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The Metaphysics of the Stoics


The metaphysical doctrine of the Stoics is a remarkable instance of a theory that appears to be materialism, but is in truth a form of unconscious ideal-realism. It is worth while to give an exposition of it in order to show that this is really the case, and, incidentally, to explain why a materialistic philosophy seems so attractive to many minds. I will refer chiefly to the teaching of the ancient Stoics, i.e. of Zeno, Cleanthes, and Chrysippus, and also to the later doctrine of Posidonius.

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page 481 note 1 The references are to Stoicorum veterum fragmenta, Vols. I and II; the Roman figures indicate the volume and the Arabic the number of the fragment.

page 482 note 1 See Stein, Die Psychologie der Stoa, v. I, p. 1

page 483 note 1 See Reinhardt, Posidonius, p. 142.

page 483 note 2 See L. Stein, Die Psychologic der Stoa, v. I, pp. 32, 90; Simpl. Sch. in Arist. Categ., ed. Brandis, p. 74.

page 483 note 3 L. Stein, Die Psychologie der Stoa, I, p. 49.

page 484 note 1 Proclus, Commentary on Plato's Parmenides, v. V, p. 135,

page 484 note 2 Reinhardt, Kosmos und Sympathie, pp. 110, 170, 176.

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  • ISSN: 0031-8191
  • EISSN: 1469-817X
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