Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Access
  • Cited by 4
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Bryant, Maria LeCroy, Madison Sahota, Pinki Cai, Jianwen and Stevens, June 2016. Validity and reliability of the semi-quantitative self-report Home Food Availability Inventory Checklist (HFAI-C) in White and South Asian populations. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, Vol. 13, Issue. 1,

    Gichunge, Catherine Somerset, Shawn and Harris, Neil 2016. Using a Household Food Inventory to Assess the Availability of Traditional Vegetables among Resettled African Refugees. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 13, Issue. 1, p. 137.

    Lohse, Barbara 2015. The Satter Eating Competence Inventory for Low-income persons is a valid measure of eating competence for persons of higher socioeconomic position. Appetite, Vol. 87, p. 223.

    Ball, Kylie and Thornton, Lukar 2013. Food environments: measuring, mapping, monitoring and modifying. Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 16, Issue. 07, p. 1147.


Validation of a home food inventory among low-income Spanish- and Somali-speaking families

  • Mary O Hearst (a1), Jayne A Fulkerson (a2), Michelle Parke (a1) (a2) and Lauren Martin (a3)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 04 October 2012

To refine and validate an existing home food inventory (HFI) for low-income Somali- and Spanish-speaking families.


Formative assessment was conducted using two focus groups, followed by revisions of the HFI, translation of written materials and instrument validation in participants’ homes.


Twin Cities Metropolitan Area, Minnesota, USA.


Thirty low-income families with children of pre-school age (fifteen Spanish-speaking; fifteen Somali-speaking) completed the HFI simultaneously with, but independently of, a trained staff member. Analysis consisted of calculation of both item-specific and average food group kappa coefficients, specificity, sensitivity and Spearman's correlation between participants’ and staff scores as a means of assessing criterion validity of individual items, food categories and the obesogenic score.


The formative assessment revealed the need for few changes/additions for food items typically found in Spanish-speaking households. Somali-speaking participants requested few additions, but many deletions, including frozen processed food items, non-perishable produce and many sweets as they were not typical food items kept in the home. Generally, all validity indices were within an acceptable range, with the exception of values associated with items such as ‘whole wheat bread’ (κ = 0·16). The obesogenic score (presence of high-fat, high-energy foods) had high criterion validity with κ = 0·57, sensitivity = 91·8 %, specificity = 70·6 % and Spearman correlation = 0·78.


The revised HFI is a valid assessment tool for use among Spanish and Somali households. This instrument refinement and validation process can be replicated with other population groups.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Validation of a home food inventory among low-income Spanish- and Somali-speaking families
      Available formats
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Validation of a home food inventory among low-income Spanish- and Somali-speaking families
      Available formats
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Validation of a home food inventory among low-income Spanish- and Somali-speaking families
      Available formats
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

3.SS Sun , GD Grave , RM Siervogel et al. (2007) Systolic blood pressure in childhood predicts hypertension and metabolic syndrome later in life. Pediatrics 119, 237246.

4.SS Sun , R Liang , TT Huang et al. (2008) Childhood obesity predicts adult metabolic syndrome: the Fels Longitudinal Study. J Pediatr 152, 191200.

5.A Must , PF Jacques , GE Dallal et al. (1992) Long-term morbidity and mortality of overweight adolescents. A follow-up of the Harvard Growth Study of 1922 to 1935. N Engl J Med 327, 13501355.

6.SE Anderson & RC Whitaker (2009) Prevalence of obesity among US preschool children in different racial and ethnic groups. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 163, 344348.

7.ML Fitzgibbon & M Stolley (2006) Promoting health in an unhealthful environment: lifestyle challenges for children and adolescents. J Am Diet Assoc 106, 518522.

8.JF Sallis , PR Nader , SL Broyles et al. (1993) Correlates of physical activity at home in Mexican-American and Anglo-American preschool children. Health Psychol 12, 390398.

9.DL Olstad & L McCargar (2009) Prevention of overweight and obesity in children under the age of 6 years. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 34, 551570.

10.P Kratt , K Reynolds & R Shewchuk (2000) The role of availability as a moderator of family fruit and vegetable consumption. Health Educ Behav 27, 471482.

11.HA Raynor , BA Polley , RR Wing et al. (2004) Is dietary fat intake related to liking or household availability of high- and low-fat foods? Obes Res 12, 816823.

12.KW Cullen , T Baranowski , E Owens et al. (2003) Availability, accessibility, and preferences for fruit, 100 % fruit juice, and vegetables influence children's dietary behavior. Health Educ Behav 30, 615626.

13.JA Fulkerson , MC Nelson , L Lytle et al. (2008) The validation of a home food inventory. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 5, 55.

14.NJ Spurrier , AA Magarey , R Golley et al. (2008) Relationships between the home environment and physical activity and dietary patterns of preschool children: a cross-sectional study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 5, 31.

16.SA French , BH Lin & JF Guthrie (2003) National trends in soft drink consumption among children and adolescents age 6 to 17 years: prevalence, amounts, and sources, 1977/1978 to 1994/1998. J Am Diet Assoc 103, 13261331.

19.M Bryant & J Stevens (2006) Measurement of food availability in the home. Nutr Rev 64, 6776.

21.T Marsh , KW Cullen & T Baranowski (2003) Validation of a fruit, juice, and vegetable availability questionnaire. J Nutr Educ Behav 35, 9397.

22.C Miller & L Edwards (2002) Development and validation of a shelf inventory to evaluate household food purchases among older adults with diabetes mellitus. J Nutr Educ Behav 34, 261267.

25.DS Grigsby-Toussaint , SN Zenk , A Odoms-Young et al. (2010) Availability of commonly consumed and culturally specific fruits and vegetables in African-American and Latino neighborhoods. J Am Diet Assoc 110, 746752.

26.DJ Graham & RW Jeffery (2011) Location, location, location: eye-tracking evidence that consumers preferentially view prominently positioned nutrition information. J Am Diet Assoc 111, 17041711.

27.G Cowburn & L Stockley (2005) Consumer understanding and use of nutrition labelling: a systematic review. Public Health Nutr 8, 2128.

28.DL Rosenmoller , D Gasevic , J Seidell et al. (2011) Determinants of changes in dietary patterns among Chinese immigrants: a cross-sectional analysis. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 8, 42.

31.SB Jilcott , ED Wall-Bassett , SC Burke et al. (2011) Associations between food insecurity, supplemental nutrition assistance program (SNAP) benefits, and body mass index among adult females. J Am Diet Assoc 111, 17411745.

33.JA Fulkerson , MY Kubik , S Rydell et al. (2011) Focus groups with working parents of school-aged children: what's needed to improve family meals? J Nutr Educ Behav 43, 189193.

34.JA Fulkerson , M Story , D Neumark-Sztainer et al. (2008) Family meals: perceptions of benefits and challenges among parents of 8- to 10-year-old children. J Am Diet Assoc 108, 706709.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *