This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
T. Banda , M.W. Schwartz & T Caro . (2006) Woody vegetation structure and composition along a protection gradient in a miombo ecosystem of western Tanzania. Forest Ecology and Management, 230, 179–185.
T.M Caro . (1999a) Abundance and distribution of mammals in Katavi National Park, Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology, 37, 305–313.
T.M Caro . (1999b) Demography and behaviour of African mammals subject to exploitation. Biological Conservation, 91, 91–97.
T.M Caro . (1999c) Densities of mammals in partially protected areas: the Katavi ecosystem of western Tanzania. Journal of Applied Ecology, 36, 205–217.
T.M Caro . (2003) Umbrella species: critique and lessons from East Africa. Animal Conservation, 6, 171–181.
T.M. Caro , N. Pelkey , M. Borner , E.L.M. Severre , K.L.I. Campbell , S.A. Huish (1998) The impact of tourist hunting on large mammals in Tanzania: an initial assessment. African Journal of Ecology, 36, 321–346.
S.M Cooper . (1991) Optimal hunting group size: the need for lions to defend their kills against loss to spotted hyaenas. African Journal of Ecology, 29, 130–136.
S. Creel & N.M Creel . (1997) Lion density and population structure in the Selous Game Reserve: evaluation of hunting quotas and offtake. African Journal of Ecology, 35, 83–93.
A.H. Harcourt , S.A. Parks & R Woodroffe . (2001) Human density as an influence on species/area relationships: double jeopardy for small African reserves? Biodiversity and Conservation, 10, 1011–1026.
M.W. Hayward & G.I.H Kerley . (2005) Prey preferences of the lion (Panthera leo). Journal of Zoology, 267, 309–322.
J.G.C. Hopcraft , A.R.E. Sinclair & C Packer . (2005) Planning for success: Serengeti lions seek prey accessibility rather than abundance. Journal of Animal Ecology, 74, 559–566.
C. Kiffner , M. Waltert , B. Meyer & M Mühlenberg . (2008) Response of lions (Panthera leo Linnaeus 1758) and spotted hyaenas (Crocuta crocuta Erxleben 1777) to sound playbacks. African Journal of Ecology, 46, 223–226.
A.J. Loveridge , A.W. Searle , F. Murindagomo & D.W Macdonald . (2007) The impact of sport-hunting on the population dynamics of an African lion population in a protected area. Biological Conservation, 134, 548–558.
J.M. Milner , E.B. Nilsen & H.P Andreassen . (2007) Demographic side effects of selective hunting in ungulates and carnivores. Conservation Biology, 21, 36–47.
J.O. Ogutu & H Dublin . (1998) The response of lions and spotted hyaenas to sound playbacks as a technique for estimating population size. African Journal of Ecology, 36, 83–95.
C. Packer , D. Ikanda , B. Kissui & H Kushnir . (2005) Lion attacks on humans in Tanzania. Nature, 436, 927–928.
G.L. Smuts , G.A. Robinson & I.J Whyte . (1980) Comparative growth of wild male and female lions (Panthera leo). Journal of Zoology, 190, 365–373.
M. Waltert , B. Meyer , M.W. Shanyangi , J.J. Balozi , O. Kitwara , S. Qolli . (2008) Foot surveys of large mammals in woodlands of western Tanzania. Journal of Wildlife Management, 72, 603–610.
K.L. Whitman , A.M. Starfield , H.S. Quadling & C Packer . (2004) Sustainable trophy hunting of African lions. Nature, 428, 175–178.
K.L. Whitman , A.M. Starfield , H. Quadling & C Packer . (2007) Modelling the effects of trophy selection and environmental disturbance on a simulated population of African lions. Conservation Biology, 21, 591–601.
R. Woodroffe & J.R Ginsberg . (1998) Edge effects and the extinction of populations inside protected areas. Science, 280, 2126–2128.
R. Woodroffe & L.G Frank . (2005) Lethal control of African lions (Panthera leo): local and regional population impacts. Animal Conservation, 8, 91–98.