Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Organic strawberry in Mediterranean greenhouse: Effect of different production systems on soil fertility and fruit quality

  • F. Tittarelli (a1), F.G. Ceglie (a2), C. Ciaccia (a1), G. Mimiola (a2), M.L. Amodio (a3) and G. Colelli (a3)...
Abstract

In Europe, the lack of specific rules regulating organic vegetable production in protected conditions has led to the implementation of extremely diversified systems of production, at different level of intensification. In this study, we compared three strawberry organic production systems based on the following main criteria of soil fertility management: input substitution (SB), a simplified system of organic production that mimics conventional agricultural practices and two systems characterized by a more complex soil fertility management, based on the introduction, in the rotation of agroecological service crops (ASCs) and compost (AC), and of ASCs and cattle manure (AM). Strawberry yields, in the compared systems, were not significantly different in both years of our research, while, as a whole, the yield in 2013 (30.3 Mg ha−1) was significantly higher than in 2014 (28.9 Mg ha−1). Crop nitrogen (N) needs, during the entire cycle of production, were satisfied according to the same pattern by SB, AC and AM, while green manuring and organic amendments in AM and AC determined a higher soil organic N content, compared with SB. As far as the production quality is concerned, both AM and AC treatments yielded strawberry fruits similar to SB, but with better characteristics in terms of color and phenolic content. AM and AC did not differentiate statistically in the two year period of our research.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: fabio.tittarelli@crea.gov.it
References
Hide All
Atress, A.S.H., El-Mogy, M.M., Aboul-Anean, H.E., Alsaniu, B.W. 2010. Improving strawberry fruit storability by edible coating as a carrier of thymol or calcium chloride. Journal of Horticultural Science & Ornamental Plants 2(3):8897.
Amodio, M.L., Colelli, G., Hasey, J.K., and Kader, A.A. 2007. A comparative study of composition and postharvest performances of organically and conventionally grown kiwifruits. Journal of Science of Food and Agriculture 87:12281236.
Amodio, M.L., Derossi, A., and Colelli, G. 2014. Modeling phenolic content during storage of cut fruit and vegetables: A consecutive reaction mechanism. Journal of Food Engineering 140:18.
Asami, D.K., Hong, Y.J., Barrett, D.M., and Mitchell, A.E. 2003. Comparison of the total phenolic and ascorbic acid content of freeze-dried and air-dried marionberry, strawberry, and corn grown using conventional, organic, and sustainable agricultural practices. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 51(5):12371241.
Brandt, K., Leifert, C., Sanderson, R., and Seal, C.J. 2011. Agroecosystem management and nutritional quality of plant foods: The case of organic fruits and vegetables. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 30(1–2):177197.
Bugg, R.L. 1991. Cover crops and control of arthropod pests of agriculture. In Hargrove, W.L. (ed.). Cover Crops for Clean Water. Soil and Water Conservation Society, Ankeny, Iowa. p. 157163.
Canali, S., Diacono, M., Campanelli, G., and Montemurro, F. 2015. Organic no-till with roller crimpers: Agro-ecosystem services and applications in organic Mediterranean vegetable productions. Sustainable Agriculture Research 4(3):7079.doi: 10.5539.
Charissa, H.F., Kent, J.F., Gidley, M.J., Netzel, G., Zabaras, D., Herrington, M., and Netzel, M. 2013. High-anthocyanin strawberries through cultivar selection. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 93(4):846852.
Ciaccia, C., Montemurro, F., Campanelli, G., Diacono, M., Fiore, A., and Canali, S. 2015. Legume cover crop management and organic amendments application: Effects on organic zucchini performance and weed competition. Scientia Horticulturae 185:4858.
Clark, M.S., Horwath, W.R., Shenna, N.C., Scow, K.M., Lantni, W.T., and Ferris, H. 1999. Nitrogen, weeds and water as yield-limiting factors in conventional, lowinput, and organic tomato systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 73(3):257270. doi: 10.1016/S0167-8809(99)00057-2.
Darnhofer, I., Lindenthal, T., Bartel-Kratochvil, R., and Zollitsch, W. 2010. Conventionalisation of organic farming practices: From structural criteria towards an assessment based on organic principles. A review. Agronomy and Sustainable Development 30:6781.
