Pulkkinen, Katja Aalto, Sanni L. and Nykänen, Hannu 2017. Parasite infection alters host stable-isotope composition under controlled feeding. Freshwater Biology, Vol. 61, Issue. 11, p. 1981.
Duncan, Alison B. Agnew, Philip Noel, Valérie Michalakis, Yannis and Ardia, Daniel 2017. The consequences of co-infections for parasite transmission in the mosquitoAedes aegypti. Journal of Animal Ecology, Vol. 84, Issue. 2, p. 498.
Fowler, Simon V. Peterson, Paul Barrett, D. Paul Forgie, Shaun Gleeson, Dianne M. Harman, Helen Houliston, Gary J. and Smith, Lindsay 2017. Investigating the poor performance of heather beetle, Lochmaea suturalis (Thompson) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), as a weed biocontrol agent in New Zealand: Has genetic bottlenecking resulted in small body size and poor winter survival?. Biological Control, Vol. 87, p. 32.
Cressler, Clayton E. Nelson, William A. Day, Troy McCauley, Edward and Bonsall, Michael 2017. Disentangling the interaction among host resources, the immune system and pathogens. Ecology Letters, Vol. 17, Issue. 3, p. 284.
Gouagna, Louis Clément Kerampran, Renaud Lebon, Cyrille Brengues, Cecile Toty, Celine Wilkinson, David A. Boyer, Sébastien and Fontenille, Didier 2017. Sugar-source preference, sugar intake and relative nutritional benefits in Anopheles arabiensis males. Acta Tropica, Vol. 132, p. S70.
Krams, I. A. Krama, T. Moore, F. R. Kivleniece, I. Kuusik, A. Freeberg, T. M. Mänd, R. Rantala, M. J. Daukšte, J. and Mänd, M. 2017. Male mealworm beetles increase resting metabolic rate under terminal investment. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, Vol. 27, Issue. 3, p. 541.
Stentiford, Grant D. and Dunn, Alison M. 2017. Microsporidia.
Sy, Victoria E. Agnew, Philip Sidobre, Christine and Michalakis, Yannis 2017. Reduced survival and reproductive success generates selection pressure for the dengue mosquitoAedes aegyptito evolve resistance against infection by the microsporidian parasiteVavraia culicis. Evolutionary Applications, Vol. 7, Issue. 4, p. 468.
Vidau, Cyril Panek, Johan Texier, Catherine Biron, David G. Belzunces, Luc P. Le Gall, Morgane Broussard, Cédric Delbac, Frédéric and El Alaoui, Hicham 2017. Differential proteomic analysis of midguts from Nosema ceranae-infected honeybees reveals manipulation of key host functions. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, Vol. 121, p. 89.
Yahouédo, Gildas A. Djogbénou, Luc Saïzonou, Jacques Assogba, Bénoît S. Makoutodé, Michel Gilles, Jeremie R.L. Maïga, Hamidou Mouline, Karine Soukou, Bhonna K. and Simard, Frédéric 2017. Effect of three larval diets on larval development and male sexual performance of Anopheles gambiae s.s.. Acta Tropica, Vol. 132, p. S96.
Aalto, Sanni L. and Pulkkinen, Katja 2017. Food stoichiometry affects the outcome ofDaphnia-parasite interaction. Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 3, Issue. 5, p. 1266.
Zettel Nalen, Catherine M. Allan, Sandra A. Becnel, James J. and Kaufman, Phillip E. 2017. Oviposition substrate selection by Florida mosquitoes in response to pathogen-infected conspecific larvae. Journal of Vector Ecology, Vol. 38, Issue. 1, p. 182.
Duncan, Alison B. Agnew, Philip Noel, Valérie Demettre, Edith Seveno, Martial Brizard, Jean-Paul and Michalakis, Yannis 2017. Proteome ofAedes aegyptiin response to infection and coinfection with microsporidian parasites. Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 2, Issue. 4, p. 681.
Bedhomme, Stéphanie Elena, Santiago F. and Uversky, Vladimir 2017. Virus Infection Suppresses Nicotiana benthamiana Adaptive Phenotypic Plasticity. PLoS ONE, Vol. 6, Issue. 2, p. e17275.
Lorenz, Lena M. and Koella, Jacob C. 2017. The microsporidian parasite Vavraia culicis as a potential late life-acting control agent of malaria. Evolutionary Applications, Vol. 4, Issue. 6, p. 783.
Rivero, A. Magaud, A. Nicot, A. and Vézilier, J. 2017. Energetic Cost of Insecticide Resistance in Culex pipiens Mosquitoes. Journal of Medical Entomology, Vol. 48, Issue. 3, p. 694.
Robar, Nicholas Murray, Dennis L. and Burness, Gary 2017. Effects of parasites on host energy expenditure: the resting metabolic rate stalemate. Canadian Journal of Zoology, Vol. 89, Issue. 11, p. 1146.
CORNET, S. SORCI, G. and MORET, Y. 2017. Biological invasion and parasitism: invaders do not suffer from physiological alterations of the acanthocephalan Pomphorhynchus laevis. Parasitology, Vol. 137, Issue. 01, p. 137.
Hoch, Gernot Pilarska, Daniela K. and Dobart, Nina 2017. Effect of midgut infection with the microsporidium Endoreticulatus schubergi on carbohydrate and lipid levels in Lymantria dispar larvae. Journal of Pest Science, Vol. 82, Issue. 4, p. 351.
Vijendravarma, Roshan K. Kraaijeveld, Alex R. and Godfray, H. C. J. 2017. EXPERIMENTAL EVOLUTION SHOWSDROSOPHILA MELANOGASTERRESISTANCE TO A MICROSPORIDIAN PATHOGEN HAS FITNESS COSTS. Evolution, Vol. 63, Issue. 1, p. 104.
Parasitic infection is often associated with changes in host life-history traits, such as host development. Many of these life-history changes are ultimately thought to be the result of a depletion or reallocation of the host's resources driven either by the host (to minimize the effects of infection) or by the parasite (to maximize its growth rate). In this paper we investigate the energetic budget of Aedes aegypti mosquito larvae infected by Vavraia culicis, a microsporidian parasite that transmits horizontally between larvae, and which has been previously shown to reduce the probability of pupation of its host. Our results show that infected larvae have significantly less lipids, sugars and glycogen than uninfected larvae. These differences in resources were not due to differences in larval energy intake (feeding rate) or expenditure (metabolic rate). We conclude that the lower energetic resources of infected mosquitoes are the result of the high metabolic demands that microsporidian parasites impose on their hosts. Given the fitness advantages for the parasite of maintaining the host in a larval stage, we discuss whether resource depletion may also be a parasite mechanism to prevent the pupation of the larvae and thus maximize its own transmission.
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