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Moms Who Swing, or Why the Promise of the Gender Gap Remains Unfulfilled

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 September 2006

Susan J. Carroll
Affiliation:
Rutgers University

Extract

In 2004, according to the U.S. Bureau of the Census, the voter turnout rate for women was 60.1% compared with 56.3% for men, and across the United States 8.8 million more women than men voted. Women have voted at higher rates than men in all presidential elections since 1980, with the gap between women and men growing slightly larger in each subsequent election year. Moreover, in 2004, women outvoted men (in terms of both turnout rates and actual numbers) in every racial and ethnic group—African Americans, Latinos, Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders, and whites (Center for American Women and Politics 2005a).

Type
CRITICAL PERSPECTIVES ON GENDER AND POLITICS
Copyright
© 2006 The Women and Politics Research Section of the American Political Science Association

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References

Carroll, Susan J. 1999. “The Dis-Empowerment of the Gender Gap: Soccer Moms and the 1996 Elections.” PS: Political Science & Politics 32 (March): 711.Google Scholar
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Center for American Women, and Politics. 2004. “Gender Gap Persists in the 2004 Election.” Press Advisory. http://www.cawp.rutgers.edu/Facts/Elections/GG2004Facts.pdf (November 1, 2005).
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Gilson, Dave. 2004. “Wild Cards: A Field Guide to the American Swing Voter.” Mother Jones, September 9. http://www.motherjones.com/news/featurex/2004/09/09_400.html (November 1, 2005).
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