EC. 2007. Council regulation (EC) No 834/2007 on organic production and labeling of organic products and repealing Regulation (EEC) No 2092/91. O.J. of the European Union of the 20/07/2007 L 189/1.
EC. 2008. Commission Regulation (EC) No. 889/2008 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No. 834/2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products with regard to organic production, labelling and control. O. J. of the European Union of 18/09/2008 L 250/1.
Foley, J.A., Ramankutty, N., Brauman, K.A., Cassidy, E.S., Gerber, J.S., Johnston, M., Mueller, N.D., O'Connell, C., Ray, D.K., West, P.C., Balzer, C., Bennett, E.M., Carpenter, S.R., Hill, J., Monfreda, C., Polasky, S., Rockstrom, J., Sheehan, J., Siebert, S., Tilman, D., and Zaks, D.P.M. 2011. Solutions for a cultivated planet. Nature 478(7369):337342. Available at Web site http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature10452.
Gil, M.I., Ferreres, F., and Tomas-Barberan, F.A. 1999. Effect of postharvest storage and processing on the antioxidant constituents (flavonoids and vitamin C) of fresh-cut spinach. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 47:22132217.
Gill, S.S. and Tuteja, N. 2010. Reactive oxygen species and antioxidant machinery in abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 48(12):909930.
Gomez-Lopez, M.D., and del Amor, F.M. 2013. Sustainable nitrogen fertilisation in sweet pepper: Assessing growth and fruit quality and the potential nitrate pollution from different organic manures. Journal of Science of Food and Agriculture 93:10621069.
Guthman, J. 2004. The trouble with ‘organic lite’ in California: A rejoinder to the ‘conventionalisation’ debate. Sociologia Ruralis 44(3):301316.
Henriksen, A. and Selmer-Olsen, A.R. 1970. Automatic methods for determining nitrate and nitrite in water and soil extracts. Analyst 95:514518.
[ISPRA] Institute for Environmental Protection and Research. 2001. Methods of Compost Analysis. ANPA Handbooks and Guidelines-3/2001. CSR, Rome.
Jin, P., Wang, S.Y., Wang, C.Y., and Zheng, Y. 2011. Effect of cultural system and storage temperature on antioxidant capacity and phenolic compounds in strawberries. Food Chemistry 124:262270.
Jouki, M. and Dadashpour, A. 2012. Comparison of physiochemical changes in two popular strawberry cultivars grown in Iran (cvs. kurdistan & selva) during storage time at 4°c. Genetika 44(3):679688.
King, C.A. 2008. Community resilience and contemporary agri-ecological systems: Reconnecting people and food, and people with people. Systems Research and Behavioral Science 25:111124.
Krom, M.D. 1980. Spectrophotometric determination of ammonia: A study of a modified Berthelot reaction using salicylate and dichloroisocyanurate. Analyst 105:305316.
Kronenberg, H.G., Wassenaar, L.M., and van de Lindeloof, C.P.J. 1976. Effect of temperature on dormancy in strawberry. Scientia Horticolturae 4:361366.
Lee, S.K. and Kader, A.A. 2000. Preharvest and postharvest factors influencing vitamin C content of horticultural crops. Postharvest Biology and Technology 20(3):207220.
Mitcham, E.J., Crisosto, C.H., and Kader, A.A. 1996. Strawberry. Recommendations for maintaining postharvest quality. Available at Web site http://postharvest.ucdavis.edu/produce_information.
Möller, K. 2009. Influence of different manuring systems with and without biogas digestion on soil organic matter and nitrogen inputs, flows and budget in organic cropping systems. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 84(2):179202.
Montemurro, F., Tittarelli, F., Lopedota, O., Verrastro, V., and Diacono, M. 2015. Agronomic performance of experimental fertilizers on spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) in organic farming. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 102:227241. doi: 10.1007/s10705-015-9691-8.
Nett, L., Feller, C., George, E., and Fink, M. 2011. Effect of winter catch crops on nitrogen surplus in intensive vegetable crop rotations. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 91(3):327337.
Oliveira, A.B., Moura, C.F.H., Gomes-Filho, E., Marco, C.A., Urban, L., and Miranda, M.R.A. 2013. The impact of organic farming on quality of tomatoes is associated to increased oxidative stress during fruit development. PLoS ONE 8(2): e56354. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0056354.
