Skip to main content Accessibility help

Petroleum Patriarchy? A Response to Ross

  • Pippa Norris (a1)

The notion of a “resource curse” has been most commonly applied in explaining why many countries apparently blessed with abundant reserves of nonrenewable mineral resources, such as Nigerian oil, Democratic Republic of Congo gold, or Sierra Leone diamonds, in fact, are commonly blighted with less transparency and probity, economic stability, economic diversification, social equality, and investment in human capital. In these conditions, the heightened danger of state capture and rent seeking by ruling elites generate poorer prospects for the transition from autocracy and the consolidation of stable democracies (Auty 1993; Boix 2003; Dunning 2008; Jensen and Wantchekon 2004; Ross 2001). Lootable mineral resources, in particular, are thought to make a country particularly vulnerable to civil war, insurgency, and rebellion (Collier and Sambanis 2005; Humphreys 2005; Ross 2004, 2006; Snyder 2006).

Hide All
Auty, Richard M. 1993. Sustaining Development in Mineral Economies: The Resource Curse Thesis. London: Routledge.
Boix, Carles. 2003. Democracy and Redistribution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Collier, Paul, and Sambanis, Nicholas, eds. 2005. Understanding Civil War. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Dahlerup, Drude, ed. 2006. Women, Quotas and Politics London: Routledge.
Dunning, Thad. 2008. Crude Democracy: Natural Resource Wealth and Political Regimes. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Freedom House. 2009. Freedom in the World. (accessed June 1, 2009)
Humphreys, Macartan. 2005. “Natural Resources, Conflict, and Conflict Resolution—Uncovering the Mechanisms.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 49 (4): 508–37.
International IDEA. 2008. The Arab Quota Report: Selected Case Studies. Stockholm: International IDEA.
Iversen, Torbin, and Rosenbluth, Frances. 2008. “Work and Power: The Connection Between Female Labor Force Participation and Female Political Representation.” Annual Review of Political Science 11: 479.
Jensen, N., and Wantchekon, L.. 2004. “Resource Wealth and Political Regimes in Africa.” Comparative Political Studies 37: 816–41.
Krook, Mona Lena. 2009. Quotas for Women in Politics: Gender and Candidate Selection Reform Worldwide. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Norris, Pippa. 2004. Electoral Engineering. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Norris, Pippa. 2007. “Opening the Door: Women Leaders and Constitution-Building in Iraq and Afghanistan.” In Women Who Lead, ed. Kellerman, Barbara. New York: Jossey Bass, 197226.
Rizzo, H., Abdel-Latif, A. H., and Meyer, K.. 2007. “The Relationship between Gender Equality and Democracy: A Comparison of Arab versus Non-Arab Muslim Societies”. Sociology—Journal of the British Sociological Association 41 (6): 1151–70.
Ross, Michael L. 2001. “Does Oil Hinder Democracy?” World Politics 53: 325–61.
Ross, Michael L. 2004. “How Do Natural Resources Influence Civil War? Evidence from Thirteen Cases.” International Organization 58 (1): 3567.
Ross, Michael L. 2006. “A Closer Look at Oil, Diamonds, and Civil War.” Annual Review of Political Science 9: 265300.
Ross, Michael L. 2008. “Oil, Islam, and Women.” American Political Science Review 102 (February):107–23.
Snyder, Richard. 2006. “Does Lootable Wealth Breed Disorder? A Political Economy of Extraction Framework.” Comparative Political Studies 39 (8): 943–68.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Politics & Gender
  • ISSN: 1743-923X
  • EISSN: 1743-9248
  • URL: /core/journals/politics-and-gender
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed