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The role of language in expressing the life sciences in a polarized age

  • Kathleen Hall Jamieson (a1)
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Correspondence: Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvani. Email:
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1 Coleridge, Samuel Taylor, Works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge: Prose and Verse (Philadelphia: Crissy & Markley, 1853), p. 254.
2 For further reading, see Kathleen Hall Jamieson, “The need for a science of science communication: Communicating science’s values and norms,” in The Oxford Handbook on the Science of Science Communication, eds. Kathleen Hall Jamieson, Dan Kahan, and Dietram A. Scheufele (New York: Oxford University Press, 2017).
3 Bernadine Healy interview with Sharyl Attkisson, “The ‘open question’ on vaccines and autism,” CBS News, May 12, 2008,, accessed May 16, 2017.
4 “Both sides breed confusion over GMOs,” Washington Post, October 31, 2013,, accessed May 16, 2017.
5 Dan Glickman interview for “Harvest of Fear,” PBS, October 2000,, accessed May 16, 2017.
6 U.S. Food and Drug Administration, “Statement of policy: Foods derived from new plant varieties,” May 29, 1992,, accessed May 16, 2017.
7 U.S. Food and Drug Administration, “FDA’s role in regulating safety of GE foods,” May 14, 2013,, accessed May 16, 2017.
8 U.S. Department of Agriculture, “Biotechnology frequently asked questions,” February 8, 2016,, accessed May 16, 2017.
9 Law Library of Congress, “Restrictions on genetically modified organisms: United States,” March 2014,, accessed May 16, 2017.
10 Millstone, Erik, Brunner, Eric, and Mayer, Sue, “Beyond ‘substantial equivalence,” Nature , 7 October 1999, 401: 525526.
11 European Commission, A Decade of EU-Funded GMO Research (2001–2010) (Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2010), p. 16.
12 News report from United Kingdom, May 16, 1990, archived at, accessed May 16, 2017.
13 Brendan Carlin, political correspondent, PA News, October 13, 1998, archived at, accessed May 16, 2017.
14 Connor, Steve, “‘Medical chief ‘forced to say beef was safe,”’ The Independent, October 29, 1998.
15 Conner, 1998.
16 Lynch, Diahanna and Vogel, David, “The regulation of GMOs in Europe and the United States: A case-study of contemporary European regulatory politics,” Council on Foreign Relations, April 5, 2001,, accessed May 16, 2017.
17 Ansell, Christopher, Maxwell, Rahsaan, and Sicurelli, Daniela, “Protesting food: NGOs and political mobilization in Europe,” in What’s the Beef? The Contested Governance of European Food Safety, Ansell, Christopher and Vogel, David, eds. (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2006), p. 99.
18 Ferrari, Matteo, Risk Perception, Culture, and Legal Change: A Comparative Study on Food Safety in the Wake of the Mad Cow Crisis (New York: Routledge, 2016), p. 8.
19 Schaffner, Brian F. and Atkinson, Mary Layton, “Taxing death or estates? When frames influence citizens’ issue beliefs,” in Winning with Words: The Origins and Impacts of Political Framing, Schaffner, Brian F. and Sellers, Patrick J., eds. (New York: Routledge, 2010), pp. 121135.
20 Sniderman, Paul M. and Carmines, Edward G., “Reaching beyond race,” PS: Political Science and Politics , 1997, 30(3): 466471.
21 Simon, Adam F. and Jerit, Jennifer, “Toward a theory relating political discourse, media, and public opinion,” Journal of Communication , 2007, 57(2): 254271.
22 Brennan, Julia M., Bednarczyk, Robert A., Richards, Jennifer L., Allen, Kristen E., Warraich, Gohar J., and Omer, Saad B., “Trends in personal belief exemption rates among alternative private schools: Waldorf, Montessori, and holistic kindergartens in California, 2000–2014,” American Journal of Public Health , 2017, 107(1): 108112.
23 McNutt, Louise-Anne, Desemone, Cristina, DeNicola, Erica, El Chebib, Hassan, Nadeau, Jessica A., Bednarczyk, Robert A., and Shaw, Jana, “Affluence as a predictor of vaccine refusal and underimmunization in California private kindergartens,” Vaccine , 2016, 34(14): 17331738.
24 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Outbreak of measles — San Diego, California, January–February 2008,” MMWR Weekly, February 22, 2008,, accessed May 16, 2017.
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Politics and the Life Sciences
  • ISSN: 0730-9384
  • EISSN: 1471-5457
  • URL: /core/journals/politics-and-the-life-sciences
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