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Introduction: Quotas and Non-Quota Strategies in East Asia

  • Netina Tan (a1)
Abstract

In convergence with the global norm toward more proportional representative electoral systems, many countries in East Asia have adopted quota strategies to address women's political underrepresentation (Franceschet, Krook, and Piscopo 2012; Krook 2009). Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore, and Japan provide ideal case studies to investigate the impact of these efforts. While these countries share similar economic development, educational levels, and Confucian communitarian ethos, their experiences and progress on empowering women vary. For example, the level of women's legislative representation in the region ranges from a low of 8.1% in Japan to a high of 33.6% in Taiwan. And while Taiwan and South Korea embarked on constitutional reforms in the 1990s and introduced candidate quotas or reserved seats to guarantee women's legislative representation at all levels, Singapore and Japan have resisted legislating quotas but instead set 30% women parliamentarians as targets of party strategies. This collection of papers explores this intraregional variation with a comparative view on the origins and impact of quotas on women's political life. Specifically, we trace the origins of quota adoption and how they interact with the existing electoral and party institutions to improve women's legislative numbers.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Drude Dahlerup . 2006a. “The Story of the Theory of Critical Mass.” Politics & Gender 2 (4): 511–22.

Drude Dahlerup , and Lenita Freidenvall . 2005. “Quotas as a ‘Fast Track’ to Equal Representation of Women: Why Scandinavia Is No Longer the Model.” International Feminist Journal of Politics 7 (1): 104–23.

Susan Franceschet , Mona Lena Krook , and Jennifer M. Piscopo , eds. 2012. The Impact of Gender Quotas. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Meryl Kenny , and Fiona Mackay . 2013. “When Is Contagion Not Very Contagious? Dynamics of Women's Political Representation in Scotland.” Parliamentary Affairs 67 (4): 866–86.

Mona Lena Krook . 2004. “Gender Quotas as a Global Phenomenon: Actors and Strategies in Quota Adoption.” European Political Science 3 (3): 5965.

Mona Lena Krook . 2009. Quotas for Women in Politics: Gender and Candidate Selection Reform Worldwide. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Mona Lena Krook , and Pippa Norris . 2014. “Beyond Quotas: Strategies to Promote Gender Equality in Elected Office.” Political Studies 62 (1): 220.

Richard E. Matland , and Donley T. Studlar . 1996. “The Contagion of Women Candidates in Single-Member District and Proportional Representation Electoral Systems: Canada and Norway.” The Journal of Politics 58 (3): 707–33.

Mark R. Thompson 2002. “Female Leadership of Democratic Transitions in Asia.” Pacific Affairs 75 (4): 535–55.

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Politics & Gender
  • ISSN: 1743-923X
  • EISSN: 1743-9248
  • URL: /core/journals/politics-and-gender
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