Padel, S., Röcklinsberg, H., Verhoog, H., Fjelsted Alrøe, H., de Wit, J., Kjeldsen, C., and Schmid, O. 2007. Balancing and integrating basic values in the development of organic regulations and standards: Proposal for a procedure using case studies of conflicting areas. Report from the Organic Revision project:1-131. Available at Web site http://www.organic-revision.org/pub/D_2_3_Integrating_values_final_2007.pdf.
Plieninger, T. and Bieling, C. 2013. Resilience-based perspectives to guiding high-nature-value farmland through socioeconomic change. Ecology and Society 18(4):20. Available at Web site http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-05877-180420.
Rahman, M.M. 2014. Interactive influence of planting date and cultivar on growth, yield and quality of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.). Journal of Horticulture and Forestry 6(3):3137.
Reganold, J.P., Andrews, P.K., Reeve, J.R., Carpenter-Boggs, L., Schadt, C.W., Alldredge, J.R., Ross, C.F., Davies, N.M., and Zhou, J. 2010. Fruit and soil quality of organic and conventional strawberry agroecosystems. PLoS ONE 5(9):114.
Rembiałkowska, E. 2007. Quality of plant products from organic agriculture. Journal of Science of Food and Agriculture 87:27572762. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.3000.
Roitsch, T. 1999. Source-sink regulation by sugar and stress. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 2(3):198206.
Singleton, V.L. and Rossi, J.A. 1965. Colorimetry of total phenolics with phosphomolybdic-phosphotungstic acid reagents. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 16(3):144158.
Snapp, S., Swinton, S., Labarta, R., Mutch, D., Black, J., Leep, R., Nyiraneza, J., and O'Neil, K. 2005. Evaluating cover crops for benefits, costs and performance within cropping system niches. Agronomy Journal 97(1):322332.
Tanino, K.K. and Wang, R. 2008. Modeling chilling requirement and diurnal temperature differences on flowering and yield performance in strawberry crown production. HortScience 43(7):20602065.
Tittarelli, F., Campanelli, G., Farina, R., Napoli, R., Ciaccia, C., Testani, E., Leteo, F., and Canali, S. 2014. Effect of cover crop management and compost application on soil N fertility of organic melon. Proceedings of the 4th ISOFAR Scientific Conference “Building Organic Bridges” at the Organic World Congress, 13–15 October 2014, Istanbul, Turkey (eprint ID 23596). p. 709712.
Tüzel, Y., Duyar, H., Oztekin, G.B., Gurbuz Kilic, O., Anac, D., Madanlar, N., and Yoldas, Z. 2013. Effects of winter green manuring on organic cucumber production in unheated greenhouse conditions. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 37(3):315325. Available at Web site http://dx.doi.org/10.3906/tar-1204-42.
Van der Lans, C.J.M., Meijer, R.J.M., and Blom, M. 2011. A view of organic greenhouse horticulture worldwide. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Organic Greenhouse Horticulture. Eds. M. Dorais and S.D. Bishop. Acta Horticulturae 915:1521.
Voogt, W., de Visser, P.H.E., van Winkel, A., Cuijpers, W.J.M., and van de Burgt, G.J.H.M. 2011. Nutrient management in organic greenhouse production: Navigation between constraints. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS) 915, S:7582.
Wang, S.Y. and Millner, P. 2009. Effect of different cultural systems on antioxidant capacity, phenolic content, and fruit quality of strawberries (fragaria× aranassa duch.). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 57(20):96519657.
Watson, C.A., Bengtsson, H., Ebbesvik, M., Loes, A.K., Myrbeck, A., Salomon, E., Schroder, J., and Stockdale, E.A. 2002. A review of farm-scale nutrient budgets for organic farms as a tool for management of soil fertility. Soil Use and Management 18:264273. Available at Web site http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/sum2002127.
Zapata, S. and Dufour, J.P. 1992. Ascorbic, dehydroascorbic and isoascorbic acid simultaneous determinations by reverse phase ion interaction hplc. Journal of Food Science 57:506511.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems
  • ISSN: 1742-1705
  • EISSN: 1742-1713
  • URL: /core/journals/renewable-agriculture-and-food-systems
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 8
Total number of PDF views: 81 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 603 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 5th December 2016 - 21st August 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.