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Published online by Cambridge University Press: 24 June 2009
Claims that a man-made global warming catastrophe is imminent have two major aspects: the scientific support offered for the claims, and the political proposals brought forth in response to the claims. The central questions are whether non-scientists should accept the claims themselves as true, and whether they should support the political proposals attached to them. Predictions of a coming disaster are shown to be a-historical in both the long term and the short term, to involve shifting predictions that are contrary to evidence, and to be opposed by many scientists. The political proposals to alleviate this alleged problem—especially plans by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency—are shown to offer no alternative to fossil fuels, and to portend a major economic decline and permanent losses of liberty. The anthropogenic global warming claims are largely motivated not by science, but by a desire for socialist intervention on a national and a global scale. Neither the claims to an impending climate catastrophe nor the political proposals attached to those claims should be accepted.
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26 From a temperature graph by John Christy, in Singer and Avery, Unstoppable Global Warming, xxii.
27 Patterson, “Geological Record.”
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52 Gore, Inconvenient Truth, 193.
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57 The Secretary of State for Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs in the United Kingdom wrote: “The debate about the science is over.” From a set of reports, “Taking Forward the UK Climate Change Bill: The Government Response to Pre-Legislative Scrutiny and Public Consultation,” presented to Parliament, October 2007, http://www.official-documents.gov.uk/document/cm72/7225/7225.pdf. The secretary notes that the urgency of the situation is shown by a recent gathering of world leaders on the subject.
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63 The Conference of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto, December 1997. The Convention was adopted in New York on May 9, 1992. The text of the protocol is available at http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/1997/global.warming/stories/treaty/.
65 Bryson was profiled by Solomon, The Deniers, 201–5.
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75 Hayden, Howard, The Solar Fraud: Why Solar Energy Won't Run the World (Pueblo, CO: Vales Lake Publishing, 2004)Google Scholar, details the energy figures and shows why solar is not cost effective even on the level of individual homes.
76 Federal Register 69, no. 221 (November 17, 2004), http://www.epa.gov/EPA-IMPACT/2004/November/Day-17/i25460.htm.
77 Andy Opsahl, Government Technology Magazine, interview with Rachel Huang, Sacramento Municipal Utilities District (undated), video, http://video.govtech.com/?fr_story=9c90f41fc492e019b4b3e231d6b5d41e161837bc&rf=sitemap.
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80 The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (H.R. 6), signed December 19, 2007. This amends the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (H.R. 6).
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86 Federal Register 73, no. 157 (August 13, 2008), http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/pdf/E8-18738.pdf. The EPA based its decision on an academic economic model, by which EPA determined that “the RFS [Renewable Fuels Standard] would have no impact on ethanol production volumes in the relevant time frame.”
87 “Opposing Cape Wind,” http://www.tedkennedy.com/mass/861/opposing-cape-wind; Environmental Economics, January 2006, http://www.env-econ.net/2006/01/i_have_an_idea_.html.
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97 The Lieberman-Warner Climate Security Act of 2007 and 2008, http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bill.xpd?bill=s110-2191.
98 “Getting the Most Greenhouse Gas Reductions for Our Money,” White Paper, House Committee on Energy and Commerce, U.S. House of Representatives, May 27, 2008, http://energycommerce.house.gov/Climate_Change/.
99 Massachusetts v. Environmental Protection Agency, 549 U.S. 497 (2007).
100 ANPR, 29–30.
101 ANPR, 2.
102 The EPA's description of these gases, with heavy reliance on the UN IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, is in the ANPR at 91–100. The “unequivocal” statement is noted in the July 10, 2008, letter from the Council of Economic Advisers and Office of Science and Technology Policy to Susan Dudley, inserted following page 71 of the ANPR. See also ANPR, 74, 187.
103 ANPR, DOE comments, 23.
105 Letter of January 23, 2008, to EPA Administrator Stephen Johnson, http://www.illinoisattorneygeneral.gov/pressroom/2008_01/johnsonletter.pdf.
106 ANPR, 5.
107 ANPR, 59–60, 232f.
108 ANPR, 66–67; emphasis added.
109 ANPR, 37, 39–40, 51, figures 28 and 29: http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/servicerpt/s2191/economic.html.
110 ANPR, 54. Data from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, August 17, 2007, http://cdiac.ornl.gov/ftp/trends/emissions/usa.dat.
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120 As Europeans may realize, following Russia's invasion of Georgia in August 2008 and the threat to pipelines.
121 “Eradication of Malaria in the United States (1947–1951),” Web site of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, http://www.cdc.gov/malaria/history/eradication_us.htm. See also Lomborg, Cool It, 94–97.
123 See the EPA Press Release announcing the ban, http://www.epa.gov/history/topics/ddt/01.htm. Ruckleshaus, after leaving the EPA, became a fundraiser for the Environmental Defense Fund, which petitioned to ban DDT. On Edwards, see Milloy, Steven, “Scientist Who Warned against DDT Ban Dies,” Fox News, August 6, 2004, http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,128165,00.htmlGoogle Scholar.
124 The 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development exemplifies this merger. Consider Principle no. 5 put forward by the conference: “All States and all people shall cooperate in the essential task of eradicating poverty as an indispensable requirement for sustainable development, in order to decrease the disparities in standards of living and better meet the needs of the majority of the people of the world” (http://www.un.org/documents/ga/conf151/aconf15126-1annex1.htm).
125 See, e.g., McKenzie-Mohr, Doug and Smith, W., Fostering Sustainable Behavior: An Introduction to Community-Based Social Marketing (Gabriola Island: New Society, 1999)Google Scholar. The book was published with a Canadian government grant.
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