This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
1 T Lobstein , ML Frelut . Prevalence of overweight among children in Europe. Obesity Reviews 2003; 4: 195–200.
2 T Lobstein , L Baur , R Uauy . Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public health. Obesity Reviews 2004; 5(Suppl. 1): 4S–85S.
3 RC Whitaker , JA Wright , MS Pepe , KD Seidel , WH Dietz . Predicting obesity in young adulthood from childhood and parental obesity. New England Journal of Medicine 1997; 337: 869–73.
5 DS Freedman , LK Khan , MK Serdula , WH Dietz , SR Srinivasan , GS Berenson . Inter-relationships among childhood BMI, childhood height, and adult obesity: the Bogalusa Heart Study. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 2004; 28: 10–16.
6 A Must , RS Strauss . Risks and consequences of childhood and adolescent obesity. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 1999; 23(Suppl. 2): 2S–11S.
7 C Power , JK Lake , TJ Cole . Measurement and long-term health risks of child and adolescent fatness. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 1997; 21: 507–26.
9 G Csabi , K Torok , S Jeges , D Molnar . Presence of metabolic cardiovascular syndrome in obese children. European Journal of Pediatrics 2000; 159: 91–4.
10 D Young-Hyman , DG Schlundt , L Herman , F De Luca , D Counts . Evaluation of the insulin resistance syndrome in 5- to 10-year-old overweight/obese African–American children. Diabetes Care 2001; 24: 1359–64.
11 A Must , PF Jacques , GE Dallal , CJ Bajema , WH Dietz . Long-term morbidity and mortality of overweight adolescents. A follow-up of the Harvard Growth Study of 1922 to 1935. New England Journal of Medicine 1992; 327: 1350–5.
14 RS Strauss . Childhood obesity and self-esteem. Pediatrics 2000; 105: e15.
15 KK Davison , LL Birch . Weight status, parent reaction, and self-concept in five-year-old girls. Pediatrics 2001; 107: 46–53.
16 SH Kelder , CL Perry , KI Klepp , LL Lytle . Longitudinal tracking of adolescent smoking, physical activity, and food choice behaviors. American Journal of Public Health 1994; 84: 1121–6.
17 KF Janz , JD Dawson , LT Mahoney . Tracking physical fitness and physical activity from childhood to adolescence: the muscatine study. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2000; 32: 1250–7.
18 V Burke , LJ Beilin , D Dunbar . Family lifestyle and parental body mass index as predictors of body mass index in Australian children: a longitudinal study. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 2001; 25: 147–57.
20 MJ Muller , M Mast , I Asbeck , K Langnase , A Grund . Prevention of obesity–is it possible? Obesity Reviews 2001; 2: 15–28.
22 AM Glenny , S O'Meara , A Melville , TA Sheldon , C Wilson . The treatment and prevention of obesity: a systematic review of the literature. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 1997; 21: 715–37.
23 JJ Reilly , ML Wilson , CD Summerbell , DC Wilson . Obesity: diagnosis, prevention, and treatment; evidence based answers to common questions. Archives of Disease in Childhood 2002; 86: 392–4.
25 W Hardeman , S Griffin , M Johnston , AL Kinmonth , NJ Wareham . Interventions to prevent weight gain: a systematic review of psychological models and behaviour change methods. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 2000; 24: 131–43.
26 LH Epstein , GS Goldfield . Physical activity in the treatment of childhood overweight and obesity: current evidence and research issues. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 1999; 31(Suppl. 11): 553S–9S.
27 JJ Reilly , ZC McDowell . Physical activity interventions in the prevention and treatment of paediatric obesity: systematic review and critical appraisal. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 2003; 62: 611–9.
28 M Story . School-based approaches for preventing and treating obesity. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 1999; 23(Suppl. 2): 43S–51S.
29 K Resnicow . School-based obesity prevention. Population versus high-risk interventions. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1993; 699: 154–66.
30 CM Doak , TL Visscher , CM Renders , JC Seidell . The prevention of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents: a review of interventions and programmes. Obesity Reviews 2006; 7: 111–36.
31 MA Flynn , DA McNeil , B Maloff , D Mutasingwa , M Wu , C Ford , . Reducing obesity and related chronic disease risk in children and youth: a synthesis of evidence with ‘best practice’ recommendations. Obesity Reviews 2006; 7 (Suppl. 1): 7S–66S.
32 J Green , K Tones . Towards a secure evidence base for health promotion. Journal of Public Health Medicine 1999; 21: 133–9.
33 D Stokols . Establishing and maintaining healthy environments. Toward a social ecology of health promotion. The American Psychologist 1992; 47: 6–22.
34 DA Cohen , RA Scribner , TA Farley . A structural model of health behavior: a pragmatic approach to explain and influence health behaviors at the population level. Preventive Medicine 2000; 30: 146–54.
