Ballard, W.B., Lutz, D., Keegan, T.W., Carpenter, L.H. & deVos, J.C. JR (2001) Deer-predator relationships: a review of recent North American studies with emphasis on mule and black-tailed deer. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 29, 99–115.
Beier, P. (1991) Cougar attacks on humans in the United States and Canada. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 19, 403–412.
Beier, P. & Barrett, R.H. (1993) The Cougar in the Santa Ana Mountain Range, California. Final Report, Orange County Cooperative Mountain Lion Study, Santa Ana, USA.
Beier, P., Riley, S.P.D. & Sauvajot, R.M. (2010) Mountain lions (Puma concolor). In Urban Carnivores: Ecology, Conflict, and Conservation (eds Gehrt, S.D., Riley, S.P.D. & Cypher, B.L.), pp. 141–156. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.
Bolgiano, C. & Roberts, J. (2005) The Eastern Cougar: Historic Accounts, Scientific Investigations, New Evidence. Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, USA.
Brocke, R.H. (1981) Reintroduction of the Cougar (Felis concolor) in Adirondack Park: A Problem Analysis and Recommendations. Final Report Federal Aid Project E-1-9, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, New York, USA.
Bueno-Cabrera, A., Hernández-Garcia, L., Laundré, J., Contreras-Hernández, A. & Shaw, H. (2005) Cougar impact on livestock ranches in the Santa Elena Canyon, Chihuahua, Mexico. Mountain Lion Workshop, 8, 141–149.
Caso, A., Lopez-Gonzalez, C., Payan, E., Eizirik, E., de Oliveira, T., Leite-Pitman, R. et al. (2008) Puma concolor. In IUCN Red List of Threatened Species v. 2012.1. Http://www.iucnredlist.org [accessed 12 September 2012].
Cougar Management Guidelines Working Group (2005) Cougar Management Guidelines, 1st edition. Wildfutures, Brainbridge Island, USA.
Dawn, D. (2002) Management of cougars (Puma concolor) in the western United States. MSc thesis, San Jose State University, San Jose, USA.
DelGiudice, G.D., Lenarz, M.S. & Carstensen Powell, M. (2007) Age-specific fertility and fecundity in northern free-ranging white-tailed deer: evidence for reproductive senescence? Journal of Mammalogy, 88, 427–435.
Dickson, B.G., Jenness, J.S. & Beier, P. (2005) Influence of vegetation, topography, and roads on cougar movement in southern California. Journal of Wildlife Management, 69, 264–276.
Gittleman, J.L. & Gompper, M.E. (2001) The risk of extinction—what you don't know will hurt you. Science, 291, 997–999.
Glennon, M.J. & Porter, W.F. (2007) Impacts of land-use management on small mammals in the Adirondack Park, New York. Northeastern Naturalist, 14, 323–342.
Hornocker, M.B. (1970) An analysis of mountain lion predation upon mule deer and elk in the Idaho Primitive Area. Wildlife Monograph, 21, 1–39.
Hornocker, M.B. & Negri, S. (eds) (2010) Cougar Ecology and Conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA.
Hurst, J.E. & Porter, W.F. (2008) Evaluation of shifts in white-tailed deer winter yards in the Adirondack region of New York. Journal of Wildlife Management, 72, 367–375.
Kertson, B.M. (2010) Cougar ecology, behavior, and interactions with people in a wildland–urban environment in western Washington. PhD dissertation, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.
Knopff, K.H., Knopff, A.A., Kortello, A. & Boyce, M.S. (2010) Cougar kill rate and prey composition in a multiprey system. Journal of Wildlife Management, 74, 1435–1447.
Land, E.D., Shindle, D.B., Kawula, R.J., Benson, J.F., Lotz, M.A. & Onorato, D.P. (2008) Florida panther habitat selection analysis of concurrent GPS and VHF telemetry data. Journal of Wildlife Management, 72, 633–639.
