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Evolution of the Asian summer monsoon during Dansgaard/Oeschger events 13–17 recorded in a stalagmite constrained by high-precision chronology from southwest China

  • Ting-Yong Li (a1) (a2) (a3), Li-Yin Han (a1) (a2) (a3), Hai Cheng (a4), R. Lawrence Edwards (a5), Chuan-Chou Shen (a6), Hong-Chun Li (a6), Jun-Yun Li (a1), Chun-Xia Huang (a1), Tao-Tao Zhang (a1) and Xin Zhao (a1)...

A stalagmite with high 238U content from Yangkou Cave, China, revealed the evolution of the Asian summer monsoon (ASM) between 49.1 and 59.5 ka, and the δ18O values recorded Dansgaard/Oeschger (D/O) events 13–17. The Yangkou record shows a relatively gradual transition into the D/O 14 and 16 events. The discrepancy between the abrupt and gradual transitions of D/O 14 in the records from northern and southern China, respectively, suggests different responses of the ASM to climate changes in the high northern latitudes. The higher resolution δ18O record and more precise 230Th dating indicate that the timing of D/O 14 and 17 in the Hulu records at 53 and 58 ka should be shifted to 54.3 and 59 ka, respectively. The gradual strengthening of the ASM at the onsets of D/O 16 and 14 in our record is different from the abrupt temperature rise in the northern high latitudes. Some other factors must contribute to this relatively gradual ASM change in southern China, but the actual reason is still unknown.

Corresponding author
*Corresponding author at: School of Geographical Sciences, Southwest University, No. 2 Tiansheng Road, Beibei District, Chongqing 400715, China. E-mail: (T.-Y. Li).
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