Published online by Cambridge University Press: 02 January 2013
Jürgen Habermas's post-secular account is rapidly attracting attention in many fields as a theoretical framework through which to reconsider the role of religion in contemporary societies. This work seeks to go beyond Habermas's conceptualisation by placing the post-secular discourse within a broader genealogy of the relationships between space, religion, and politics. Drawing on the work of Carl Schmitt, the aim of this article is to contrast the artificial separation between private and public, religious and secular, state and church, and the logic of inclusion/exclusion on which modernity was established. Revisiting this genealogy is also crucial to illustrating, in light of Schmitt's political theory, the problems underlying Habermas's proposal, emphasising its hidden homogenising and universalist logic in an attempt to offer an alternative reflection on the contribution of religious and cultural pluralism within Western democracies.
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5 In contrast, see Habermas, ‘Notes on Post-Secular’, p. 17.
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24 Carl Schmitt, ‘The Visibility of the Church: A Scholastic Consideration’, in Roman Catholicism, p. 51.
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43 Schmitt, Political Theology II, p. 72.
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72 Chantal Mouffe, ‘Carl Schmitt and the Paradox of Liberal Democracy’, The Challenge of Carl Schmitt, p. 46.
74 Schmitt, ‘Ethic of State’, p. 205.
75 For a similar critique, see Reder, Michael, ‘How Far Can Reason and Faith Be Distinguished?’, in Habermas, Jürgenet al., An Awareness of What is Missing. Faith and Reason in a Post-secular Age (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2010), pp. 36–50Google Scholar.
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81 Ibid., p. 201.
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89 Ibid., II, 1261a, p. 31.
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