giuseppe Cogoni, Donatella Sulis, Elena and Bacchetta, Gianluigi 2015. Ecological response to human trampling and conservation status ofHelianthemum caput-felis(Cistaceae) at the eastern periphery of its range. Acta Botanica Gallica, Vol. 162, Issue. 3, p. 191.

    Foggi, Bruno Viciani, Daniele Baldini, Riccardo M. Carta, Angelino and Guidi, Tommaso 2015. Conservation assessment of the endemic plants of the Tuscan Archipelago, Italy. Oryx, Vol. 49, Issue. 01, p. 118.

    Gentili, R. Fenu, G. Labra, M. Bruni, I. Mattana, E. and Bacchetta, G. 2015. Lamyropsisgenus in the Mediterranean area: Phylogenetic position ofL. microcephala(Asteraceae: Cardueae). Plant Biosystems - An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, Vol. 149, Issue. 6, p. 944.

    Ballantyne, Mark Gudes, Ori and Pickering, Catherine Marina 2014. Recreational trails are an important cause of fragmentation in endangered urban forests: A case-study from Australia. Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 130, p. 112.

    Li, Bo Zhang, Zhiyong and Zhang, Dianxiang 2014. Conservation status of the unique population of Wenchengia alternifolia, an enigmatic plant endemic to Hainan Island, China. Oryx, Vol. 48, Issue. 03, p. 354.

    Ren, Hai Jian, Shuguang Chen, Yongju Liu, Hong Zhang, Qianmei Liu, Nan Xu, Yi and Luo, Jian 2014. Distribution, status, and conservation of Camellia changii Ye (Theaceae), a Critically Endangered plant endemic to southern China. Oryx, Vol. 48, Issue. 03, p. 358.

    Bacchetta, Gianluigi Fenu, Giuseppe Guarino, Riccardo Mandis, Giovanni Mattana, Efisio Nieddu, Giovanni and Scudu, Carmine 2013. Floristic Traits and Biogeographic Characterization of the Gennargentu Massif (Sardinia). Candollea, Vol. 68, Issue. 2, p. 209.

    Bacchetta, G. Fenu, G. Gentili, R. Mattana, E. and Sgorbati, S. 2013. Preliminary assessment of the genetic diversity inLamyropsis microcephala(Asteraceae). Plant Biosystems - An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, Vol. 147, Issue. 2, p. 500.

    Ballantyne, Mark and Pickering, Catherine Marina 2013. Tourism and recreation: a common threat to IUCN red-listed vascular plants in Europe. Biodiversity and Conservation, Vol. 22, Issue. 13-14, p. 3027.

    Fenu, Giuseppe Cogoni, Donatella Ulian, Tiziana and Bacchetta, Gianluigi 2013. The impact of human trampling on a threatened coastal Mediterranean plant: The case of Anchusa littorea Moris (Boraginaceae). Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, Vol. 208, Issue. 2, p. 104.

    Bacchetta, Gianluigi Fenu, Giuseppe and Mattana, Efisio 2012. A checklist of the exclusive vascular flora of Sardinia with priority rankings for conservation. Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid, Vol. 69, Issue. 1, p. 81.

    Mattana, Efisio Fenu, Giuseppe and Bacchetta, Gianluigi 2012. Seed Production andin SituGermination ofLamyropsis microcephala(Asteraceae), a Threatened Mediterranean Mountain Species. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, Vol. 44, Issue. 3, p. 343.

    Mattana, E. Fenu, G. and Bacchetta, G. 2012. Regional responsibility for plant conservation: The 2010 GSPC Target 8 in Sardinia. Plant Biosystems - An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, p. 1.

    Pisanu, Stefania Farris, Emmanuele Filigheddu, Rossella and García, Maria Begoña 2012. Demographic effects of large, introduced herbivores on a long-lived endemic plant. Plant Ecology, Vol. 213, Issue. 10, p. 1543.


