This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
1.L Räsänen (2007) Of all foods bread is the most noble: Carl von Linné (Carl Linneaus) on bread. Scand J Food Nutr 51, 91–99.
3.Anonymous Editorial (1961) Longevity in hunza land. J AM Med Assoc 175, 706–706.
6.J Slavin , M Tucker , C Harriman (2013) Whole grains: definition, dietary recommendations and health benefits. Cereal Foods World 58, 191–198.
8.MG Ferruzzi , SS Jonnalagadda , S Liu (2014) Developing a standard definition of whole-grain foods for dietary recommendations: summary report of a multidisciplinary expert roundtable discussion. Adv Nutr 5, 164–176.
9.PB Mellen , TF Walsh & DM Herrington (2008) Whole grain intake and cardiovascular disease: a meta-analysis. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 18, 283–290.
10.EQ Ye , SA Chacko , EL Chou (2012) Greater whole-grain intake is associated with lower risk of Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and weight gain. J Nutr 142, 1304–1313.
11.D Aune , T Norat , P Romundstad (2013) Whole grain and refined grain consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of cohort studies. Eur J Epidemiol 28, 845–858.
12.D Aune , DSM Chan , R Lau (2011) Dietary fibre, whole grains, and risk of colorectal cancer: systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. Br Med J 343.
13.D Jacobs , L Marquart , J Slavin (1998) Whole grain intake and cancer: an expanded review and meta-analysis. Nutr Cancer 30, 85–96.
18.AB Ross , M Kristensen , CJ Seal (2015) Recommendations for reporting whole-grain intake in observational and intervention studies. Am J Clin Nutr 101, 903–907.
19.K Pol , R Christensen , EM Bartels (2013) Whole grain and body weight changes in apparently healthy adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies. Am J Clin Nutr 98, 872–884.
20.CJ Seal , AR Jones & AD Whitney (2006) Whole grains uncovered. Nutr Bull 31, 129–137.
22.Q Sun , D Spiegelman , RM van Dam (2010) White rice, brown rice, and risk of type 2 diabetes in US men and women. Arch Int Med 170, 961–969.
23.SA Rebello , H Koh , C Chen (2014) Amount, type, and sources of carbohydrates in relation to ischemic heart disease mortality in a Chinese population: a prospective cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr 100, 53–64.
24.ED Parker , S Liu , L Van Horn (2013) The association of whole grain consumption with incident type 2 diabetes: the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study. Ann Epidemiol 23, 321–327.
25.FS Atkinson , K Foster-Powell & JC Brand-Miller (2008) International tables of glycemic index and glycemic load values: 2008. Diab. Care 31, 2281–2283.
27.R Giacco , G Costabile , G Della Pepa (2014) A whole-grain cereal-based diet lowers postprandial plasma insulin and triglyceride levels in individuals with metabolic syndrome. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 24, 837–844.
28.OK Magnusdottir , R Landberg , I Gunnarsdottir (2014) Whole grain rye intake, reflected by a biomarker, is associated with favorable blood lipid outcomes in subjects with the metabolic syndrome – A randomized study. PLoS ONE 9, e110827.
29.SK Poulsen , A Due , AB Jordy (2014) Health effect of the New Nordic Diet in adults with increased waist circumference: a 6-mo randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr 99, 35–45.
30.R Kang , M Kim , JS Chae (2014) Consumption of whole grains and legumes modulates the genetic effect of the APOA5 -1131C variant on changes in triglyceride and apolipoprotein A-V concentrations in patients with impaired fasting glucose or newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. Trials 15, 100.
32.M Kristensen , S Toubro , MG Jensen (2012) Whole grain compared with refined wheat decreases the percentage of body fat following a 12-week, energy-restricted dietary intervention in postmenopausal women. J Nutr 142, 710–716.
35.N Mourouti , C Papavagelis , P Plytzanopoulou (2015) Dietary patterns and breast cancer: a case-control study in women. Eur J Nutr 54, 609–617.
36.AE Arthur , KE Peterson , J Shen (2014) Diet and proinflammatory cytokine levels in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Cancer 120, 2704–2712.
37.AE Arthur , KE Peterson , LS Rozek (2013) Pretreatment dietary patterns, weight status, and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma prognosis. Am J Clin Nutr 97, 360–368.
