Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

A compilation of energy costs of physical activities

  • Mario Vaz (a1), Nadine Karaolis (a2), Alizon Draper (a2) and Prakash Shetty (a2)
Abstract
AbstractObjectives

There were two objectives: first, to review the existing data on energy costs of specified activities in the light of the recommendations made by the Joint Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization/United Nations University (FAO/WHO/UNU) Expert Consultation of 1985. Second, to compile existing data on the energy costs of physical activities for an updated annexure of the current Expert Consultation on Energy and Protein Requirements.

Design

Electronic and manual search of the literature (predominantly English) to obtain published data on the energy costs of physical activities. The majority of the data prior to 1955 were obtained using an earlier compilation of Passmore and Durnin. Energy costs were expressed as physical activity ratio (PAR); the energy cost of the activity divided by either the measured or predicted basal metabolic rate (BMR).

Results

The compilation provides PARs for an expanded range of activities that include general personal activities, transport, domestic chores, occupational activities, sports and other recreational activities for men and women, separately, where available. The present compilation is largely in agreement with the 1985 compilation, for activities that are common to both compilations.

Conclusions

The present compilation has been based on the need to provide data on adults for a wide spectrum of human activity. There are, however, lacunae in the available data for many activities, between genders, across age groups and in various physiological states.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      A compilation of energy costs of physical activities
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      A compilation of energy costs of physical activities
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      A compilation of energy costs of physical activities
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email mariovaz@iphcr.res.in
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

14 G Costa , F Berti , A Betta . Physiological cost of apple-farming activities. Applied Ergonomics 1989; 20: 281–6.

16 SR Datta , BB Chatterjee , BN Roy . The energy cost of rickshaw pulling. Ergonomics 1978; 21: 879–86.

17 SR Datta , BB Chatterjee , BN Roy . The energy cost of pulling handcarts (‘thela’). Ergonomics 1983; 26: 461–4.

25 DL Dufour . The time and energy expenditure of indigenous women horticulturalists in the Northwest Amazon. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 1984; 65: 3746.

27 OG Edholm , S Humphrey , JA Lourie , BE Tredre , J Brotherhood . Energy expenditure and climatic exposure of Yemenite and Kurdish Jews in Israel. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences 1973; 266: 127–40.

28 WC Edmundson , SA Edmundson . Energy balance, nutrient intake and discretionary activity in a South Indian village. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 1989; 22: 253–65.

39 V Louhevaara , P Teraslinna , P Pirila , S Salmio , J Ilmarinen . Physiological responses during and after intermittent sorting of postal parcels. Ergonomics 1988; 31: 1165–75.

40 MS Malhotra , U Chandra , K Sridharan . Dietary intake and energy requirements of Indian submariners in tropical waters. Ergonomics 1976; 19: 141–8.

42 E Montgomery , A Johnson . Machiguenga energy expenditure. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 1977; 6: 97105.

43 PK Nag , P Dutt . Circulo-respiratory efficiency in some agricultural work. Applied Ergonomics 1980; 11: 81–4.

45 NG Norgan , A Ferro-Luzzi , JVGA Durnin . The energy and nutrient intake and the energy expenditure of 204 New Guinean adults. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences 1974; 268: 309–48.

47 K Oberoi , MK Dhillon , SS Miglani . A study of energy expenditure during manual and machine washing of clothes in India. Ergonomics 1983; 26: 375–8.

48 AK Pal , DK Sinha . The energy cost of metalliferous mining operations in relation to the aerobic capacity of Indian miners. Ergonomics 1994; 37: 1047–54.

52 A Samanta , BB Chatterjee . A physiological study of manual lifting of loads in Indians. Ergonomics 1981; 24: 557–64.

53 A Samanta , SR Datta , BN Roy , A Chaterjee , PK Mukherjee . Estimation of maximal permissible loads to be carried by Indians of different ages. Ergonomics 1987; 30: 825–31.

55 LM Sheldahl , NA Wilke , SM Dougherty , SG Levandoski , MD Hoffman , FE Tristani . Effect of age and coronary artery disease on response to snow shoveling. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 1992; 20: 1111–7.

60 B Torun , J McGuire , RD Mendoza . Energy cost of activities of women from a rural region of Guatemala. Nutrition Research 1982; 2: 127–36.

61 GP Town , N Sol , WE Sinning . The effect of rope skipping rate on energy expenditure of males and females. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 1980; 12: 295–8.

63 NA Wilke , LM Sheldahl , SM Dougherty , RD Hanna , GA Nickele , FE Tristani . Energy expenditure during household tasks in women with coronary artery disease. American Journal of Cardiology 1995; 75: 670–4.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 471 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 279 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 29th May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.