This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
1A Steptoe , J Wardle . What the experts think: a European study of expert opinion about the influence of lifestyle on health. Eur. J. Epidemiol. 1994; 10: 195–203.
2R Ashenden , C Silagy , D Weller . A systematic review of the effectiveness of promoting lifestyle change in general practice. Fam. Pract. 1997; 14: 160–76.
3SN Blair , E Horton , AS Leon , Physical activity, nutrition, and chronic disease. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 1996; 28: 335–49.
6JO Hill , JC Peters . Environmental contributions to the obesity epidemic. Science 1998; 280: 1371–4.
8A Drenoski , BM Potkin . The nutrition transition: trends in the global diet. Nutr. Rev. 1997; 55: 31–43.
10TP Gill . Key issues in the prevention of obesity. Br. Med. Bull. 1997; 53: 359–88.
11RW Jeffery . Community programs for obesity prevention. Obes. Res. 1995; 3: S203–8.
12G Cowburn , M Hillsdwon , CR Hankey . Obesity management by life-style strategies. Br. Med. Bull. 1997; 53: 389–408.
13EH Coakley , EB Rimm , G Colditz , I Kawachi , W Willett . Predictors of weight change in men: results from the health professionals follow-up study. Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. 1998; 22: 89–96.
15RL Kolotkin , S Head , M Hamilton . Assessing the impact of weight on quality of life. Obes. Res. 1995; 3: 49–56.
19JD Prochaska , JC Norcross , JL Fowler . Attendance and outcome at work control program: processes and stages of change as process and predictor variables. Addict. Behav. 1992; 17: 35–45.
20AM Kriska , CJ Caspersen . Introduction to a collection of physical activity questionnaires. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 1997; 29: S5–9.
23WHO–Monica Project. Risk factors. Int. J. Epidemiol. 1989; 18: S46–56.
25AM Prentice , SA Jebb . Obesity in Britain: gluttony or sloth? BMJ 1995; 311: 437–9.
27SL Gortmaker , A Must , JM Perrin , AM Sobal , WH Dietz . Social and economic consequences of overweight in adolescents and young adulthood. N. Engl. J. Med. 1993; 329: 1008–12.
29PJ Brown . Culture and the evolution of obesity. Hum. Nat. 1991; 2: 31–57.
31TI Sorenssen , C Holst , AJ Stunkard . Adoption study of environmental modifications of the genetic influences on obesity. Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. 1998; 22: 73–81.
32J Sundquist , SE Johansson . The influence of socio-economic status, ethnicity and lifestyle on body mass index in a longitudinal study. Int. J. Epidemiol. 1998; 27: 57–63.
34SP Wamala , A Wolk , K Orth-Gomer . Determinants of obesity in relation to socio-economic status among middle-aged Swedish women. Prev. Med. 1997; 26: 734–44.
35J Sobal , BS Rauschenbach , EA Frongillo Jr. Marital status, fatness and obesity. Soc. Sci. Med. 1992; 35: 915–23.
36EH Friedman . Fatness and obesity among married men at lower risk for mortality and morbidity may be due to less physiological arousal. Soc. Sci. Med. 1993; 36: 583.
37HS Kahn , DF Williamson , JA Stevens . Race and weight change in US women: the roles of socio-economic and marital status. Am. J. Public Health 1991; 81: 319–23.
38AA Herman , KF Yu . Adolescent age at first pregnancy and subsequent obesity. Paediatr. Perinat. Epidemiol. 1997; 11: 130–41.
39WS Wolfe , J Sobal , CM Olson , EA Frongillo Jr. Parity-associated body weight: modification by socio-demographic and behavioural factors. Obes. Res. 1997; 5: 131–41.
40DF Williamson . Smoking cessation and severity of weight gain in a national cohort. N. Engl. J. Med. 1991; 324: 739–45.
42AA Al-Nuaim , EA Bamgboye , KA Al-Rubeaan , Y Al-Mazrou . Overweight and obesity in Saudi Arabian adult population: role of socio-demographic variables. J. Comm. Health 1997; 22: 211–23.
46SJ Fitzgerald , AM Kriska , MA Pereira , MP De-Courten . Associations among physical activity, television watching and obesity in adult Pima Indians. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 1997; 29: 910–15.
47JD Prochaska , WF Velicer , JS Rossi . Stages of change and decisional balance for 12 problem behaviours. Health Psychol. 1994; 13: 39–46.
48N Haapanen , S Miilunpalo , M Pasanen , P Oja , I Vouri , Association between leisure time physical activity and 10 year body mass change among working-aged men and women. Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. 1997; 21: 288–96.
51AI Talvi , JO Jarvisalo , LR Knuts , PR Kaitaniemi . Life-style related health promotion needs in oil refinery employees. Occup. Med. 1998; 48: 45–53.
53A Steptoe , J Wardle , R Fuller , Leisure-time physical exercise: prevalence, attitudinal correlates, and behavioural correlates among young Europeans from 21 countries. Prev. Med. 1997; 26: 845–54.
55WG Johnson , LK Hinkle , RE Carr , Dietary and exercise interventions for juvenile obesity: long-term effect of behavioural and public health models. Obes. Res. 1997; 5: 257–61.
56M Stafford , H Hemingway , M Marmot . Current obesity, steady weight change and weight fluctuation as predictors of physical functioning in middle aged office workers: the Whitehall II study. Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. 1998; 22: 23–31.
59SN Blair , M Nooth , I Gyarfas , Development of public policy and physical activity initiatives internationally. Sports Med. 1996; 21: 157–63.
60KM Hendricks , NH Herbold . Diet, activity, and other health-related behaviours in college-age women. Nutr. Rev. 1998; 56: 65–75.