39.MD Knudsen , C Kyrø , A Olsen (2014) Self-reported whole-grain intake and plasma alkylresorcinol concentrations in combination in relation to the incidence of colorectal cancer. Am J Epidemiol 179, 1188–1196.
40.AB Ross (2012) Present status and perspectives on the use of alkylresorcinols as biomarkers of wholegrain wheat and rye intake. J Nutr Metab, Article ID 462967.
41.AB Ross , A Bourgeois , HNu Macharia (2012) Plasma alkylresorcinols as a biomarker of whole-grain food consumption in a large population: results from the WHOLEheart Intervention Study. Am J Clin Nutr 95, 204–211.
42.LE Cleveland , AJ Moshfegh , AM Albertson (2000) Dietary intake of whole grains. J Am Coll Nutr 19, 331S–338S.
43.M Zanovec , CE O'Neil , SS Cho (2010) Relationship between whole grain and fiber consumption and body weight measures among 6- to 18-year-olds. J Pediatr 157, 578–583.
44.R Egeberg , A Olsen , S Loft (2010) Intake of wholegrain products and risk of colorectal cancers in the Diet, Cancer and Health cohort study. Br J Cancer 103, 730–734.
45.A Fardet , E Rock & C Rémésy (2008) Is the in vitro antioxidant potential of whole-grain cereals and cereal products well reflected in vivo? J Cereal Sci 48, 258–276.
47.TT Kararli (1995) Comparison of the gastrointestinal anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of humans and commonly used laboratory animals. Biopharm Drug Dispos 16, 351–380.
48.SE La Fleur , MCM Luijendijk , EM Van Der Zwaal (2014) The snacking rat as model of human obesity: effects of a free-choice high-fat high-sugar diet on meal patterns. Int J Obes 38, 643–649.
49.JM Muñoz Cano , AC Aguilar & JC Hernández (2013) Lipid-lowering effect of maize-based traditional Mexican food on a metabolic syndrome model in rats. Lipids Health Dis 12, 9.
50.SH Lee , I-M Chung , Y-S Cha (2010) Millet consumption decreased serum concentration of triglyceride and C-reactive protein but not oxidative status in hyperlipidemic rats. Nutr Res 30, 290–296.
51.MY Park , HH Jang , JB Kim (2011) Hog millet (Panicum miliaceum L.)-supplemented diet ameliorates hyperlipidemia and hepatic lipid accumulation in C57BL/6J-ob/ob mice. Nutr Res Pract 5, 511–519.
52.MY Park , HH Jang , JY Lee (2012) Effect of hog millet supplementation on hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance in mice fed a high-fat diet. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 41, 501–509.
53.JY Kim , JH Shin & SS Lee (2012) Cardioprotective effects of diet with different grains on lipid profiles and antioxidative system in obesity-induced rats. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 82, 85–93.
54.BK Son , JY Kim & SS Lee (2008) Effect of adlay, buckwheat and barley on lipid metabolism and aorta histopathology in rats fed an obesogenic diet. Ann Nutr Metab 52, 181–187.
55.U Andersson , L Rosén , E Östman (2010) Metabolic effects of whole grain wheat and whole grain rye in the C57BL/6J mouse. Nutrition 26, 230–239.
56.MI Buescher & DD Gallaher (2014) Wheat color (Class), not refining, influences colon cancer risk in rats. Nutr Cancer 66, 849–856.
58.KL Nielsen , ML Hartvigsen , MS Hedemann (2014) Similar metabolic responses in pigs and humans to breads with different contents and compositions of dietary fibers: a metabolomics study. Am J Clin Nutr 99, 941–949.
59.HN Lærke , C Pedersen , MA Mortensen (2008) Rye bread reduces plasma cholesterol levels in hypercholesterolemia pigs when compared to wheat at similar dietary fibre level. J Sci Food Agr 88, 1385–1393.
64.SSDC Selem , MAD Castro , CLG César (2014) Associations between dietary patterns and self-reported hypertension among Brazilian adults: a cross-sectional population-based study. J Acad Nutr Diet 114, 1216–1222.
67.S Song , H-Y Paik & Y Song (2012) High intake of whole grains and beans pattern is inversely associated with insulin resistance in healthy Korean adult population. Diab Res Clin Pract 98, e28–e31.