1.Committee to Review Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D (2010) Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D. Washington, DC: Institute of Medicine of the National Academies.
2.Wang, TJ, Pencina, MJ, Booth, SL et al. (2008) Vitamin D deficiency and risk of cardiovascular disease. Circulation 117, 503–511.
3.Dobnig, H, Pilz, S, Scharnagl, H et al. (2008) Independent association of low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D levels with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Arch Intern Med 168, 1340–1349.
4.Melamed, ML, Michos, ED, Post, W et al. (2008) 25-Hydroxyvitamin D levels and the risk of mortality in the general population. Arch Intern Med 168, 1629–1637.
5.Melamed, ML, Muntner, P, Michos, ED et al. (2008) Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and the prevalence of peripheral arterial disease: results from NHANES 2001 to 2004. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 28, 1179–1185.
6.Dong, Y, Stallmann-Jorgenson, IS, Pollock, NK et al. (2010) A 16-week randomized clinical trial of 2,000 IU daily vitamin D3 supplementation in black youth: 25-hydroxyvitamin D, adiposity, and arterial stiffness. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95, 4584–4591.
7.Reis, JP, von Mühlen, D, Miller, ER 3rd et al. (2009) Vitamin D status and cardiometabolic risk factors in the United States adolescent population. Pediatrics 124, e371–e379.
8.Kumar, J, Muntner, P, Kaskel, FJ et al. (2009) Prevalence and associations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency in US children: NHANES 2001–2004. Pediatrics 124, e362–e370.
9.Sabetta, JR, DePetrillo, P, Cipriani, RJ et al. (2010) Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and the incidence of acute viral respiratory tract infections in healthy adults. PlosOne 5, e11088.
10.Moan, J, Porojnicu, AC, Dahlback, A et al. (2008) Addressing the health benefits and risks, involving vitamin D or skin cancer, of increased sun exposure. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 105, 668–673.
11.Brehm, JM, Schuemann, B, Fuhlbrigge, AL et al. (2010) Serum vitamin D levels and severe asthma exacerbations in the Childhood Asthma Management Program study. J Allergy Clin Immunol 126, 52–63.
12.Urashima, M, Segawa, T, Okazaki, M et al. (2010) Randomized trial of vitamin D supplementation to prevent seasonal influenza A in schoolchildren. Am J Clin Nutr 91, 1255–1260.
13.Grant, WB (2002) An estimate of premature cancer mortality in the US due to inadequate doses of solar ultraviolet-B radiation. Cancer 70, 2861–2869.
14.Lappe, JM, Travers-Gustafson, D, Davies, KM et al. (2007) Vitamin D and calcium supplementation reduces cancer risk: results of a randomized trial. Am J Clin Nutr 85, 1586–1591.
15.Holick, MF (2007) Vitamin D deficiency. N Engl J Med 357, 266–281.
16.Adams, JS & Hewison, M (2010) Update in vitamin D. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95, 471–478.
17.Lee, JM, Smith, JR, Philipp, BL et al. (2007) Vitamin D deficiency in a healthy group of mothers and newborn infants. Clin Pediatr 46, 42–44.
18.Bodnar, LM, Catov, JM, Simhan, HN et al. (2007) Maternal vitamin D deficiency increases the risk of preeclampsia. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92, 3517–3522.
19.Merewood, A, Mehta, SD, Chen, TC et al. (2009) Association between vitamin D deficiency and primary cesarean section. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 94, 940–945.
20.Hypponen, E, Laara, E, Jarvelin, M-R et al. (2001) Intake of vitamin D and risk of type 1 diabetes: a birth-cohort study. Lancet 358, 1500–1503.