Skip to main content
×
Home

Disaster Education: A Survey Study to Analyze Disaster Medicine Training in Emergency Medicine Residency Programs in the United States

  • Ritu R. Sarin (a1) (a2), Srihari Cattamanchi (a2), Abdulrahman Alqahtani (a3), Majed Aljohani (a4), Mark Keim (a5) and Gregory R. Ciottone (a1) (a2)...
Abstract
Abstract Background

The increase in natural and man-made disasters occurring worldwide places Emergency Medicine (EM) physicians at the forefront of responding to these crises. Despite the growing interest in Disaster Medicine, it is unclear if resident training has been able to include these educational goals.

Hypothesis

This study surveys EM residencies in the United States to assess the level of education in Disaster Medicine, to identify competencies least and most addressed, and to highlight effective educational models already in place.

Methods

The authors distributed an online survey of multiple-choice and free-response questions to EM residency Program Directors in the United States between February 7 and September 24, 2014. Questions assessed residency background and details on specific Disaster Medicine competencies addressed during training.

Results

Out of 183 programs, 75 (41%) responded to the survey and completed all required questions. Almost all programs reported having some level of Disaster Medicine training in their residency. The most common Disaster Medicine educational competencies taught were patient triage and decontamination. The least commonly taught competencies were volunteer management, working with response teams, and special needs populations. The most commonly identified methods to teach Disaster Medicine were drills and lectures/seminars.

Conclusion

There are a variety of educational tools used to teach Disaster Medicine in EM residencies today, with a larger focus on the use of lectures and hospital drills. There is no indication of a uniform educational approach across all residencies. The results of this survey demonstrate an opportunity for the creation of a standardized model for resident education in Disaster Medicine.

Sarin RR , Cattamanchi S , Alqahtani A , Aljohani M , Keim M , Ciottone GR . Disaster Education: A Survey Study to Analyze Disaster Medicine Training in Emergency Medicine Residency Programs in the United States. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2017;32(4):368373.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence: Ritu R. Sarin, MD 36 Park Street Apartment 5 Brookline, Massachusetts 02446 USA E-mail: riturani@gmail.com; rsarin@bidmc.harvard.edu
Footnotes
Hide All

Conflicts of interest: none

Footnotes
References
Hide All
1. Katzer R, Cabanas JG, Martin-Gill C, et al. Emergency Medical Services education in emergency medicine residency programs: a national survey. Acad Emerg Med. 2012;19(2):174-179.
2. ACGME Requirements for Emergency Medicine. Accredited Council for Graduate Medical Education Web site. https://www.acgme.org/acgmeweb/tabid/131/ProgramandInstitutionalAccreditation/Hospital-BasedSpecialties/EmergencyMedicine.aspx. Accessed September 3, 2015.
3. Schultz CH, Koenig KL, Whiteside M, et al. Development of national standardized all-hazard disaster core competencies for acute care physicians, nurses, and EMS professionals. Ann Emerg Med. 2012;59(3):196-208.
4. Dennis AJ, Brandt MM, Steinberg J, et al. Are general surgeons behind the curve when it comes to disaster preparedness training? A survey of general surgery and emergency medicine trainees in the United States by the Eastern Association for the Surgery for Trauma Committee on Disaster Preparedness. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2012;73(3):612-617.
5. Pesik N, Keim M, Sampson TR. Do US emergency medicine residency programs provide adequate training for bioterrorism? Ann Emerg Med. 1999;34(2):173-176.
6. Counselman FL, Borenstein MA, Chisholm CD, et al; for the EM Model Review Task Force; for the American Board of Emergency Medicine. The 2013 model of the clinical practice of emergency medicine. Acad Emerg Med. 2014;21(5):574-598.
7. Sauser K, Burke RV, Ferrer RR, et al. Disaster preparedness among medical students: a survey assessment. Am J Disaster Med. 2010;5(5):275-284.
8. Smith J, Levy MJ, Hsu EB, et al. Disaster curricula in medical education: pilot survey. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2012;27(5):492-494.
9. Jasper E, Berg K, Reid M, et al. Disaster preparedness: what training do our interns receive during medical school? Am J Med Qual. 2013;28(5):407-413.
10. Gawande A. Why Boston’s Hospitals Were Ready. The New Yorker. http://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/why-bostons-hospitals-were-ready. Published April 17, 2013. Accessed September 3, 2015.
11. Greenberg R. Boston Marathon Bombing Emphasizes Vital Role of Trauma Centers. AAMC Reporter. https://www.aamc.org/newsroom/reporter/june2013/346228/trauma-centers.html. Published June 2013. Accessed September 3, 2015.
12. Lee J, McKinney M. Preparedness under assault. Modern Healthcare. http://www.modernhealthcare.com/article/20130420/MAGAZINE/304209992. Published April 20, 2013. Accessed September 3, 2015.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
  • ISSN: 1049-023X
  • EISSN: 1945-1938
  • URL: /core/journals/prehospital-and-disaster-medicine
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Type Description Title
PDF
Supplementary Materials

Sarin supplementary material
Appendix

 PDF (274 KB)
274 KB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 1
Total number of PDF views: 89 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 963 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th March 2017 - 19th November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.