Armstrong, BK, Davis, RE, Nicol, DJ, van Merwick, AJ & Larwood, CJ (1974) Haematological, vitamin B12 and folate studies on Seventh-Day Adventist Vegetarians. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 27, 717.
Chanarin, I, Malkowska, V, O'Hea, AM, Rinsler, MG & Price, AB (1985) Megaloblastic anaemia in a vegetarian Hindu community. Lancet ii, 1168–1172.
Dagnelie, PC, van Staveren, WA, Vergote, FJ, Dingjan, PG, van den Berg, H & Hautvast, JG (1989) Increased risk of vitamin B-12 and iron deficiency in infants on macrobiotic diets. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 50, 818–824.
Dagnelie, PC, Vergote, FJVRA, van Staveren, WA, van den Berg, H, Dingjan, PG & Hautvast, JGAJ (1990) High prevalence of rickets in infants on macrobiotic diets. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 51, 202–208.
Department of Health (1991) Dietary Reference Values for Food Energy and Nutrients for the United Kingdom. Report on Health and Social Subjects no. 41. London: H.M. Stationery Office.
de Pee, S & West, CE (1996) Dietary carotenoids and their role in combating vitamin A deficiency: a review of the literature. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 50, Suppl. 3, S38–S53.
de Pee, S, West, CE, Muhilal, Karyadi, D & Hautvast, JG (1995) Lack of improvement in vitamin A status with increased consumption of dark-green leafy vegetables. Lancet 346, 75–81.
Donovan, UM & Gibson, RS (1995) Iron and zinc status of young women aged 14 to 19 years consuming vegetarian and omnivorous diets. Journal of the American College of Nutrition 14, 463–472.
Draper, A, Lewis, J, Malhotra, N & Wheeler, E (1993) The energy and nutrient intakes of different types of vegetarian: a case for supplements? British Journal of Nutrition 69, 3–19.
Dunnigan, MG & Henderson, JB (1997) An epidemiological model of privational rickets and osteomalacia. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 56, 939–956.
Dwyer, JT, Dietz, WH, Hass, GH & Suskind, RM (1979) Risk of nutritional rickets among vegetarian children. American Journal of Diseases of Children 133, 134–140.
Grattan-Smith, PJ, Wilcken, B, Procopis, PG & Wise, GA (1997) The neurological syndrome of infantile cobalamin deficiency: developmental regression and involuntary movements. Movement Disorders 12, 39–46.
Glynn, MK, Bopp, C, Dewitt, W, Dabney, P, Moktar, M & Angulo, FJ (1998) Emergence of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serotype typhimurium DT104 infections in the United States. New England Journal of Medicine 338, 1333–1338.
Herbert, V (1994) Staging vitamin B-12 (cobalamin) status in vegetarians. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 59, 1213S–1222S.
Hogue, A, White, P, Guard-Petter, J, Schlosser, W, Gast, R, Ebel, E, Farrar, J, Gomez, T, Madden, J, Madison, M, McNamara, AM, Morales, R, Parham, D, Sparling, P, Sutherlin, W & Swerdlow, D (1997) Epidemiology and control of egg-associated. Salmonella enteritidis in the United States of America. Revue Scientifique et Technique 16, 542–553.
Jacobs, C & Dwyer, JT (1988) Vegetarian children: appropriate and inappropriate diets. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 43, Suppl. 3, 811–818.
Johnson, RT & Gibbs, CJ (1998) Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and related transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. New England Journal of Medicine 339, 1994–2004.
Kuhne, T, Bubl, R & Baumgartner, R (1991) Maternal vegan diet causing a serious infantile neurological disorder due to vitamin B12 deficiency. European Journal of Pediatrics 150, 205–208.
Lovblad, K, Ramelli, G, Remonda, L, Nirkko, AC, Ozdoba, C & Schroth, G (1997) Retardation of myelination due to dietary vitamin B12 deficiency: cranial MRI findings. Pediatric Radiology 27, 155–158.
McFadyen, IR, Campbell-Brown, M, Abraham, R, North, WRS & Haines, AP (1984) Factors affecting birthweight in Hindus, Moslems and Europeans. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 91, 968–972.
Nathan, I, Hackett, AF & Kirby, S (1996) The dietary intake of a group of vegetarian children aged 7–11 years compared with matched omnivores. British Journal of Nutrition 75, 533–544.
Nathan, I, Hackett, AF & Kirby, S (1997) A longitudinal study of the growth of matched pairs of vegetarian and omnivorous children, aged 7–11 years, in the north-west of England. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 51, 20–25.
Rana, SK & Sanders, TAB (1986) Taurine concentrations in the diet, plasma, urine and breastmilk of vegans compared with omnivores. British Journal of Nutrition 56, 17–27.
Reddy, S & Sanders, TAB (1990) Haematological studies on pre-menopausal Indian and Caucasian vegetarians compared with Caucasian omnivores. British Journal of Nutrition 64, 331–338.
Reddy, S & Sanders, TAB (1992) Lipoprotein risk factors in vegetarian women of Indian descent are unrelated to dietary intake. Atherosclerosis 95, 223–229.
Reddy, S, Sanders, TAB & Obeid, O (1994) The influence of maternal vegetarian diet on essential fatty acid status of the newborn. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 48, 358–368.
Roberts, IF, West, RJ, Ogilvie, D & Dillon, MJ (1979) Malnutrition in infants receiving cult diets: a form of child abuse. British Medical Journal 1, 296–298.
Sabate, J, Lindsted, KD, Harris, RD & Sanchez, A (1991) Attained height of lacto-ovo vegetarian children and adolescents. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 45, 51–58.
Sadun, AA, Martone, JF, Muci-Mendoza, R, Reyes, L, DuBois, L, Silva, JC, Roman, G & Caballero, B (1994) Epidemic optic neuropathy in Cuba. Eye findings. Archives of Ophthalmology 112, 691–699.
Sanders, TAB (1995) Vegetarian diets and children. Pediatric Clinics of North America 42, 955–965.
Sanders, TAB, Ellis, FR & Dickerson, JWT (1978) Haematological studies on vegans. British Journal of Nutrition 40, 9–15.
Sanders, TAB & Manning, J (1992) The growth and development of vegan children. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 5, 11–21.
Sanders, TAB & Reddy, S (1992) The influence of a vegetarian diet on the fatty acid composition of human milk and the essential fatty acid status of the infant. Journal of Pediatrics 120, S71–S77.
Sanders, TAB & Roshanai, F (1992) Platelet phospholipid fatty acid composition and function in vegans compared with age-and sex-matched omnivore controls. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 46, 823–831.
Tayter, MS & Stanek, KL (1989) Anthropometric and dietary assessment of omnivore and lacto-ovo-vegetarian children. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 89, 1661–1663.
van Dusseldorp, M, Arts, IC. Bergsma, JS, De Jong, N, Dagnelie, PC & van Staveren, WA (1996) Catch-up growth in children fed a macrobiotic diet in early childhood. Journal of Nutrition 126, 2977–2983.
Widdowson, EM & McCance, RA (1954) Studies on the Nutritive Value of Bread and the Effect of Variations in the Extraction Rate of Flour on the Growth of Undernourished Children. Medical Research Council Special Report Series no. 287. London: H.M. Stationery Office.