This article analyzes the use of antibiotics in Danish general practice. We observed considerable variation in the prescription of antibiotics among general practitioners (GPs). Internationally, Denmark has a low consumption of antibiotics. The use of antibiotics was closely associated with GPs' use of drugs, other than antibiotics, and to some extent with use of microbiological diagnostic tests. These findings provide evidence for the assumption that the consumption of antibiotics can be decreased further, which stresses the need for a restrictive policy concerning antibiotics.