Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Taxonomic and numerical sufficiency in depth- and salinity-controlled marine paleocommunities

  • Martin Zuschin (a1), Rafał Nawrot (a1), Mathias Harzhauser (a2), Oleg Mandic (a2) and Adam Tomašových (a3)...
Abstract
Abstract

Numerical and taxonomic resolution of compositional data sets affects investigators’ abilities to detect and measure relationships between communities and environmental factors. We test whether varying numerical (untransformed, square-root- and fourth-root-transformed relative abundance and presence–absence data) and taxonomic (species, genera, families) resolutions reveals different insights into early to middle Miocene molluscan communities along bathymetric and salinity gradients. The marine subtidal has a more even species-abundance distribution, a higher number of rare species, and higher species:family and species:genus ratios than the three habitats—marine and estuarine intertidal, estuarine subtidal—with higher fluctuations in salinity and other physical parameters. Taxonomic aggregation and numerical transformation of data result in very different ordinations, although all habitats differ significantly from one another at all taxonomic and numerical levels. Rank correlations between species-level and higher-taxon, among-sample dissimilarities are very high for proportional abundance and decrease strongly with increasing numerical transformation, most notably in the two intertidal habitats. The proportion of variation explained by depth is highest for family-level data, decreases gradually with numerical transformation, and is higher in marine than in estuarine habitats. The proportion of variation explained by salinity is highest for species-level data, increases gradually with numerical transformation, and is higher in subtidal than in intertidal habitats. Therefore, there is no single best numerical and taxonomic resolution for the discrimination of communities along environmental gradients: the “best” resolution depends on the environmental factor considered and the nature of community response to it. Different numerical and taxonomic transformations capture unique aspects of metacommunity assembly along environmental gradients that are not detectable at a single level of resolution. We suggest that simultaneous analyses of community gradients at multiple taxonomic and numerical resolutions provide novel insights into processes responsible for spatial and temporal community stability.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

P. G. Albano , A. Tomašových , M. Stachowitsch , and M. Zuschin . 2016. Taxonomic sufficiency in a live-dead agreement study in a tropical setting. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 449:341348.

A. Amorosi , V. Rossi , D. Scarponi , S. C. Vaiani , and A. Ghosh . 2014. Biosedimentary record of postglacial coastal dynamics: high-resolution sequence stratigraphy from the northern Tuscan coast (Italy). Boreas 43:939954.

M. J. Anderson 2001. A new method for non-parametric multivariate analysis of variance. Austral Ecology 26:3246.

M. J. Anderson , and D. C. I. Walsh . 2013. PERMANOVA, ANOSIM, and the Mantel test in the face of heterogeneous dispersions: what null hypothesis are you testing? Ecological Monographs 83:557574.

M. J. Anderson , S.D. Connell , B. M. Gillanders , C. E. Diebel , W. M. Bloms , J. E. Daunders , and T. J. Landers . 2005. Relationships between taxonomic resolution and spatial scales of multivariate variation. Journal of Animal Ecology 74:636646.

D. Balseiro 2016. Compositional turnover and ecological changes related to the waxing and waning of glaciers during the late Paleozoic ice age in ice-proximal regions (Pennsylvanian, western Argentina). Paleobiology 42:335357.

D. Balseiro , B. G. Waisfeld , and N. E. Vaccari . 2011. Paleoecological dynamics of Furongian (late Cambrian) trilobite-dominated communities from northwestern Argentina. Palaios 26:484499.

F. Bertasi , M. A. Colangelo , F. Colosio , G. Gregorio , M. Abbiati , and V. U. Ceccherelli . 2009. Comparing efficacy of different taxonomic resolutions and surrogates in detecting changes in soft bottom assemblages due to coastal defence structures. Marine Pollution Bulletin 58:686694.

S. Bevilacqua , A. Terlizzi , J. Claudet , S. Fraschetti , and F. Boero . 2012. Taxonomic relatedness does not matter for species surrogacy in the assessment of community responses to environmental drivers. Journal of Applied Ecology 49:357366.

J. R. Bonelli , and M. E. Patzkowsky . 2008. How are global patterns of faunal turnover expressed at regional scales? Evidence from the Upper Mississippian (Chesterian Series), Illinois Basin, USA. Palaios 23:760772.

N. Bonuso , C. R. Newton , J. C. Brower , and L. C. Ivany . 2002. Does coordinated stasis yield taxonomic and ecologic stability? Middle Devonian Hamilton Group of central New York. Geology 30:10551058.

