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    King, Caroline 2009. An evidence based guide to weaning preterm infants. Paediatrics and Child Health, Vol. 19, Issue. 9, p. 405.


    Horodynski, M. Olson, Beth Arndt, Mary Jo Brophy-Herb, Holly Shirer, Karen and Shemanski, Rosalie 2007. Low-Income Mothers' Decisions Regarding When and Why to Introduce Solid Foods to Their Infants: Influencing Factors. Journal of Community Health Nursing, Vol. 24, Issue. 2, p. 101.


    Soylu, Alper Kasap, Belde Soylu, Özlem Bekem Türkmen, Mehmet and Kavukçu, Salih 2007. Does feeding in infancy effect the development of IgA nephropathy?. Pediatric Nephrology, Vol. 22, Issue. 7, p. 1040.


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Prematurity, immune function and infant feeding practices

  • Shelagh M. Hampton (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/PNS19990011
  • Published online: 01 December 2008
Abstract

Recently, there has been much interest in the literature in the role of early nutrition and the health of the individual in adulthood. A majority of infants in the UK are born full term, while preterm infants account for 4–6 % of the total births. Milk feeding practices are divided into three groups: breast, combination (breast-fed with formula as‘top-up) and bottle (formula). In studies conducted by our group and other researchers immune function in full-term and preterm infants has been assessed by monitoring total and specific immunoglobulin E and specific immunoglobulin G levels. Dietary modification by the pregnant mother with a history of allergy in the family has been shown to have a positive effect with respect to allergy outcome and prevention of atopic disease in the infant. However, this dietary modification has to occur before week 22 of pregnancy and continue until the end of lactation to achieve a beneficial outcome to the infant. The stress of mothers restricting their diets may be disadvantageous to the fetus, and therefore any gain due to the dietary restriction may be lost. Researchers have shown that the early introduction of complementary foods and the greater diversity of these foods appeared to result in an increase in the incidence of atopic disease in the infant. In conclusion, in order to reduce the risk in their babies, mothers with a family history of atopic disease should breast-feed for more than 15 weeks and introduce solid foods after 4 months, limiting the variety until at least 6 months.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
Corresponding author: Dr Shelagh M. Hampton, fax +44 (0)1483 576978, email s.hampton@surrey.ac.uk
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K Fälth-Magnusson , N-IM Kjellman & K-E Magnusson (1988) Antibodies IgG, IgA, and IgM to food antigens during the first 18 months of life in relation to feeding and development of atopic disease. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 81, 743749.

JS Forsyth , SA Ogston , A Clark , C du V Florey & PW Howie (1993) Relation between early introduction of solid food to infants and their weight and illnesses during the first two years of life. British Medical Journal 306, 15721576.

G Hattevig , B Kjellman & B Bjorksten (1993) Appearance of IgE antibodies to ingested and inhaled allergens during the first 12 years of life in atopic and non-atopic children. Pediatric Allergy Immunology 4, 182186.

AC Jones , EA Miles , JO Warner , BM Colwell , TN Bryant & JA Warner (1996) Fetal peripheral blood mononuclear cell proliferative responses to mitogenic and allergenic stimuli during gestation. Pediatric Allergy Immunology 7, 109116.

M Kajosaari & U Saarinen (1983) Prophylaxis of atopic disease by six months total solid food elimination. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica 72, 411414.

N Sigurs , G Hattevig , B Kjellman , N-IM Kjellman , L Nilsson & B Björkstén (1994) Appearance of atopic disease in relation to serum IgE antibodies in children followed up from birth for 4 to 15 years. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 94, 757763.

AC Wilson , SC Forsyth , SA Greene , L Irvine , C Hagau & PW Howie (1998) Relation of infant diet to childhood health: seven year follow up of children in Dundee infant feeding study. British Medical Journal 316, 2125.

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Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
  • ISSN: 0029-6651
  • EISSN: 1475-2719
  • URL: /core/journals/proceedings-of-the-nutrition-society
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