Laundré, J.W. (2008) Summer predation rates on ungulate prey by a large keystone predator: how many ungulates does a large predator kill? Journal of Zoology, 275, 341–348.
Laundré, J.W., Hernández, L. & Clark, S.G. (2006) Impact of puma predation on the decline and recovery of a mule deer population in southeastern Idaho. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 84, 1555–1565.
Laundré, J.W., Hernández, L. & Clark, S.G. (2007) Numerical and demographic responses of pumas to changes in prey abundance: testing current predictions. Journal of Wildlife Management, 71, 345–355.
Lindzey, F.G., Ackerman, B.B., Barnhurst, D. & Hemker, T.P. (1988) Survival rates of mountain lions in southern Utah. Journal of Wildlife Management, 52, 664–667.
Logan, K.A. & Sweanor, L.L. (2001) Desert Puma: Evolutionary Ecology and Conservation of an Enduring Carnivore. Island Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Maletzke, B.T. (2010) Effects of anthropogenic disturbance on landscape ecology of cougars. PhD dissertation, Washington State University, Pullman, USA.
Mathews, N.E. & Porter, W.F. (1993) Effect of social structure on genetic structure of free-ranging white-tailed deer in the Adirondack mountains. Journal of Mammalogy, 74, 33–43.
Mazzolli, M., Graipel, M.E. & Dunstone, N. (2002) Mountain lion depredation in southern Brazil. Biological Conservation, 105, 43–51.
Nilsen, E.B., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Schofield, L., Mysterud, A., Stenseth, N.C. & Coulson, T. (2007) Wolf reintroduction to Scotland: public attitudes and consequences for red deer management. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Biological Sciences, 274, 995–1002.
Palmer, B.C., Conover, M.R. & Frey, S.N. (2010) Replication of a 1970s study on domestic sheep losses to predators on Utah's summer rangelands. Rangeland Ecology and Management, 63, 689–695.
Pyare, S., Cain, S., Moody, D., Schwartz, C. & Berger, J. (2004) Carnivore re-colonization: reality, possibility and a non-equilibrium century for grizzly bears in the southern Yellowstone ecosystem. Animal Conservation, 7, 71–77.
Rumble, M.A., Kenkobi, L. & Gamo, R.S. (2005) Elk response to humans in a densely roaded area. Intermountain Journal of Science, 11, 10–24.
SDGFP (2010) South Dakota Mountain Lion Management Plan 2010–2015, Version 10-1. South Dakota Department of Game, Fish & Parks, Pierre, USA.
Seidensticker, J.C. IV, Hornocker, M.G., Wiles, W.V. & Messick, J.P. (1973) Mountain lion social organization in the Idaho Primitive Area. Wildlife Monographs, 35, 3–60.
Stoner, D.C. (2011) Ecology and conservation of cougars in the eastern Great Basin: effects of urbanization, habitat fragmentation, and exploitation. PhD thesis, Utah State University, Logan, USA.
Terrall, D.F., Monteith, K.L., Grovenburg, T.W., Burris, G.M., Hien, B.M., Swanson, C.C. et al. (2005) Population models for white-tailed deer in the Black Hills of South Dakota. Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science, 84, 119–127.
Thatcher, C., van Manen, F.T. & Clark, J.D. (2003) Habitat Assessment to Identify Potential Sites for Florida Panther Reintroduction in the Southeast. Unpublished Final Report. US Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC, USA.
Thatcher, C.A., Van Manen, F.T. & Clark, J.D. (2006) Identifying suitable sites for Florida panther reintroduction. Journal of Wildlife Management, 70, 752–763.
Thompson, D.J. (2009) Population demographics of cougars in the Black Hills: survival, dispersal morphometry, genetic structure, and associated interactions with density dependence. PhD thesis. South Dakota State University, Brookings, USA.
Treves, A. (2009) Hunting for large carnivore conservation. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46, 1350–1356.
Young, S.P. & Goldman, E.A. (1946) The Puma: Mysterious American Cat. Dover Publications, New York, USA.