Two roles of dignity
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) affirms three types of universal economic rights. One concerns secure access to resources: everyone has a right to property (Article 17), including intellectual property (Article 27), to a decent standard of living (Article 25), to social security in case of accident, illness, disability, unemployment, widowhood and old age (Articles 22 and 25) and free education (Article 26). A second set of rights concern work: everyone has a right to work, to join a labour union, to a free choice of occupation, a just wage, equal pay for equal work, decent conditions of work (Article 23), and to limited working hours and paid holidays (Article 24). A third set of economic rights protect the vulnerable from specific injustices: everyone has a right against slavery and servitude (Article 4) and against discrimination on the basis of their race, gender, or other social identities (Articles 2 and 23). These economic rights are supposed to be specially connected to the dignity of human beings. What conception of dignity is capable of supporting the UDHR's list of economic rights?
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