Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 4
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Ter Ern Loke, Andrew 2012. On the Use of Psychological Models in Christology. The Heythrop Journal, p. n/a.

    MARMODORO, ANNA and HILL, JONATHAN 2010. Composition models of the incarnation: unity and unifying relations. Religious Studies, Vol. 46, Issue. 04, p. 469.

    Poidevin, Robin Le 2009. Incarnation: Metaphysical Issues. Philosophy Compass, Vol. 4, Issue. 4, p. 703.

    POIDEVIN, ROBIN LE 2009. Identity and the composite Christ: an incarnational dilemma. Religious Studies, Vol. 45, Issue. 02, p. 167.


The inclusion model of the Incarnation: problems and prospects

  • TIM BAYNE (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 June 2001

Thomas Morris and Richard Swinburne have recently defended what they call the ‘two-minds’ model of the Incarnation. This model, which I refer to as the ‘inclusion model’ or ‘inclusionism’, claims that Christ had two consciousnesses, a human and a divine consciousness, with the former consciousness contained within the latter one. I begin by exploring the motivation for, and structure of, inclusionism. I then develop a variety of objections to it: some philosophical, others theological in nature. Finally, I sketch a variant of inclusionism which I call ‘restricted inclusionism’ (RI); RI can evade many, but not all, of the objections to standard inclusionism.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Religious Studies
  • ISSN: 0034-4125
  • EISSN: 1469-901X
  • URL: /core/journals/religious-studies
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *