This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
1.S Wild , G Roglic , A Green , R Sicree & H King (2004) Global prevalence of diabetes: estimates for the year 2000 and projections for 2030. Diabetes Care 27, 1047–1053.
5.RM van Dam & EJ Feskens (2002) Coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Lancet 360, 1477–1478.
6.E Salazar-Martinez , WC Willett , A Ascherio , JE Manson , MF Leitzmann , MJ Stampfer & FB Hu (2004) Coffee consumption and risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Ann Intern Med 140, 1–8.
7.S Carlsson , N Hammar , V Grill & J Kaprio (2004) Coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes in Finnish twins. Int J Epidemiol 33, 616–617.
8.RM van Dam , JM Dekker , G Nijpels , CD Stehouwer , LM Bouter & RJ Heine (2004) Coffee consumption and incidence of impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, and type 2 diabetes: the Hoorn Study. Diabetologia 47, 2152–2159.
9.A Rosengren , A Dotevall , L Wilhelmsen , D Thelle & S Johansson (2004) Coffee and incidence of diabetes in Swedish women: a prospective 18-year follow-up study. J Intern Med 255, 89–95.
10.J Tuomilehto , G Hu , S Bidel , J Lindstrom & P Jousilahti (2004) Coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus among middle-aged Finnish men and women. JAMA 291, 1213–1219.
11.RM van Dam , WC Willett , JE Manson & FB Hu (2006) Coffee, caffeine, and risk of type 2 diabetes: a prospective cohort study in younger and middle-aged US women. Diabetes Care 29, 398–403.
12.MA Pereira , ED Parker & AR Folsom (2006) Coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: an 11-year prospective study of 28 812 postmenopausal women. Arch Intern Med 166, 1311–1316.
13.G Hu , P Jousilahti , M Peltonen , S Bidel & J Tuomilehto (2006) Joint association of coffee consumption and other factors to the risk of type 2 diabetes: a prospective study in Finland. Int J Obes (Lond) 30, 1742–1749.
14.JA Greenberg , KV Axen , R Schnoll & CN Boozer (2005) Coffee, tea and diabetes: the role of weight loss and caffeine. Int J Obes (Lond) 29, 1121–1129.
15.NP Paynter , HC Yeh , S Voutilainen , MI Schmidt , G Heiss , AR Folsom , FL Brancati & WH Kao (2006) Coffee and sweetened beverage consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. Am J Epidemiol 164, 1075–1084.
16.A Reunanen , M Heliovaara & K Aho (2003) Coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Lancet 361, 702–703.
17.A Saremi , M Tulloch-Reid & WC Knowler (2003) Coffee consumption and the incidence of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 26, 2211–2212.
19.KL Tucker , LA Bianchi , J Maras & OI Bermudez (1998) Adaptation of a food frequency questionnaire to assess diets of Puerto Rican and non-Hispanic adults. Am J Epidemiol 148, 507–518.
22.MR Garcia-Palmieri , R Costas Jr, M Cruz-Vidal , PD Sorlie & RJ Havlik (1982) Increased physical activity: a protective factor against heart attacks in Puerto Rico. Am J Cardiol 50, 749–755.
24.F Donato , P Boffetta , R Fazioli , U Gelatti & S Porru (1998) Reliability of data on smoking habit and coffee drinking collected by personal interview in a hospital-based case–control study. Eur J Epidemiol 14, 259–267.
25.GB Schreiber , CE Maffeo , M Robins , MN Masters & AP Bond (1988) Measurement of coffee and caffeine intake: implications for epidemiologic research. Prev Med 17, 280–294.
26.RM van Dam & FB Hu (2005) Coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review. JAMA 294, 97–104.
27.J Ma & J Hampl (2000) Clustering of lifestyle behaviors: the relationship between cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and dietary intake. Am J Health Promot 15, 107–117.
28.KJ Mukamal , EL Ding & L Djousse (2006) Alcohol consumption, physical activity, and chronic disease risk factors: a population-based cross-sectional survey. BMC Public Health 6, 118.
29.MF McCarty (2005) Magnesium may mediate the favorable impact of whole grains on insulin sensitivity by acting as a mild calcium antagonist. Med Hypotheses 64, 619–627.
30.MF McCarty (2005) A chlorogenic acid-induced increase in GLP-1 production may mediate the impact of heavy coffee consumption on diabetes risk. Med Hypotheses 64, 848–853.
31.C La Vecchia (2005) Coffee, liver enzymes, cirrhosis and liver cancer. J Hepatol 42, 444–446.