C. E. Brett , A. J. Bartholomew , and G. C. Baird . 2007. Response of shallow marine biotas to sea-level fluctuations: a review of faunal replacement and the process of habitat tracking. Palaios 22:228244.

M. G. Chapman 1998. Relationships between spatial patterns of benthic assemblages in a mangrove forest using different levels of taxonomic resolution. Marine Ecology Progress Series 162:7178.

K. R. Clarke 1993. Non-parametric multivariate analyses of changes in community structure. Australian Journal of Ecology 18:117143.

K. R. Clarke , and R. H. Green . 1988. Statistical design and analysis for a “biological effects” study. Marine Ecology Progress Series 46:213226.

J.C. Dauvin , J. L. Gomez Gesteira , and M. Salvande Fraga . 2003. Taxonomic sufficiency: an overview of its use in the monitoring of sublittoral benthic communities after oil spills. Marine Pollution Bulletin 46:552555.

A. M. De Biasi , C. N. Bianchi , and C. Morri . 2003. Analysis of macrobenthic communities at different taxonomic levels: an example from an estuarine environment in the Ligurian Sea (NW Mediterranean). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 58:99106.

M. N. Dethier , and G. C. Schoch . 2006. Taxonomic sufficiency in distinguishing natural spatial patterns on an estuarine shoreline. Marine Ecology Progress Series 306:4149.

J. L. Dungan , J. N. Perry , M. R. T. Dale , P. Legendre , S. Citron-Pousty , M.-J. Fortin , A. Jakomulska , M. Miriti , and M. S. Rosenberg . 2002. A balanced view of scale in spatial statistical analysis. Ecography 25:626640.

W. A. DiMichele , A. K. Behrensmeyer , T. D. Olszewski , C. C. Labandeira , J. M. Pandolfi , S. L. Wing , and R. Bobe . 2004. Long-term stasis in ecological assemblages: evidence from the fossil record. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 35:285322.

D. Ellis 1985. Taxonomic sufficiency in pollution assessment. Marine Pollution Bulletin 16:459.

S. P. Ferraro , and F. A. Cole . 1990. Taxonomic level and sample size sufficient for assessing pollution impacts on the Southern California Bight macrobenthos. Marine Ecology Progress Series 67:251262.

M. Foote 2012. Evolutionary dynamics of taxonomic structure. Biology Letters 8:135138.

J. Hardenbol , J. Thierry , M. B. Farley , and T. Jacquin . 1998. Mesozoic and Cenozoic sequence chronostratigraphic framework of European basins. In: P.-C. De Graciansky, J. Hardenbol, T. Jacquin, and P. R. Vail, eds. Mesozoic and Cenozoic sequence stratigraphy of European basins. SEPM Special Publications 60: 314.

S. M. Holland , and M. E. Patzkowsky . 2007. Gradient ecology of a biotic invasion: biofacies of the type Cincinnatian Series (Upper Ordovician), Cincinnati, Ohio Region, USA. Palaios 22:392407.

L. C. Ivany , C. E. Brett , H. L. B. Wall , P. D. Wall , and J. C. Handley . 2009. Relative taxonomic and ecologic stability in Devonian marine faunas of New York State: a test of coordinated stasis. Paleobiology 35:499524.

J. Karakassis , and E. Hatziyanni . 2000. Benthic disturbance due to fish farming analyzed under different levels of taxonomic resolution. Marine Ecology Progress Series 203:247253.

S. M. Kidwell 2013. Time-averaging and fidelity of modern death assemblages: building a taphonomic foundation for conservation palaeobiology. Palaeontology 56:487522.

M. Kowalewski , J. M. Wittmer , T. A. Dexter , A. Amorosi , and D. Scarponi . 2015. Differential responses of marine communities to natural and anthropogenic changes. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 282:20142990.

T. Lasiak 2003. Influence of taxonomic resolution, biological attributes and data transformations on multivariate comparisons of rocky macrofaunal assemblages. Marine Ecology Progress Series 250:2934.

S. A. Levin 1992. The problem of pattern and scale in ecology. Ecology 73:19431967.

L. Musco , B. Mikac , M. Tataranni , A. Giangrande , and A. Terlizzi . 2011. The use of coarser taxonomy in the detection of long-term changes in polychaete assemblages. Marine Environmental Research 71:131138.

F. Olsgard , P. J. Somerfield , and M. R. Carr . 1998. Relationships between taxonomic resolution, macrobenthic community patterns and disturbance. Marine Ecology Progress Series 172:2536.

J. M. Pandolfi 2001. Numerical and taxonomic scale of analysis in paleoecological data sets: Examples from neo-tropical Pleistocene reef coral communities. Journal of Paleontology 75:546563.