36 KK Davison , LL Birch . Childhood overweight: a contextual model and recommendations for future research. Obesity Reviews 2001; 2: 159–71.
37 RV Luepker , CL Perry , SM McKinlay , PR Nader , GS Parcel , EJ Stone , . Outcomes of a field trial to improve children's dietary patterns and physical activity. The Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health. CATCH Collaborative Group. Journal of the American Medical Association 1996; 275: 768–76.
39 SA French , G Stables . Environmental interventions to promote vegetable and fruit consumption among youth in school settings. Preventive Medicine 2003; 37: 593–610.
42 JD Killen , MJ Telch , TN Robinson , N Maccoby , CB Taylor , JW Farquhar . Cardiovascular disease risk reduction for tenth graders. A multiple-factor school-based approach. Journal of the American Medical Association 1988; 260: 1728–33.
44 S Saarilehto , H Lapinleimu , S Keskinen , H Helenius , O Simell . Body satisfaction in 8-year-old children after long-term dietary counseling in a prospective randomized atherosclerosis prevention trial. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 2003; 157: 753–8.
45 SB Austin , AE Field , J Wiecha , KE Peterson , SL Gortmaker . The impact of a school-based obesity prevention trial on disordered weight-control behaviors in early adolescent girls. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 2005; 159: 225–30.
46 PO Monteiro , CG Victora . Rapid growth in infancy and childhood and obesity in later life–a systematic review. Obesity Reviews 2005; 6: 143–54.
48 KK Ong , PM Emmett , S Noble , A Ness , DB Dunger . Dietary energy intake at the age of 4 months predicts postnatal weight gain and childhood body mass index. Pediatrics 2006; 117: e503–8.
49 ML Hediger , MD Overpeck , KR Maurer , RJ Kuczmarski , A McGlynn , WW Davis . Growth of infants and young children born small or large for gestational age: findings from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 1998; 152: 1225–31.
50 SP Garnett , CT Cowell , LA Baur , RA Fay , J Lee , J Coakley , . Abdominal fat and birth size in healthy prepubertal children. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 2001; 25: 1667–73.
52 S Arenz , R Ruckerl , B Koletzko , R von Kries . Breast-feeding and childhood obesity–a systematic review. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 2004; 28: 1247–56.
53 NF Butte . The role of breastfeeding in obesity. Pediatric Clinics of North America 2001; 48: 189–98.
54 KG Dewey . Is breastfeeding protective against child obesity? Journal of Human Lactation 2003; 19: 9–18.
55 CG Owen , RM Martin , PH Whincup , GD Smith , DG Cook . Effect of infant feeding on the risk of obesity across the life course: a quantitative review of published evidence. Pediatrics 2005; 115: 1367–77.
56 J Tulldahl , K Pettersson , SW Andersson , L Hulthen . Mode of infant feeding and achieved growth in adolescence: early feeding patterns in relation to growth and body composition in adolescence. Obesity Research 1999; 7: 431–7.
57 NF Butte , WW Wong , JM Hopkinson , EO Smith , KJ Ellis . Infant feeding mode affects early growth and body composition. Pediatrics 2000; 106: 1355–66.
59 CL Perry , RV Luepker , DM Murray , MD Hearn , A Halper , B Dudovitz , . Parent involvement with children's health promotion: a one-year follow-up of the Minnesota home team. Health Education Quarterly 1989; 16: 171–80.
61 M Golan , S Crow . Targeting parents exclusively in the treatment of childhood obesity: long-term results. Obesity Reviews 2004; 12: 357–61.
62 JF Sallis , TL McKenzie , TL Conway , JP Elder , JJ Prochaska , M Brown , . Environmental interventions for eating and physical activity: a randomized controlled trial in middle schools. The American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2003; 24: 209–17.
63 J Kain , R Uauy , C Albala , F Vio , R Cerda , B Leyton . School-based obesity prevention in Chilean primary school children: methodology and evaluation of a controlled study. International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders 2004; 28: 483–93.
64 SL Gortmaker , K Peterson , J Wiecha , AM Sobol , S Dixit , MK Fox , . Reducing obesity via a school-based interdisciplinary intervention among youth: Planet Health. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 1999; 153: 409–18.
65 SL Gortmaker , LW Cheung , KE Peterson , G Chomitz , JH Cradle , H Dart , . Impact of a school-based interdisciplinary intervention on diet and physical activity among urban primary school children: eat well and keep moving. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 1999; 153: 975–83.
66 JD Killen , TN Robinson , MJ Telch , KE Saylor , DJ Maron , T Rich , . The Stanford Adolescent Heart Health Program. Health Education Quarterly 1989; 16: 263–83.
69 LY Wang , Q Yang , R Lowry , H Wechsler . Economic analysis of a school-based obesity prevention program. Obesity Research 2003; 11: 1313–24.