Distribution, status and conservation of a Critically Endangered, extremely narrow endemic: Lamyropsis microcephala (Asteraceae) in Sardinia

  • Giuseppe Fenu (a1), Efisio Mattana (a1) and Gianluigi Bacchetta (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 04 May 2011

The aims of this work were to verify the distribution and population size of Lamyropsis microcephala (Asteraceae), characterize its habitat, assess its conservation status and initiate conservation measures for this Critically Endangered species. Distribution was determined by field surveys and mapping. To estimate population size and density 81 permanent monitoring plots were randomly established. Ex situ conservation measures were activated by harvesting and appropriate storage of seed. We confirmed the presence of L. microcephala at two previously known sites and found it in two previously unknown localities. The areas in which the species occur vary from 200 to 240,000 m2, at altitudes of 1,450–1,820 m, on slopes of 15–45° with aspects from north to west. The estimated number of ramets per population varied from c. 2,000 to c. 2,000,000, with a mean density of 8.29 ± SD 14.3 to 10.33 ± SD 10.05 ramets m-2. Our findings confirmed the Critically Endangered status of this species, although with different criteria. This study is an example of an integrated approach for the conservation of an extremely narrow endemic plant species and may be useful for other little-known threatened species for which urgent conservation measures are needed.

Corresponding author
*Centro Conservazione Biodiversità, Dipartimento di Scienze Botaniche—Università degli Studi di Cagliari. Viale S. Ignazio da Laconi, 13–09123 Cagliari, Italy. E-mail
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

H.D. Allen (2001) Mediterranean Ecogeography. Pearson Education, Harlow, UK.

A. Bakkenes , J.R.M. Alkemade , F. Ihle , R. Leemans & J.B. Latour (2002) Assessing effects of forecasted climate change on the diversity and distribution of European higher plants for 2050. Global Change Biology, 8, 390407.

B.M. Benito , M.M. Martínez-Ortega , L.M. Muñoz , J. Lorite & J. Peñas (2009) Assessing extinction-risk of endangered plants using species distribution models: a case study of habitat depletion caused by the spread of greenhouses. Biodiversity and Conservation, 18, 25092520.

J.M. Bullock , B.C. Hill & J. Silvertown (1994) Demography of Cirsium vulgare in a grazing experiment. Journal of Ecology, 82, 101111.

M.B. Davis & R.G. Shaw (2001) Range shifts and adaptive responses to quaternary climate change. Science, 292, 673679.

S. Diana Corrias (1977) Le piante endemiche della Sardegna: 6-7. Bollettino Società Sarda di Scienze Naturali, 16, 287294.

D.H. Duncan , A.B. Nicotra , J.T. Wood & S.A. Cunningham (2004) Plant isolation reduces outcross pollen receipt in a partially self-compatible herb. Journal of Ecology, 92, 977985.

J. Ehrlén , K. Syrjänen , R. Leimu , M.B. García & K. Lethilä (2005) Land use and population growth of Primula veris: an experimental demographic approach. Journal of Applied Ecology, 42, 317325.

M. Fischer & D. Matthies (1998) Effects of population size on performance in the rare plant Gentianella germanica. Journal of Ecology, 86, 195204.

J. Francisco-Ortega , A. Santos-Guerra , S.C. Kim & D.J. Crawford (2000) Plant genetic diversity in the Canary Islands: a conservation perspective. American Journal of Botany, 87, 909919.

GBIF (2011) Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Http:// [accessed 2 February 2011].

J.P. Gibbs (2001) Demography versus habitat fragmentation as determinants of genetic variation in wild populations. Biological Conservation, 100, 1520.

M. Gottfried , H. Pauli , K. Reiter & G. Grabeherr (1999) A fine-scaled predictive model for changes in species distribution patterns of high mountain plants induced by climate warming. Diversity and Distributions, 5, 241251.

P.C. Grammont de & A.D. Cuarón (2006) An evaluation of threatened species categorization systems used on the American continent. Conservation Biology, 20, 1427.

M. Hoffman , T.M. Brooks , G.A.B. da Fonseca , C. Gascon , A.F.A. Hawkins , R.E. James . (2008) Conservation planning and the IUCN Red List. Endangered Species Research, 6, 113125.

IUCN (2001) IUCN Red List categories v. 3.1. IUCN Species Survival Commission Re-introduction Specialist Group, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN (2008) Guidelines for Using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria v. 7.0. Standards and Petitions Working Group of the IUCN Species Survival Commission Biodiversity Assessments Sub-Committee, August 2008.

IUCN (2010b) Threats Classification Scheme v. 3.0. Http:// [accessed 25 January 2010].