M. E. Patzkowsky , and S. M. Holland . 2012. Stratigraphic paleobiology: understanding the distribution of fossil taxa in time and space. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

F. J. Rahel 1990. The hierarchical nature of community persistence: a problem of scale. American Naturalist 136:328344.

R. E. Ricklefs 1987. Community diversity: relative roles of local and regional processes. Science 235:167171.

K. Roy , G. Hunt , D. Jablonski , A. Z. Krug , and J. W. Valentine . 2009. A macroevolutionary perspective on species range limits. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 276:14851493.

E. E. Saupe , J. R. Hendricks , R. W. Portell , H. J. Dowsett , A. Haywood , S. J. Hunter , and B. S. Lieberman . 2014. Macroevolutionary consequences of profound climate change on niche evolution in marine molluscs over the past three million years. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 281:20141995.

P. J. Somerfield , and K. R. Clarke . 1995. Taxonomic levels, in marine community studies, revisited. Marine Ecology Progress Series 127:113119.

G. B. G Souza , and F. Barros . 2015. Analysis of sampling methods of estuarine benthic macrofaunal assemblages: sampling gear, mesh size, and taxonomic resolution. Hydrobiologia 743:157174.

S. M. Stanley 1970. Relation of shell form to life habits in the Bivalvia (Mollusca). Geological Society of America Memoir 125:1296.

A. Tomašových , and S. M. Kidwell . 2009a. Fidelity of variation in species composition and diversity partitioning by death assemblages: time averaging transfers diversity from beta to alpha levels. Paleobiology 35:94118.

A. Tomašových , and S. M. Kidwell . 2009b. Preservation of spatial and environmental gradients by death assemblages. Paleobiology 35:119145.

A. Tomašových , S. Dominici , M. Zuschin , and D. Merle . 2014. Onshore–offshore gradient in metacommunity turnover emerges only over macroevolutionary time-scales. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 281:20141533.

M. A. Vanderklift , T. J. Ward , and C. A. Jacoby . 1996. Effect of reducing taxonomic resolution on ordinations to detect pollution-induced gradients in macrobenthic infaunal assemblages. Marine Ecology Progress Series 136:137145.

R. M. Warwick 1988. Effects on community structure of a pollutant gradient—introduction. Marine Ecology Progress Series 46:149.

J. A. Wiens 1989. Spatial scaling in ecology. Functional Ecology 3:385397.

J. J. Wiens , and C. H. Graham . 2005. Niche conservatism: integrating evolution, ecology, and conservation biology. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 36:519539.

J. M. Wittmer , T. Dexter , D. Scarponi , A. Amorosi , and M. Kowalewski . 2014. Quantitative bathymetric models for late Quaternary transgressive–regressive cycles of the Po Plain, Italy. Journal of Geology 122:649670.

M. Włodarska-Kowalczuk , and M. Kędra . 2007. Surrogacy in natural patterns of benthic distribution and diversity: selected taxa versus lower taxonomic resolution. Marine Ecology Progress Series 351:5363.

I. A. Wright , B. C. Chessman , P. G. Fairweather , and L. J. Benson . 1995. Measuring the impact of sewage effluent on the macroinvertebrate community of an upland stream: the effect of different levels of taxonomic resolution and quantification. Australian Journal of Ecology 20:142149.

C. C. Visaggi , and L. C. Ivany . 2010. The influence of data selection and type of analysis on interpretation of temporal stability in Oligocene faunas of Mississippi. Palaios 25:769779.

M. Zuschin , M. Harzhauser , and O. Mandic . 2005. Influence of size-sorting on diversity estimates from tempestitic shell beds in the middle Miocene of Austria. Palaios 20:142158.

M. Zuschin , M. Harzhauser , and K. Sauermoser . 2006. Patchiness of local species richness and its implication for large-scale diversity patterns: an example from the middle Miocene of the Paratethys. Lethaia 39:6578.

M. Zuschin , M. Harzhauser , and O. Mandic . 2007. The stratigraphic and sedimentologic framework of fine-scale faunal replacements in the middle Miocene of the Vienna Basin (Austria). Palaios 22:284295.

M. Zuschin , M. Harzhauser , B. Hengst , O. Mandic , and R. Roetzel . 2014. Long-term ecosystem stability in a Lower Miocene estuary. Geology 42:710.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Paleobiology
  • ISSN: 0094-8373
  • EISSN: 1938-5331
  • URL: /core/journals/paleobiology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 3
Total number of PDF views: 33 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 275 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 9th March 2017 - 16th August 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.