Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 9
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    NORMAN, R. A. WORTON, A. J. and GILBERT, L. 2016. Past and future perspectives on mathematical models of tick-borne pathogens. Parasitology, Vol. 143, Issue. 07, p. 850.


    Li, Sen Vanwambeke, Sophie O. Licoppe, Alain M. and Speybroeck, Niko 2014. Impacts of deer management practices on the spatial dynamics of the tick Ixodes ricinus: A scenario analysis. Ecological Modelling, Vol. 276, p. 1.


    Kraft, John P. and Stapp, Paul 2013. Movements and burrow use by northern grasshopper mice as a possible mechanism of plague spread in prairie dog colonies. Journal of Mammalogy, Vol. 94, Issue. 5, p. 1087.


    PATTERSON, C.D. and GUERIN, M.T. 2013. The effects of climate change on avian migratory patterns and the dispersal of commercial poultry diseases in Canada - Part II. World's Poultry Science Journal, Vol. 69, Issue. 01, p. 163.


    ALLEN, L. J. S. BROWN, V. L. JONSSON, C. B. KLEIN, S. L. LAVERTY, S. M. MAGWEDERE, K. OWEN, J. C. and VAN DEN DRIESSCHE, P. 2012. MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF VIRAL ZOONOSES IN WILDLIFE. Natural Resource Modeling, Vol. 25, Issue. 1, p. 5.


    Li, Sen Heyman, Paul Cochez, Christel Simons, Leopold and Vanwambeke, Sophie O 2012. A multi-level analysis of the relationship between environmental factors and questing Ixodes ricinus dynamics in Belgium. Parasites & Vectors, Vol. 5, Issue. 1, p. 149.


    Fenner, Aaron L. Godfrey, Stephanie S. and Michael Bull, C. 2011. Using social networks to deduce whether residents or dispersers spread parasites in a lizard population. Journal of Animal Ecology, Vol. 80, Issue. 4, p. 835.


    Hancock, Penelope A. Brackley, Robert and Palmer, Stephen C.F. 2011. Modelling the effect of temperature variation on the seasonal dynamics of Ixodes ricinus tick populations. International Journal for Parasitology, Vol. 41, Issue. 5, p. 513.


    Porter, Rosalyn Norman, Rachel and Gilbert, Lucy 2011. Controlling tick-borne diseases through domestic animal management: a theoretical approach. Theoretical Ecology, Vol. 4, Issue. 3, p. 321.


    ×

The effect of host movement on viral transmission dynamics in a vector-borne disease system

  • E. J. WATTS (a1) (a2), S. C. F. PALMER (a1), A. S. BOWMAN (a1), R. J. IRVINE (a3), A. SMITH (a4) and J. M. J. TRAVIS (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0031182009990424
  • Published online: 01 July 2009
Abstract
SUMMARY

Many vector-borne pathogens whose primary vectors are generalists, such as Ixodid ticks, can infect a wide range of host species and are often zoonotic. Understanding their transmission dynamics is important for the development of disease management programmes. Models exist to describe the transmission dynamics of such diseases, but are necessarily simplistic and generally limited by knowledge of vector population dynamics. They are typically deterministic SIR-type models, which predict disease dynamics in a single, non-spatial, closed patch. Here we explore the limitations of such a model of louping-ill virus dynamics by challenging it with novel field data. The model was only partially successful in predicting Ixodes ricinus density and louping-ill virus prevalence at 6 Scottish sites. We extend the existing multi-host model by forming a two-patch model, incorporating the impact of roaming hosts. This demonstrates that host movement may account for some of the discrepancies between the original model and empirical data. We conclude that insights into the dynamics of multi-host vector-borne pathogens can be gained by using a simple two-patch model. Potential improvements to the model, incorporating aspects of spatial and temporal heterogeneity, are outlined.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Zoology Building, Tillydrone Avenue, Aberdeen AB24 2TZ, UK. Tel: +44 (0) 1224 272693. E-mail: s.palmer@abdn.ac.uk
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

D. Brisson , D. E. Dykhuizen and R. S. Ostfeld (2008). Conspicuous impacts of inconspicuous hosts on the Lyme disease epidemic. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B 275, 227235.