L.R. Iverson & A.M. Prasad (1998) Predicting abundance of 80 tree species following climate change in the Eastern United States. Ecological Monographs, 68, 465485.

E. Jongejans , N. de Vere & H. Kroon de (2008) Demographic vulnerability of the clonal and endangered meadow thistle. Plant Ecology, 198, 225240.

G. Kazakisv , D. Ghosn , I.N. Vogiatzakis & V.P. Papanastasis (2007) Vascular plant diversity and climate change in the alpine zone of the Lefka Ori, Crete. Biodiversity and Conservation, 16, 16031615.

A. Kolb & M. Diekmann (2005) Effects of life-history traits on responses of plant species to forest fragmentation. Conservation Biology, 19, 929938.

R. Lande (1988) Genetic and demography in biological conservation. Science, 241, 14551460.

S. Lavergne , M. Debussche & J.D. Thompson (2005) Limitations on reproductive success in endemic Aquilegia viscosa (Ranunculaceae) relative to its widespread congener Aquilegia vulgaris: the interplay of herbivory and pollination. Oecologia, 142, 212220.

J. Lienert (2004) Habitat fragmentation effects on fitness of plant populations—a review. Journal for Nature Conservation, 12, 5372.

E. Mattana , M.I. Daws & G. Bacchetta (2009) Seed dormancy and germination ecology of Lamyropsis microcephala: a mountain endemic species of Sardinia (Italy). Seed Science and Technology, 37, 491497.

D. Matthies , I. Bräuer , W. Maibom & T. Tscharntke (2004) Population size and the risk of local extinction: empirical evidence from rare plants. Oikos, 105, 481488.

F. Médail & K. Diadema (2009) Glacial refugia influence plant diversity patterns in the Mediterranean Basin. Journal of Biogeography, 36, 13331345.

N. Myers , R.A. Mittermeier , C.G. Mittermeier , G.A.B. da Fonseca & J. Kents (2000) Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature, 403, 853858.

J.G. Oostermeijer , S.H. Luijten , Z.V. Krenova & H.M.C. Den Nijis (1998) Relationships between population and habitat characteristics and reproduction of rare Gentiana pneumonanthe. Conservation Biology, 12, 19421953.

C. Pickering , H. Wendy & G. Ken (2008) Vascular plant diversity and climate change in the alpine zone of the Snowy Mountains, Australia. Biodiversity and Conservation, 17, 16271644.

F.X. Picó , P.F. Quintana-Ascencio , M. Mildénd , J. Ehrlén & I. Pfingsten (2009) Modelling the effects of genetics and habitat on the demography of a grassland herb. Basic and Applied Ecology, 10, 122130.

E. Pignatti , S. Pignatti , P. Nimis & A. Avanzini (1980) La vegetazione ad arbusti spinosi emisferici: contributo alla interpretazione delle fasce di vegetazione delle alte montagne dell’Italia mediterranea. CNR Aq/1/79, Rome, Italy.

PlantaEuropa (2008) A Sustainable Future for Europe: The European Strategy for Plant Conservation 2008–2014. Plantlife International, Salisbury, UK, and the Council of Europe, Strasbourg, France.

S. Ramula (2008) Population dynamics of a monocarpic thistle: simulated effects of reproductive timing and grazing of flowering plants. Acta Oecologica, 33, 231239.

A.S.L. Rodrigues , J.D. Pilgrim , J.L. Lamoreux , M. Hoffmann & T.M. Brooks (2006) The value of the IUCN Red List for conservation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 21, 7176.

G. Rossi & R. Gentili (2008) A partnership project for a new Red List of the Italian Flora. Plant Biosystems, 142, 302304.

M. Schleuning & D. Matthies (2009) Habitat change and plant demography: assessing the extinction risk of a formerly common grassland perennial. Conservation Biology, 23, 174183.

N. Sletvold & J.M. Grindeland (2008) Floral herbivory increases with inflorescence size and local plant density in Digitalis purpurea. Acta Oecologica, 34, 2125.

N. Vere de , E. Jongejans , A. Plowman & E. Williams (2009) Population size and habitat quality affect genetic diversity and fitness in the clonal herb Cirsium dissectum. Oecologia, 159, 5968.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *