Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Variations in fresh fruit and vegetable quality by store type, urban–rural setting and neighbourhood deprivation in Scotland

  • Steven Cummins (a1), Dianna M Smith (a1), Mathew Taylor (a2), John Dawson (a2) (a3) (a4), David Marshall (a2), Leigh Sparks (a3) and Annie S Anderson (a5)...
Abstract
AbstractObjective

Neighbourhood differences in access to fresh fruit and vegetables may explain social inequalities in diet. Investigations have focused on variations in cost and availability as barriers to the purchase and consumption of fresh produce; investigations of quality have been neglected. Here we investigate whether produce quality systematically varies by food store type, rural–urban location and neighbourhood deprivation in a selection of communities across Scotland.

Design

Cross-sectional survey of twelve fresh fruit and vegetable items in 288 food stores in ten communities across Scotland. Communities were selected to reflect a range of urban–rural settings and a food retail census was conducted in each location. The quality of twelve fruit and vegetable items within each food store was evaluated. Data from the Scottish Executive were used to characterise each small area by deprivation and urban–rural classification.

Setting

Scotland.

Results

Quality of fruit and vegetables within the surveyed stores was high. Medium-sized stores, stores in small town and rural areas, and stores in more affluent areas tended to have the highest-quality fresh fruit and vegetables. Stores where food is secondary, stores in urban settings and stores in more deprived areas tended have the lowest-quality fresh produce. Although differences in quality were not always statistically significant, patterns were consistent for the majority of fruit and vegetable items.

Conclusions

The study provides evidence that variations in food quality may plausibly be a micro-environmental mediating variable in food purchase and consumption and help partially explain neighbourhood differences in food consumption patterns.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Variations in fresh fruit and vegetable quality by store type, urban–rural setting and neighbourhood deprivation in Scotland
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Variations in fresh fruit and vegetable quality by store type, urban–rural setting and neighbourhood deprivation in Scotland
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Variations in fresh fruit and vegetable quality by store type, urban–rural setting and neighbourhood deprivation in Scotland
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Email s.c.j.cummins@qmul.ac.uk
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1. KJ Joshipura , A Ascherio , JE Manson , MJ Stampfer , EB Rimm , FE Speizer , CH Hennekens , D Spiegelman & WC Willett (1999) Fruit and vegetable intake in relation to risk of ischemic stroke. JAMA 282, 12331239.

2. KJ Joshipura , FB Hu , JE Manson (2001) The effect of fruit and vegetable intake on risk for coronary heart disease. Ann Intern Med 134, 11061114.

5. SL Booth , JF Sallis , C Ritenbaugh (2001) Environmental and societal factors affect food choice and physical activity: rationale, influences, and leverage points. Nutr Rev 59, Suppl., S21S39.

6. M Story , K Kaphingst , R Robinson-O’Brien & K Glanz (2008) Creating healthy food and eating environments: policy and environmental approaches. Annu Rev Public Health 29, 253272.

7. S Cummins & S Macintyre (2006) Food environments and obesity – neighbourhood or nation? Int J Epidemiol 35, 100104.

9. A Forsyth , S Macintyre & A Anderson (1994) Diets for disease? Intraurban variation in reported food consumption in Glasgow. Appetite 22, 259274.

11. K Morland , S Wing & A Diez Roux (2002) The contextual effect of the local food environment on residents diets: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. Am J Public Health 92, 17611767.

12. SN Zenk , AJ Schulz , T Hollis-Neely , RT Campbell , N Holmes , G Watkins , R Nwankwo & A Odoms-Young (2005) Fruit and vegetable intake in African Americans – income and store characteristics. Am J Prev Med 29, 19.

13. LV Moore & AVD Roux (2006) Associations of neighborhood characteristics with the location and type of food stores. Am J Public Health 96, 325331.

14. SN Zenk , AJ Schulz , BA Israel , SA James , SM Bao & ML Wilson (2005) Neighborhood racial composition, neighborhood poverty, and the spatial accessibility of supermarkets in metropolitan Detroit. Am J Public Health 95, 660667.

15. K Morland , S Wing , AD Roux & C Poole (2002) Neighborhood characteristics associated with the location of food stores and food service places. Am J Prev Med 22, 2329.

16. T Pearson , J Russell , MJ Campbell & ME Barker (2005) Do ‘food deserts’ influence fruit and vegetable consumption? A cross-sectional study. Appetite 45, 195197.

17. G Turrell , T Blakely , C Patterson & B Oldenburg (2004) A multilevel analysis of socioeconomic (small area) differences in household food purchasing behaviour. J Epidemiol Community Health 58, 208215.

18. J Pearce , R Hiscock , T Blakely & K Witten (2008) The contextual effects of neighbourhood access to supermarkets and convenience stores on individual fruit and vegetable consumption. J Epidemiol Community Health 62, 198201.

19. S Cummins & S Macintyre (2002) A systematic study of an urban foodscape: the price and availability of food in Greater Glasgow. Urban Studies 39, 21152130.

20. E Winkler , G Turrell & C Patterson (2006) Does living in a disadvantaged area entail limited opportunities to purchase fresh fruit and vegetables in terms of price, availability, and variety? Findings from the Brisbane Food Study. Health Place 12, 741748.

21. J Pearce , K Witten , R Hiscock & T Blakely (2007) Are socially disadvantaged neighbourhoods deprived of health-related community resources? Int J Epidemiol 36, 348355.

22. S Cummins , M Petticrew , C Higgins , A Findlay & L Sparks (2005) Large scale food retailing as an intervention for diet and health: quasi-experimental evaluation of a natural experiment. J Epidemiol Community Health 59, 10351040.

23. S Cummins , A Findlay , C Higgins , M Petticrew , L Sparks & H Thomson (2008) Reducing inequalities in health and diet: findings from a study on the impact of a food retail development. Environ Plann A 40, 402422.

24. N Wrigley , D Warm & B Margetts (2003) Deprivation, diet, and food-retail access: findings from the Leeds ‘food deserts’ study. Environ Plann A 35, 151188.

25. K Glanz , JF Sallis , BE Saelens & LD Frank (2005) Healthy nutrition environments: concepts and measures. Am J Health Promot 19, 330333.

31. S Cummins & S Macintyre (2002) ‘Food deserts’ – evidence and assumption in health policy making. BMJ 325, 436438.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Public Health Nutrition
  • ISSN: 1368-9800
  • EISSN: 1475-2727
  • URL: /core/journals/public-health-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 9
Total number of PDF views: 160 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 131 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 24th May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.