J. S. Brownstein , T. R. Holford and D. Fish (2003). A climate-based model predicts the spatial distribution of the Lyme disease vector lxodes scapularis in the United States. Environmental Health Perspectives 111, 11521157.

D. R. Cope , G. R. Iason and I. J. Gordon (2004). Disease reservoirs in complex systems: a comment on recent work by Laurenson et al. Journal of Animal Ecology 73, 807810.

A. P. Dobson and P. J. Hudson (1992). Regulation and stability of a free-living host-parasite system: Trichostrongylus tenuis in red grouse. II. Population models. Journal of Animal Ecology 61, 487498.

D. A. Elston (1992). Sensitivity analysis in the presence of correlated parameter estimates. Ecological Modelling 64, 1122.

J. E. Foley , E. V. Queen , B. Sacks and P. Foley (2005). GIS-facilitated spatial epidemiology of tick-borne diseases in coyotes (Canis latrans) in northern and coastal California. Comparative Immunology Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 28, 197212.

M. W. Gaunt , L. D. Jones , K. Laurenson , P. J. Hudson , H. W. Reid and E. A. Gould (1997). Definitive identification of louping-ill virus by RT-PCR and sequencing in field populations of Ixodes ricinus on the Lochindorb Estate. Archives of Virology 142, 11811191.

L. Gilbert , L. D. Jones , P. J. Hudson , E. A. Gould and H. W. Reid (2000). Role of small mammals in the persistence of Louping-ill virus: field survey and tick co-feeding studies. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 14, 277282.

L. Gilbert , L. D. Jones , M. K. Laurenson , E. A. Gould , H. W. Reid and P. J. Hudson (2004). Ticks need not bite their red grouse hosts to infect them with louping ill virus. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B 271, S202S205.

L. Gilbert , R. Norman , M. K. Laurenson , H. W. Reid and P. J. Hudson (2001). Disease persistence and apparent competition in a three-host community: an empirical and analytical study of large-scale, wild populations. Journal of Animal Ecology 70, 10531061.

J. S. Gray and G. Lohan (1982). The development of a sampling method for the tick Ixodes ricinus and its use in a redwater fever area. Annals of Applied Biology 101, 421427.

M. Guerra , E. Walker , C. Jones , S. Paskewitz , M. R. Cortinas , A. Stancil , L. Beck , M. Bobo and U. Kitron (2002). Predicting the risk of Lyme disease: Habitat suitability for Ixodes scapularis in the north central United States. Emerging Infectious Diseases 8, 289297.

P. A. Hancock and H. C. J. Godfray (2007). Application of the lumped age-class technique to studying the dynamics of malaria-mosquito-human interactions. Malaria Journal 6, 98110.

A. J. Hester and G. J. Baillie (1998). Spatial and temporal patterns of heather use by sheep and red deer within natural heather/grass mosaics. Journal of Applied Ecology 35, 772784.

R. Hewson (1976). Grazing by mountain hares Lepus timidus L., red deer Cervus elaphus L. and red grouse Lagopus l. scoticus on heather moorland in north-east Scotland. Journal of Applied Ecology 13, 657666.

R. Hewson and M. D. C. Hinge (1990). Characteristics of the home range of mountain hares Lepus timidus. Journal of Applied Ecology 27, 651666.

P. J. Hudson , D. Newborn and A. P. Dobson (1992). Regulation and stability of a free-living host-parasite system: Trichostrongylus tenuis in red grouse. I. Monitoring and parasite reduction experiments. Journal of Animal Ecology 61, 477486.

D. Jenkins , A. Watson and G. R. Miller (1963). Population studies on red grouse,Lagopus lagopus scoticus (Lath.) in north-east Scotland. Journal of Animal Ecology 32, 317376.

L. D. Jones , M. Gaunt , R. S. Hails , K. Laurenson , P. J. Hudson , H. Reid , P. Henbest and E. A. Gould (1997). Transmission of louping-ill virus between infected and uninfected ticks co-feeding on mountain hares. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 11, 172176.

M. K. Laurenson , R. A. Norman , L. Gilbert , H. W. Reid and P. J. Hudson (2003). Identifying disease reservoirs in complex systems: mountain hares as reservoirs of ticks and louping-ill virus, pathogens of red grouse. Journal of Animal Ecology 72, 177185.

M. K. Laurenson , R. A. Norman , L. Gilbert , H. W. Reid and P. J. Hudson (2004). Mountain hares, louping-ill, red grouse and harvesting: complex interactions but few data. Journal of Animal Ecology 73, 811813.

M. K. Laurenson , R. Norman , H. W. Reid , I. Pow , D. Newborn and P. J. Hudson (2000). The role of lambs in louping-ill virus amplification. Parasitology 120, 97104.

R. A. Law , D. J. Murrell and U. Dieckmann (2003). Population growth in space and time: spatial logistic equations. Ecology 84, 252262.

K. LoGiudice , R. S. Ostfeld , K. A. Schmidt and F. Keesing (2003). The ecology of infectious disease: Effects of host diversity and community composition on Lyme disease risk. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 100, 567571.

K. McGuire , E. C. Holmes , G. F. Gao , H. W. Reid and E. A. Gould (1998). Tracing the origins of louping-ill virus by molecular phylogenetic analysis. Journal of General Virology 79, 981988.

J. Matthiopoulos , R. Moss and X. Lambin (1998). Models of red grouse cycles. A family affair? Oikos 82, 574590.

E. R. Morgan , G. F. Medley , P. R. Torgerson , B. S. Shaikenov and E. J. Milner-Gulland (2007). Parasite transmission in a migratory multiple host system. Ecological Modelling 200, 511520.

R. Moss and A. Watson (1991). Population cycles and kin selection in Red Grouse. Ibis 133, 113120.

R. I. Muetzelfeldt and J. Massheder (2003). The Simile visual modelling environment. European Journal of Agronomy 18, 345358.

R. Norman , R. G. Bowers , M. Begon and P. J. Hudson (1999). Persistence of tick-borne virus in the presence of multiple host species: tick reservoirs and parasite mediated competition. Journal of Theoretical Biology 200, 111118.

R. S. Ostfeld and F. Keesing (2000). Biodiversity and disease risk: the case of Lyme disease. Conservation Biology 14, 722728.

S. C. F. Palmer and P. J. Bacon (2001). The utilisation of heather moorland by territorial Red Grouse Lagopus lagopus scoticus. Ibis 143, 222232.

S. C. F. Palmer , A. J. Hester , D. A. Elston , I. J. Gordon and S. E. Hartley (2003). The perils of having tasty neighbors: grazing impacts of large herbivores at vegetation boundaries. Ecology 84, 28772890.

A. T. Peterson , C. Martinez-Campos , Y. Nakazawa and E. Martinez-Meyer (2005). Time-specific ecological niche modeling predicts spatial dynamics of vector insects and human dengue cases. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 99, 647655.

H. R. Pulliam (1988). Sources, sinks and population regulation. American Naturalist 132, 652661.

S. E. Randolph (2000). Ticks and tick-borne disease systems in space and from space. Advances In Parasitology 47, 217243.

G. D. Ruxton (1996). The effects of stochasticity and seasonality on model dynamics: bovine tuberculosis in badgers. Journal of Animal Ecology 65, 495500.

C. N. Theophilides , S. C. Ahearn , S. Grady and M. Merlino (2003). Identifying West Nile virus risk areas: The dynamic continuous-area space-time system. American Journal of Epidemiology 157, 843854.

A. Watson , R. Moss , R. Parr , M. D. Mountford and P. Rothery (1994). Kin landownership, differential aggression between kin and non-kin, and population fluctuations in red grouse. Journal of Animal Ecology 63, 277285.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Parasitology
  • ISSN: 0031-1820
  • EISSN: 1469-8161
  • URL: /core/journals/parasitology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: