1.Hooper, L, Summerbell, C, Higgins, Jet al. (2001) Dietary fat intake and prevention of cardiovascular disease: systematic review. BMJ 322, 757–763.
2.Appel, L, Brands, M, Daniels, Set al. (2006) Dietary approaches to prevent and treat hypertension: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Hypertension 47, 296–308.
3.Langlois, K, Garriguet, D & Findlay, L (2009) Diet composition and obesity among Canadian adults. Health Rep 20, issue 4, 11–20.
4.Lim, S, Vos, T, Flaxman, Aet al. (2012) A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the global burden of disease study 2010. Lancet 380, 2224–2260.
6.Wang, Y & Lobstein, T (2006) Worldwide trends in childhood overweight and obesity. Int J Pediatr Obes 1, 11–25.
7.Franks, P, Hanson, R, Knowler, Wet al. (2010) Childhood obesity, other cardiovascular risk factors, and premature death. N Engl J Med 462, 485–493.
8.Herman, K, Craig, C, Gauvin, Let al. (2009) Tracking of obesity and physical activity from childhood to adulthood: the Physical Activity Longitudinal Study. Int J Pediatr Obes 4, 281–288.
9.Veugelers, P & Fitzgerald, A (2005) Prevalence of and risk factors for childhood overweight and obesity. CMAJ 173, 607–613.
10.Veugelers, P, Fitzgerald, A & Johnston, E (2005) Dietary intake and risk factors for poor diet quality among children in Nova Scotia. Can J Public Health 96, 212–216.
11.Patrick, H & Nicklas, T (2005) A review of family and social determinants of children's eating patterns and diet quality. J Am Coll Nutr 24, 83–92.
12.St-Onge, M, Keller, K & Heymsfield, S (2003) Changes in childhood food consumption patterns: a cause for concern in light of increasing body weight. Am J Clin Nutr 78, 1068–1073.
13.French, S, Harnack, L & Jeffery, R (2000) Fast-food restaurant use among women in the Pound of Prevention study: dietary, behavioural and demographic correlates. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 24, 1353–1359.
14.Kant, A & Graubard, B (2004) Eating out in America, 1987–2000: trends and nutritional correlates. Prev Med 38, 243–249.
15.French, S, Story, M & Jeffery, R (2001) Environmental influences on eating and physical activity. Annu Rev Public Health 22, 309–335.
16.Satia, J, Galanko, J & Siega-Riz, A (2004) Eating at fast-food restaurants is associated with dietary intake, demographic, psychosocial and behavioural factors among African Americans in North Carolina. Public Health Nutr 7, 1089–1096.
17.Schmidt, M, Affenito, S, Striegel-Moore, Ret al. (2005) Fast-food intake and diet quality in black and white girls: the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Growth and Health Study. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 159, 626–631.
18.Pereira, M, Kartashov, A, Ebbeling, Cet al. (2005) Fast-food habits, weight gain, and insulin resistance (The CARDIA Study): 15-year prospective analysis. Lancet 365, 36–42.
19.Thompson, O, Ballew, C, Resnicow, Ket al. (2004) Food purchased away from home as a predictor of change in BMI z-score among girls. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28, 282–289.
20.Brownell, KD (2004) Fast-food and obesity in children. Pediatrics 113, 132.
21.Powell, L, Chaloupka, F & Bao, Y (2007) The availability of fast-food and full-service restaurants in the United States: associations with neighbourhood characteristics. Am J Prev Med 33, Suppl. 4, S240–S245.
22.French, S, Story, M & Jeffery, R (2001) Environmental influences on eating and physical activity. Annu Rev Public Health 22, 309–335.
23.Bowman, S, Gortmaker, S, Ebbeling, Cet al. (2004) Effects of fast-food consumption on energy intake and diet quality among children in a national household survey. Pediatrics 113, 112–118.
24.Lin, B, Guthrie, J & Frazao, E (1999) Away-from-Home Foods Increasingly Important to Quality of American Diet. Agriculture Information Bulletin no. AIB-749. Washington, DC: US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
25.Drewnowski, A & Rehm, C (2013) Energy intakes of US children and adults by food purchase location and by specific food source. Nutr J 12, 59.
30.O'Donnell, S, Hoerr, S, Mendoza, Jet al. (2008) Nutrient quality of fast food kids meals. Am J Clin Nutr 88, 1388–1395.
35.IBISWorld (2011) Global hotels and restaurants: G4621-GL Global fast food restaurants. In IBISWorld Global Industries Report. Santa Monica, CA: IBISWorld
36.He, F & MacGregor, G (2007) Dietary salt, high blood pressure and other harmful effects on health. In: Reducing Salt in Foods: Practical Strategies, pp. 18–54 [D Kilcast and F Angus, editors]. Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing.
37.Dunford, E, Webster, J, Woodward, Met al. (2012) The variability of reported salt levels in fast foods across six countries: opportunities for salt reduction. CMAJ 184, 1023–1028.
38.Bruemmer, B, Krieger, J, Saelens, Bet al. (2012) Energy, saturated fat, and sodium were lower in entrees at chain restaurants at 18 months compared with 6 months following the implementation of mandatory menu labeling regulation in King County, Washington. J Acad Nutr Diet 112, 1169–1176.
41.Girgis, S, Neal, B, Prescott, Jet al. (2003) A one-quarter reduction in the salt content of bread can be made without detection. Eur J Clin Nutr 57, 616–620.
43.Bibbins-Domingo, K, Chertow, GM, Coxson, PGet al. (2010) Projected effect of dietary salt reductions on future cardiovascular disease. N Engl J Med 362, 590–599.